Cool Link of the Day: Before and After Worldwide

Similar to the Before and After posts of how Columbus has been changing, the link below from the site Urb-I, has hundreds of before and after photos of streetscape change in a host of world cities. Columbus itself is not included, but perhaps that can be changed as the site allows anyone to submit images.

http://www.urb-i.com/#!before-after/ceh8

How Big is the Columbus Police Force?

Police departments nationally have been in the news quite a bit lately, but usually not for positive reasons. Excessive force, racism and even murder charges have been levied against police. While it is difficult to measure such incidents within individual departments, we can at least look at how big police departments are relative to a city’s population, and that’s what this post is about.

I looked at Columbus and its peers and Midwest counterparts to see where it ranked in terms of police presence within the city limits. Here is what I found.

Total Law Enforcement Officers, 2012

Chicago, IL: 12,766
Las Vegas, NV: 4,814
Jacksonville, FL: 2,972
Detroit, MI: 2,883
San Antonio, TX: 2,883
Milwaukee, WI: 2,577
Austin, TX: 2,252
Charlotte, NC: 2,196
Columbus: 2,138
Kansas City, MO: 1,869
St. Louis, MO: 1,866
Indianapolis, IN: 1,813
Cleveland: 1,709
Nashville, TN: 1,637
San Jose, CA: 1,435
Portland, OR: 1,195
Cincinnati: 1,113
Minneapolis, MN: 983
Virginia Beach, VA: 955
Pittsburgh, PA: 947
Omaha, NE: 943
Orlando, FL: 931
Sacramento, CA: 861
Wichita, KS: 821
Toledo: 674
Madison, WI: 555
Providence, RI: 517
Akron: 461
Dayton: 415
Youngstown: 196
Canton: 163

Law Enforcement per 10,000 Residents, 2012
1. St. Louis: 58.6
2. Chicago: 47.1
3. Cleveland: 43.4
4. Milwaukee: 43.0
5. Detroit: 40.8
6. Kansas City: 40.3
7. Orlando: 37.8
8. Cincinnati: 37.6
9. Jacksonville: 35.4
10. Las Vegas: 32.5
11. Pittsburgh: 30.3
12. Youngstown: 29.4
13. Dayton: 29.2
14. Providence: 29.1
15. Charlotte: 27.2
16. Austin: 27.0
17. Columbus: 26.8
18. Nashville: 26.4
19. Minneapolis: 25.2
20. Toledo: 23.6
21. Madison: 23.4
22. Akron: 23.2
23. Omaha: 22.6
24. Canton: 22.4
25. Indianapolis: 21.6
26. Virginia Beach: 21.3
27. Wichita: 21.2
28. San Antonio: 20.9
29. Portland: 20.0
30. Sacramento: 18.1
31. San Jose: 14.7

So now that we know the size of the police force in these places, does the size have a correlation to crime rates?

Here is the violent crime rate for the same year as these stats, 2012. The rank for police force per 10K people is listed beside the violent crime ranking.

Violent Crime Rate per 100K People and Law Enforcement Rank per 10K People
1. Detroit: 2,122.9 #5
2. St. Louis: 1,776.5 #1
3. Cleveland: 1,383.8 #3
4. Milwaukee: 1,294.5 #4
5. Kansas City: 1,263.2 #6
6. Nashville: 1,216 #18
7. Indianapolis: 1,185.5 #25
8. Toledo: 1,171.9 #20
9. Orlando: 1,017.4 #7
10. Minneapolis: 992.2 #19
11. Cincinnati: 974.7 #8
12. Dayton: 973.7 #13
13. Akron: 886.6 #22
14. Youngstown: 809.2 #12
15. Las Vegas: 784 #10
16. Pittsburgh: 752 #11
17. Wichita: 742.5 #27
18. Sacramento: 738.6 #30
19. Charlotte: 647.9 #15
20. Providence: 636.9 #14
21. Columbus: 630 #17
22. Jacksonville: 617.3 #9
23. Omaha: 594.5 #23
24. Portland: 517.2 #29
25. San Antonio: 503.1 #28
26. Austin: 408.8 #16
27. Madison: 377.7 #21
28. San Jose: 363.3 #31
29. Virginia Beach: 169.4 #26
30. Canton: 28.6 #24
Chicago: N/A

Based on the ranking above, which cities are getting the best bang for their police force? That would be cities with a larger police force ranking (by at least 2 spots) than violent crime ranking. These would include: Orlando, Cincinnati, Youngstown, Las Vegas, Pittsburgh, Charlotte, Providence, Columbus, Jacksonville, Austin, Madison, Virginia Beach and Canton.

