Columbus Metro vs. National and Midwest Peer GDP



This post is largely just an update of previous versions, and now includes data for 2017, the latest year available.

Rank of Major Midwest Metros and Columbus National Peers by GDP, 2001 and 2017
In Millions
2001————————————————————–2017

1. Chicago: $502,222.7——————-1. Chicago: $583,137.2
2. Detroit: $217,366.5——————–2. San Jose: $256,419.3
3. Minneapolis: $176,780.9————–3.Detroit: $228,069.4
4. San Jose: $128,869.7——————4. Minneapolis: $226,151.9
5. St. Louis: $126,476.1——————-5. Portland: $156,552.6
6. Pittsburgh: $106,840.3—————6. St. Louis: $139,508.7
7. Cleveland: $103,743.4—————–7. Austin: $135,072.4
8. Cincinnati: $96,633.3——————8. Pittsburgh: $131,221.8
9. Indianapolis: $94,562.8—————-9. Indianapolis: $122,607.7
10. Kansas City: $92,306.6————–10. Cleveland: $120,380.2
11. Sacramento: $85,624.2————–11. Cincinnati: $119,222.7
12. Columbus: $85,481.4—————–12. Columbus: $117,249.9
13. Portland, OR: $84,793.6————-13. Nashville: $115,716.5
14. Milwaukee: $77,852.2—————-14. Kansas City: $114,418.2
15. Virginia Beach, VA: $69,736.1——-15. Sacramento: $108,731.8
16. Las Vegas: $68,883.0—————-16. Las Vegas: $96,061.8
17. Nashville: $68,332.6——————17. Milwaukee: $91,961.9
18. Austin: $62,312.4———————18. Virginia Beach: $81,820.7
19. Providence, RI: $61,594.2———–19. Providence: $71,739.2
20. Jacksonville, FL: $49,447.8———20. Jacksonville: $65,829.8
21. Grand Rapids, MI: $42,329.6——–21. Omaha: $56,228.7
22. Omaha, NE: $39,148.8—————22. Grand Rapids: $52,734.5
23. Dayton: $35,227.9——————–23. Des Moines: $49,031.4
24. Madison, WI: $29,854.1————–24. Madison: $43,597.4
25. Des Moines, IA: $28,118.4———–25. Dayton: $35,396.9
26. Akron: $27,124.1———————-26. Akron: $32,386.3
27. Toledo: $26,129.5———————27. Wichita: $29,825.3
28. Wichita, KS: $25,465.4—————28. Toledo: $28,299.8
29. Youngstown: $19,767.5————–29. Fort Wayne: $19,786.0
30. Fort Wayne, IN: $16,048.8———–30. Lincoln: $17,300.5
31. Canton: $13,932.2———————31. Youngstown: $17,257.5
32. Lincoln, NE: $12,537.4—————-32. Canton: $14,901.4

Rank by Total Change in Millions 2001-2017
1. San Jose: +$127,549.6
2. Chicago: +$80,914.5
3. Austin: +$72,760
4. Portland: +$71,759
5. Minneapolis: +$49,371
6. Nashville: +$47,383.9
7. Columbus: +$31,768.5
8. Indianapolis: +$28,044.9
9. Las Vegas: +$27,178.8
10. Pittsburgh: +$24,381.5
11. Sacramento: +$23,107.6
12. Cincinnati: +$22,589.4
13. Kansas City: +$22,111.6
14. Des Moines: +$20,913
15. Omaha: +$17,079.9
16. Cleveland: +$16,636.8
17. Jacksonville: +$16,382
18. Milwaukee: +$14,109.7
19. Madison: +$13,743.3
20. St. Louis: +$13,032.6
21. Virginia Beach: +$12,084.6
22. Detroit: +$10,702.9
23. Grand Rapids: +$10,404.9
24. Providence: +$10,145
25. Akron: +$5,262.2
26. Lincoln: +$4,763.1
27. Wichita: +$4,359.9
28. Fort Wayne: +$3,737.2
29. Toledo: +$2,170.3
30. Canton: +$969.2
31. Dayton: +$169
32. Youngstown: -$2,510

