2018 County Population Estimates




Yesterday morning, the Census released the most recent population figures for counties, Metropolitan Statistical Areas and Consolidated Statistical Areas, albeit a full month later than they are normally released. The estimates cover the year from July 1, 2017 to July 1, 2018. For Part 1, we are going to take a look at counties.

Here are Ohio’s 88 counties and their populations for Census 2010, July 1, 2017 and July 1, 2018. The counties highlighted by color are as follows:
Akron Metro Counties
Canton Metro Counties
Cincinnati Metro Counties (Ohio Only)
Cleveland Metro Counties
Columbus Metro Counties
Dayton Metro Counties
Toledo Metro Counties
Youngstown Metro Counties
Black are non-metro counties.

Census 2010——————————July 1, 2017————————-July 1, 2018
1. Cuyahoga: 1,280,122——–1. Franklin: 1,295,706——————1. Franklin: 1,310,300
2. Franklin: 1,163,414———–2. Cuyahoga: 1,248,371————2. Cuyahoga: 1,243,857
3. Hamilton: 802,374————-3. Hamilton: 814,671——————-3. Hamilton: 816,684
4. Summit: 541,781————–4. Summit: 541,742———————-4. Summit: 541,918
5. Montgomery: 535,153——–5. Montgomery: 531,669———–5. Montgomery: 532,331
6. Lucas: 441,815—————–6. Lucas: 431,033———————–6. Lucas: 429,899
7. Stark: 375,586——————7. Butler: 380,843———————–7. Butler: 382,378
8. Butler: 368,130—————–8. Stark: 372,077————————8. Stark: 371,574
9. Lorain: 301,356—————-9. Lorain: 307,622———————–9. Lorain: 309,461
10. Mahoning: 238,823———10. Lake: 230,370————————10. Warren: 232,173
11. Lake: 230,041—————-11. Mahoning: 230,010——————11. Lake: 230,514
12. Warren: 212,693————-12. Warren: 228,859——————12. Mahoning: 229,642
13. Trumbull: 210,312———–13. Clermont: 204,171—————–13. Clermont: 205,466
14. Clermont: 197,363———–14. Delaware: 200,542—————14. Delaware: 204,826
15. Delaware: 174,214———–15. Trumbull: 200,314—————-15. Trumbull: 198,627
16. Medina: 172,332————–16. Medina: 178,240——————16. Medina: 179,146
17. Licking: 166,492—————17. Licking: 173,670——————17. Licking: 175,769
18. Greene: 161,573————–18. Greene: 166,779——————18. Greene: 167,995
19. Portage: 161,419————–19. Portage: 162,625—————–19. Portage: 162,927
20. Fairfield: 146,156————–20. Fairfield: 154,557—————-20. Fairfield: 155,782
21. Clark: 138,333——————21. Clark: 134,649——————–21. Clark: 134,585
22. Wood: 125,488—————–22. Wood: 130,532——————-22. Wood: 130,696
23. Richland: 124,475————-23. Richland: 120,543—————23. Richland: 121,099
24. Wayne: 114,520—————-24. Wayne: 116,247—————–24. Wayne: 115,967
25. Columbiana: 107,841———25. Miami: 105,265——————25. Miami: 106,222
26. Allen: 106,331—————26. Columbiana: 103,149———-26. Columbiana: 102,665
27. Miami: 102,506—————–27. Allen: 103,069——————-27. Allen: 102,663
28. Ashtabula: 101,497————28. Ashtabula: 97,692————-28. Ashtabula: 97,493
29. Geauga: 93,389—————-29. Geauga: 93,946—————-29. Geauga: 94,031
30. Tuscarawas: 92,582———–30. Tuscarawas: 92,411———-30. Tuscarawas: 92,176
31. Muskingum: 86,074————31. Muskingum: 86,148———-31. Muskingum: 86,183
32. Scioto: 79,499——————-32. Ross: 77,320——————-32. Ross: 76,931