On the opposite end, the cities with failing police levels vs. violent crime include those places with a higher violent crime ranking than police ranking (by at least 2 spots). Those are: Detroit, Nashville, Indianapolis, Toledo, Minneapolis, Akron, Wichita, Sacramento, Portland, San Antonio and San Jose.

Finally, the cities with violent crime ranked about where their police size is include St. Louis, Cleveland, Milwaukee, St. Louis, Kansas City, Dayton and Omaha.

So Columbus is in the best category. Its violent crime ranking is 4 spots lower than its law enforcement ranking size, meaning that police in Columbus are performing better than average. Let’s just hope they’re doing the right, legal thing when policing.

For more information and other cities, large and small, check out this link: http://www.governing.com/topics/public-justice-safety/gov-cities-with-the-greatest-police-presence-most-officers-per-capita.html

Columbus: 2014 Population Estimates and the Future

In the recent 2014 city population estimates, Columbus remained the 15th largest in the United States. I wanted to take a look at how it is doing compared to other large
national cities along with Midwest peers.

July 1, 2014 City Population Estimate by National Rank
1. New York, NY: 8,491,079
2. Los Angeles, CA: 3,928,864
3. Chicago, IL: 2,722,389
4. Houston, TX: 2,239,558
5. Philadelphia, PA: 1,560,297
6. Phoenix, AZ: 1,537,058
7. San Antonio, TX: 1,436,697
8. San Diego, CA: 1,381,069
9. Dallas, TX: 1,281,047
10. San Jose, CA: 1,015,785
11. Austin, TX: 912,791
12. Jacksonville, FL: 853,382
13. San Francisco, CA: 852,469
14. Indianapolis: 848,788
15. Columbus: 835,957
16. Ft. Worth, TX: 812,238
17. Charlotte, NC: 809,958
18. Detroit, MI: 680,250
19. El Paso, TX: 679,036
20. Seattle, WA: 668,342
21. Denver, CO: 663,862
22. Washington, DC: 658,893
23. Memphis, TN: 656,861
24. Boston, MA: 655,884
25. Nashville, TN: 644,014
26. Baltimore, MD: 622,793
27. Oklahoma City, OK: 620,602
28. Portland, OR: 619,360
29. Las Vegas, NV: 613,599
30. Louisville, KY: 612,780
31. Milwaukee, WI: 599,642
32. Albuquerque, NM: 557,169
33. Tucson, AZ: 527,972
34. Fresno, CA: 515,986
35. Sacramento, CA: 485,199
36. Long Beach, CA: 473,577
37. Kansas City, MO : 470,800
38. Mesa, AZ: 464,704
39. Atlanta, GA: 464,704
40. Virginia Beach, VA: 450,980
41. Omaha, NE: 446,599
42. Colorado Springs, CO: 445,830
43. Raleigh, NC: 439,896
44. Miami, FL: 430,332
45. Oakland, CA: 413,775
46. Minneapolis, MN: 407,207
47. Tulsa, OK: 399,682
48. Cleveland: 389,521
49. Wichita, KS: 388,413
50. New Orleans, LA: 384,320
60. St. Louis, MO: 317,419
62. Pittsburgh, PA: 305,412
65. Cincinnati: 298,165
66. St. Paul, MN: 297,640
68. Toledo, OH: 281,031
72. Lincoln, NE: 272,996
73. Orlando, FL: 262,372
77. Fort Wayne, IN: 258,522
83. Madison, WI: 245,691
105. Des Moines, IA: 209,220
118. Akron: 197,859
183. Dayton: 141,003
472. Canton: 72,297
545. Youngstown: 65,062


Total Population Change 2013-2014 and Census 2010-2014 in ()