Total Rank by % Change 2001-2017
1. Austin: +116.8%
2. San Jose: +99.0%
3. Portland: +84.6%
4. Des Moines: +74.4%
5. Nashville: +69.3%
6. Madison: +46.0%
7. Omaha: +43.6%
8. Las Vegas: +39.5%
9. Lincoln: +38.0%
10. Columbus: +37.2%
11. Virginia Beach: +33.1%
12. Indianapolis: +29.7%
13. Minneapolis: +27.9%
14. Sacramento: +27.0%
15. Grand Rapids: +24.6%
16. Kansas City: +24.0%
17. Cincinnati: +23.4%
18. Fort Wayne: +23.3%
19. Pittsburgh: +22.8%
20. Akron: +19.4%
21. Milwaukee: +18.1%
22. Virginia Beach: +17.3%
23. Wichita: +17.1%
24. Providence: +16.5%
25. Chicago: +16.1%
26. Cleveland: +16.0%
27. St. Louis: +10.3%
28. Toledo: +8.3%
29. Canton: +7.0%
30. Detroit: +4.9%
31. Dayton: +0.5%
32. Youngstown: -12.7%

Finally, let’s take a look at per-capita GDP and income.

Rank of Metros by Per-Capita GDP in Dollars, 2017
1. San Jose: $128,308
2. Des Moines: $75,910
3. Madison: $66,639
4. Austin: $63,839
5. Portland: $63,817
6. Minneapolis: $62,809
7. Chicago: $61,170
8. Nashville: $60,806
9. Indianapolis: $60,439
10. Omaha: $60,246
11. Cleveland: $58,470
12. Milwaukee: $58,343
13. Columbus: $56,405
14. Pittsburgh: $56,237
15. Cincinnati: $54,712
16. Kansas City: $53,745
17. Detroit: $52,879
18. Lincoln: $52,185
19. Grand Rapids: $49,791
20. St. Louis: $49,694
21. Virginia Beach: $47,426
22. Toledo: $46,880
23. Sacramento: $46,769
24. Akron: $46,036
25. Wichita: $45,862
26. Fort Wayne: $45,525
27. Providence: $44,253
28. Dayton: $44,058
29. Jacksonville: $43,741
30. Las Vegas: $43,584
31. Canton: $37,260
32. Youngstown: $31,845

Total Per-Capita GDP Growth 2001-2017, in Dollars
1. San Jose: +$54,361
2. Portland: +$20,800
3. Des Moines: +$18,497
4. Austin: +$16,680
5. Nashville: +$12,315
6. Pittsburgh: +$12,043
7. Madison: +$11,838
8. Cleveland: +$10,032
9. Omaha: +$9,807
10. Akron: +$7,182
11. Milwaukee: +$6,691
12. Cincinnati: +$6,689
13. Providence: +$6,646
14. Chicago: +$6,399
15. Columbus: +$6,322
16. Lincoln: +$5,962
17. Minneapolis: +$5,536
18. Grand Rapids: +$4,977
19. Fort Wayne: +$4,748
20. Toledo: +$4,670
21. Indianapolis: +$4,392
22. Detroit: +$4,162
23. Virginia Beach: +$3,663
24. Kansas City: +$3,511
25. Canton: +$2,966
26. St. Louis: +$2,679
27. Wichita: +$2,260
28. Sacramento: +$890
29. Jacksonville: +$671
30. Dayton: +$268
31. Youngstown: -$1,149
32. Las Vegas: -$3,580

Columbus is not performing as well in this metric. In Ohio, Columbus is poised to become Ohio’s largest metro economy eventually, but may lag behind on a per-capita basis.



Columbus Metro’s GDP vs. Midwest and National Peers



Rank of Major Midwest Metros and Columbus National Peers by GDP, 2001, 2010 and 2015
In Millions
2001——————————————–2010————————————-2015