1. New York, NY: +52,700 (+316,120)
2. Houston, TX: +35,752 (+142,897)
3. Los Angeles, CA: +30,924 (+136,207)
4. Austin, TX: +25,667 (+101,333)
5. San Antonio, TX: +24,931 (+109,141)
6. Phoenix, AZ: +24,616 (+89,441)
7. San Diego, CA: +21,225 (+79,448)
8. Dallas, TX: +20,322 (+83,255)
9. Fort Worth, TX: +18,183 (+70,178)
10. Charlotte, NC: +16,007 (+74,200)
11. Denver, CO: +15,461 (+63,837)
12. Seattle, WA: +14,938 (+59,684)
13. Columbus: +12,421 (+47,303)
14. San Jose, CA: +11,964 (+63,225)
15. San Francisco, CA: +11,331 (+47,274)
16. Las Vegas, NV: +9,929 (+29,359)
17. Portland, OR: +9,840 (+35,571)
18. Washington, DC: +9,782 (+57,126)
19. Oklahoma City, OK: +9,572 (+40,594)
20. Jacksonville, FL: +9,368 (+31,598)
21. Nashville, TN: +9,144 (+40,508)
22. Miami, FL: +8,969 (+30,824)
23. Raleigh, NC: +8,179 (+35,925)
24. Atlanta, GA: +7,593 (+34,746)
25. Orlando, FL: +6,940 (+23,538)
26. Minneapolis, MN: +6,560 (+24,608)
27. Mesa, AZ: +6,357 (+24,839)
28. Oakland, CA: +6,108 (+22,870)
29. Boston, MA: +5,967 (+38,204)
30. Fresno, CA: +5,698 (+19,906)
31. Colorado Springs, CO: +5,693 (+28,489)
32. Omaha, NE: +5,552 (+23,272)
33. Indianapolis, IN: +5,413 (+28,347)
34. New Orleans, LA: +5,314 (+40,491)
35. Sacramento, CA: +4,975 (+18,711)
36. Philadelphia, PA: +4,245 (+34,291)
37. Lincoln, NE: +4,041 (+14,528)
38. Kansas City, MO: +3,547 (+11,013)
39. Madison, WI: +2,479 (+12,362)
40. Louisville, KY: +2,305 (+15,515)
41. El Paso, TX: +2,245 (+29,903)
42. St. Paul, MN: +2,209 (+12,572)
43. Long Beach, CA: +2,097 (+11,320)
44. Virginia Beach, VA: +1,672 (+13,014)
45. Fort Wayne, IN: +1,658 (+4,822)
46. Des Moines, IA: +1,565 (+5,034)
47. Tucson, AZ: +1,450 (+7,411)
48. Wichita, KS: +1,361 (+6,027)
49. Tulsa, OK: +1,278 (+7,760)
50. Cincinnati: +547 (+1,215)
51. Albuquerque, NM: +336 (+10,809)
52. Milwaukee, WI: +139 (+4,904)
53. Chicago, IL: +82 (+26,791)
54. Canton: -267 (-720)
55. Akron: -299 (-1,233)
56. Youngstown: -431 (-1,920)
57. Baltimore, MD: -611 (+1,672)
58. Dayton: -897 (-758)
59. St. Louis, MO: -1,077 (-1,946)
60. Pittsburgh, PA: -1,314 (-290)
61. Toledo: -1,602 (-6,175)
62. Cleveland: -1,635 (-7,176)
63. Memphis, TN: -1,647 (+5,003)
64. Detroit, MI: -6,424 (-33,612)

Columbus was the 13th fastest growing major city from 2013-2014, and the 15th fastest-growing from the 2010 Census to 2014. It was also the fastest-growing Midwestern city and the 2nd fastest-growing outside of the South and West, behind only New York.

But what about future population rankings? Currently, Columbus is 15th largest, but what about by 2020 and beyond? It’s difficult to project population out very far because rates can change significantly over time. Assuming that all cities grow at the same rate through say, 2030, where might Columbus be?

The chart is somewhat difficult to read, so let me explain. Each city has projected numbers for each 5-year period starting at 2015 and going to 2035. You can rank the cities by looking at where the numbers are on the chart relative to each other. Here is Columbus’ ranking on the chart:

2015: 6th, behind Austin, San Francisco, San Jose, Jacksonville and Indianapolis. It would remain 15th place nationally.
2020: 5th, behind Austin, Fort Worth, San Francisco and San Jose. It would rank 14th place nationally.
2025: 6th, behind Austin, Forth Worth, Charlotte, San Francisco and San Jose. It would rank 15th place nationally.
2030: 5th, behind Austin, Fort Worth, Charlotte and San Jose. It would rank 14th nationally.
2035: 5th, again behind Austin, Fort Worth, Charlotte and San Jose. It would remain ranked 14th nationally.

So it seems Columbus may actually move up on the list a spot over time. If any cities slow down or speed up, obviously that could change.