1. Chicago, IL: $416,444————-1. Chicago: $533,825————–1. Chicago: $640,656
2. Detroit, MI: $190,921———–2. Minneapolis: $199,606——-2. Minneapolis: $248,779
3. Minneapolis, MN: $148,192—–3. Detroit: $197,973—————–3. Detroit: $245,607
4. San Jose, CA: $125,037———4. San Jose: $163,836———–4. San Jose: $235,222
5. St. Louis, MO: $102,385———5. Portland: $141,233————5. Portland: $158,770
6. Pittsburgh, PA: $88,769———-6. St. Louis: $133,888———6. St. Louis: $155,077
7. Cleveland: $87,796————-7. Pittsburgh: $117,895———-7. Charlotte: $152,447
8. Portland, OR: $80,753———8. Charlotte: $114,500————8. Pittsburgh: $138,873
9. Cincinnati: $79,638————-9. Indianapolis: $111,084——-9. Indianapolis: $134,081
10. Kansas City, MO: $79,544—-10. Cleveland: $109,365—–10. Cleveland: $128,448
11. Charlotte, NC $78,675———11. Kansas City: $107,265—11. Cincinnati: $127,057
12. Indianapolis, IN: $78,009——-12. Cincinnati: $104,314—-12. Kansas City: $125,618
13. Columbus: $74,172————-13. Orlando: $101,307——–13. Columbus: $124,381
14. Sacramento, CA: $66,696—–14. Columbus: $96,475——14. Orlando: $121,329
15. Orlando, FL: $66,644———–15. Sacramento: $96,015—-15. Austin: $119,949
16. Milwaukee, WI: $65,033——–16. Austin: $87,473———-16. Sacramento: $118,822
17. Nashville, TN: $58,245———17. Milwaukee: $86,569—–17. Nashville: $113,680
18. Las Vegas, NV: $57,035——-18. Las Vegas: $85,020—–18. San Antonio: $108,879
19. Virginia Beach, VA: $54,040—-19. Nashville: $84,804—19. Las Vegas: $103,343
20. Austin, TX: $53,915——20. Virginia Beach: $82,685—–20. Milwaukee: $102,209
21. San Antonio, TX: $53,248—21. San Antonio: $81,722—21. Virginia Beach: $95,680
22. Providence, RI: $49,997——-22. Providence: $67,754—-22. Providence: $78,694
23. Grand Rapids, MI: $35,248—-23. Omaha: $47,711——-23. Omaha: $59,090
24. Omaha, NE: $32,044——–24. Grand Rapids: $41,221–24. Grand Rapids: $53,949
25. Dayton: $29,658————–25. Dayton: $34,226————25. Dayton: $39,206
26. Toledo: $22,216————–26. Akron: $28,628————–26. Akron: $34,419
27. Akron: $21,684—————27. Toledo: $27,158————-27. Toledo: $34,019
28. Youngstown: $15,314——28. Youngstown: $17,293——28. Youngstown: $21,417

Rank by Total Change in Millions 2001-2015
1. Chicago: +$224,212
2. San Jose: +$110,185
3. Minneapolis: +$100,587
4. Portland: +$78,017
5. Charlotte: +$73,772
6. Austin: +$66,034
7. Indianapolis: +$56,072
8. San Antonio: +$55,631
9. Nashville: +$55,435
10. Detroit: +$54,686
11. Orlando: +$54,685
12. St. Louis: +$52,692
13. Sacramento: +$52,126
14. Columbus: +$50,209
15. Pittsburgh: +$50,104
16. Cincinnati: +$47,419
17. Las Vegas: +$46,308
18. Kansas City: +$46,074
19. Virginia Beach: +$41,640
20. Cleveland: +$40,652
21. Milwaukee: +$37,176
22. Providence: +$28,697
23. Omaha: +$27,046
24. Grand Rapids: +$18,701
25. Akron: +$12,735
26. Toledo: +$11,803
27. Dayton: +$9,548
28. Youngstown: +$6,103

Rank by Total Change in Millions 2010-2015
1. Chicago: +$106,831
2. San Jose: +$71,386
3. Minneapolis: +$49,173
4. Detroit: +$47,634
5. Charlotte: +$37,947
6. Austin: +$32,476
7. Nashville: $28,876
8. Columbus: +$27,906
9. San Antonio: +$27,157
10. Indianapolis +$22,997
11. Sacramento: +$22,807
12. Cincinnati: +$22,743
13. St. Louis: +$21,189
14. Pittsburgh: +$20,978
15. Orlando: +$20,022
16. Cleveland: +$19,083
17. Kansas City: +$18,353
18. Las Vegas: +$18,323
19. Portland: +$17,537
20. Milwaukee: +$15,640
21. Virginia Beach: +$12,995
22. Grand Rapids: +$12,728
23. Omaha: +$11,379
24. Providence: +$10,940
25. Toledo: +$6,861
26. Akron: +$5,791
27. Dayton: +$4,980
28. Youngstown: +$4,124

Total Rank by % Change 2001-2015
1. Austin: +122.48%
2. San Antonio: +104.48%
3. Portland: +96.61%
4. Nashville: +95.18%
5. Charlotte: +93.77%
6. San Jose: +88.12%
7. Omaha: +84.40%
8. Orlando: +82.06%
9. Las Vegas: +81.19%
10. Sacramento: +78.15%
11. Virginia Beach: +77.05%
12. Indianapolis: +71.88%
13. Minneapolis: +67.88%
14. Columbus: +67.69%
15. Cincinnati: +59.54%
16. Akron: +58.73%
17. Kansas City: +57.92%
18. Providence: +57.40%
19. Milwaukee: +57.16%
20. Pittsburgh: +56.44%
21. Chicago: +53.84%
22. Toledo: +53.13%
23. Grand Rapids: +53.06%
24. St. Louis: +51.46%
25. Cleveland: +46.30%
26. Youngstown: +39.85%
27. Dayton: +32.19%
28. Detroit: +28.64%

Total Rank by % Change 2010-2015
1. San Jose: +43.57%
2. Austin: +37.13%
3. Nashville: +34.05%
4. San Antonio: +33.23%
5. Charlotte: +33.14%
6. Grand Rapids: +30.88%
7. Columbus: +28.93%
8. Toledo: +25.26%
9. Minneapolis: +24.64%
10. Detroit: +24.06%
11. Omaha: +23.85%
12. Youngstown: +23.85%
13. Sacramento: +23.75%
14. Cincinnati: +21.80%
15. Las Vegas: +21.55%
16. Indianapolis: +20.70%
17. Akron: +20.23%
18. Chicago: +20.01%
19. Orlando: +19.76%
20. Milwaukee: +18.07%
21. Pittsburgh: +17.79%
22. Cleveland: +17.45%
23. Kansas City: +17.11%
24. Providence: +16.15%
25. St. Louis: +15.83%
26. Virginia Beach: +15.72%
27. Dayton: +14.55%
28. Portland: +12.42%

Finally, let’s take a look at per-capita GDP and income.

Rank of Metros by Per-Capita GDP in Dollars, 2015
1. San Jose: $112,851
2. Minneapolis: $63,474
3. Portland: $62,229
4. Chicago: $59,688
5. Indianapolis: $59,479
6. Milwaukee: $58,219
7. Omaha: $57,334
8. Cleveland: $56,013
9. Nashville: $55,841
10. Charlotte: $55,610
11. Pittsburgh: $55,335
12. Austin: $55,323
13. Columbus: $55,005
14. Kansas City: $54,097
15. Cincinnati: $52,649
16. Detroit: $51,428
17. Virginia Beach: $49,606
18. Toledo: $49,428
19. St. Louis: $49,258
20. Sacramento: $46,697
21. Grand Rapids: $46,677
22. Orlando: $45,756
23. Akron: $44,246
24. Dayton: $43,748
25. Providence: $43,744
26. Las Vegas: $43,476
27. San Antonio: $42,169
28. Youngstown: $34,960

Total Growth 2001-2015 by Rank, in Dollars
1. San Jose: +$40,677
2. Portland: +$18,225
3. Pittsburgh: +$10,064
4. Austin: +$9,925
5. Toledo: +$7,414
6. Virginia Beach: +$7,256
7. Nashville: +$7,071
8. Cleveland: +$6,767
9. Milwaukee: +$6,744
10. Omaha: +$6,581
11. Akron: +$6,167
12. Minneapolis: +$5,900
13. Providence: +$5,560
14. Chicago: +4,663
15. San Antonio: +$4,652
16. Cincinnati: +$4,426
17. Youngstown: +$4,391
18. Sacramento: +$3,210
19. Columbus: +$3,182
20. Indianapolis: +$2,984
21. Grand Rapids: +$2,971
22. Charlotte: +$2,880
23. Kansas City: +$2,770
24. St. Louis: +$2,699
25. Detroit: +$2,011
26. Dayton: +$162
27. Orlando: -$1,630
28. Las Vegas: -$5,041

Total Per-Capita GDP Growth 2010-2015, in Dollars
1. San Jose: +$23,814
2. Toledo: +$6,242
3. Pittsburgh: +$6,172
4. Nashville: +$5,643
5. Detroit: +$5,459
6. Austin: +$5,307
7. Grand Rapids: +$5,158
8. Youngstown: +$4,987
9. San Antonio: +$4,878
10. Columbus: +$4,864
11. Minneapolis: +$4,644
12. Charlotte: +$4,578
13. Chicago: +$4,004
14. Cleveland: +$3,992
15. Cincinnati: +$3,986
16. Akron: +$3,774
17. Milwaukee: +$2,913
18. Omaha: +$2,863
19. Sacramento: +$2,680
20. Providence: +$1,902
21. St. Louis: +$1,884
22. Dayton: +$1,439
23. Kansas City: +$1,270
24. Indianapolis: +$1,186
25. Virginia Beach: +$998
26. Las Vegas: +$206
27. Portland: -$992
28. Orlando: -$1,345

What the numbers suggest is that Columbus was performing at a middle-mediocre level in the first half of the 2001-2015 period, and has generally been performing significantly better in the latter half. In Ohio, Columbus is poised to become Ohio’s largest metro economy over the next few years.



2014 State GDP



New state-level GDP figures were recently released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. Where does Ohio stand?

First, let’s look at the top 20 states for total GDP in 2014

2014 Total, in Millions
1. California: 2,311,616
2. Texas: 1,648,036
3. New York: 1,404,518
4. Florida: 839,944
5. Illinois: 745,875
6. Pennsylvania: 662,890
7. Ohio: 583,261
8. New Jersey: 549,099
9. North Carolina: 483,126
10. Georgia: 476,483
11. Virginia: 463,613
12. Massachusetts: 459,937
13. Michigan: 451,516
14. Washington: 427,052
15. Maryland: 348,631
16. Indiana: 317,840
17. Minnesota: 316,204
18. Colorado: 306,663
19. Tennessee: 300,604
20. Wisconsin: 292,891

Ohio maintained its 7th-place position through 2014.
Now let’s look at the 20 states that had the biggest increases.

Total GDP Growth in Millions 2013-2014
1. California: +98,625
2. Texas: +90,843
3. New York: +62,927
4. Florida: +39,247
5. Pennsylvania: +22,596
6. Illinois: +21,080
7. Ohio: +20,416
8. Georgia: +20,000
9. Washington: +19,892
10. Massachusetts: +18,470
11. Colorado: +18,325
12. Michigan: +16,842
13. North Carolina: +16,051
14. New Jersey: +11,703
15. Oregon: +10,810
16. Tennessee: +10,479
17. Arizona: +9,422
18. Maryland: +9,222
19. Minnesota: +8,934
20. Virginia: +8,629

So Ohio is growing at the same position as its overall ranking. No states below it are set to pass it anytime in the near future. In fact, the gap is widening from its nearest threats.

What about per-capita GDP, which is a measure of the state’s total GDP divided by its population?

Per-Capita GDP, in Dollars 2014
1. Alaska: 66,160
2. North Dakota: 65,225
3. New York: 64,818
4. Connecticut: 64,676
5. Wyoming: 64,309
6. Massachusetts: 63,005
7. Delaware: 60,551
8. New Jersey: 56,405
9. Washington: 55,298
10. California: 54,462
11. Texas: 54,433
12. Maryland: 53,759
13. Illinois: 52,827
14. Minnesota: 52,801
15. Nebraska: 52,724
16. Colorado: 52,214
17. Virginia: 51,338
18. Oregon: 51,329
19. New Hampshire: 49,951
20. Hawaii: 49,686

27. Ohio: 45,887

Ohio is in the bottom half. Not great, as it indicates that it’s actually underperforming in GDP given its population.

So there you have it, a quick 2014 GDP update. To find out more, check out the BEA site at http://www.bea.gov/index.htm It has tons of economic information for states and metro areas.