33. Ross: 78,064——————–33. Scioto: 75,898——————33. Hancock: 75,930
34. Erie: 77,079———————-34. Hancock: 75,869————–34. Scioto: 75,502
35. Hancock: 74,782—————35. Erie: 74,857———————35. Erie: 74,615
36. Belmont: 70,400—————-36. Belmont: 67,958—————36. Belmont: 67,505
37. Jefferson: 69,709—————37. Athens: 66,664—————–37. Athens: 65,818
38. Marion: 66,501——————38. Jefferson: 66,366————–38. Jefferson: 65,767
39. Athens: 64,757——————39. Marion: 64,941—————–39. Marion: 65,256
40. Lawrence: 62,450—————40. Knox: 61,303——————-40. Knox: 61,893
41. Washington: 61,778———–41. Washington: 60,462———-41. Washington: 60,155
42. Sandusky: 60,944—————42. Lawrence: 60,111————42. Lawrence: 59,866
43. Knox: 60,921———————43. Sandusky: 59,112————-43. Sandusky: 58,799
44. Huron: 59,626——————–44. Huron: 58,462—————–44. Huron: 58,504
45. Seneca: 56,745——————45. Pickaway: 57,762————-45. Pickaway: 58,086
46. Pickaway: 55,698—————-46. Union: 56,797—————–46. Union: 57,835
47. Ashland: 53,139——————47. Seneca: 55,281—————47. Seneca: 55,207
48. Darke: 52,959———————48. Ashland: 53,685————–48. Ashland: 53,745
49. Union: 52,300———————-49. Darke: 51,577—————-49. Darke: 51,323
50. Shelby: 49,423——————–50. Shelby: 48,703—————-50. Shelby: 48,627
51. Auglaize: 45,949—————–51. Auglaize: 45,791————–51. Auglaize: 45,804
52. Logan: 45,858——————–52. Logan: 45,282—————–52. Logan: 45,358
53. Brown: 44,846——————–53. Madison: 44,047————–53. Madison: 44,413
54. Crawford: 43,784—————-54. Holmes: 43,887—————-54. Holmes: 43,892
55. Highland: 43,589—————–55. Brown: 43,530—————–55. Brown: 43,602
56. Madison: 43,435—————–56. Highland: 42,933————–56. Highland: 43,058
57. Fulton: 42,698——————–57. Fulton: 42,265——————57. Fulton: 42,276
58. Holmes: 42,366——————58. Clinton: 41,966—————–58. Clinton: 42,057
59. Preble: 42,270——————-59. Crawford: 41,741—————59. Crawford: 41,550
60. Clinton: 42,040——————-60. Preble: 41,114——————60. Preble: 40,997
61. Ottawa: 41,428——————-61. Mercer: 40,910—————–61. Mercer: 40,959
62. Mercer: 40,814——————-62. Ottawa: 40,632—————–62. Ottawa: 40,769
63. Champaign: 40,097—————-63. Guernsey: 39,071———–63. Guernsey: 39,022
64. Guernsey: 40,087—————–64. Champaign: 38,824——–64. Champaign: 38,754
65. Defiance: 39,037—————–65. Defiance: 38,224—————65. Defiance: 38,165
66. Williams: 37,642—————–66. Williams: 36,746—————66. Williams: 36,804
67. Coshocton: 36,901—————-67. Coshocton: 36,516———-67. Coshocton: 36,629
68. Perry: 36,058——————–68. Perry: 35,994——————68. Perry: 36,033
69. Morrow: 34,827——————-69. Morrow: 34,943—————–69. Morrow: 35,112
70. Putnam: 34,499——————-70. Putnam: 33,854—————–70. Putnam: 33,780
71. Jackson: 33,225——————71. Jackson: 32,385—————-71. Jackson: 32,384
72. Hardin: 32,058——————-72. Hardin: 31,406—————–72. Hardin: 31,480
73. Gallia: 30,934——————-73. Gallia: 30,143—————–73. Gallia: 29,979
74. Hocking: 29,380——————74. Fayette: 28,655—————-74. Fayette: 28,666
75. Fayette: 29,030——————75. Hocking: 28,457—————-75. Hocking: 28,385
76. Carroll: 28,836——————76. Van Wert: 28,291—————76. Van Wert: 28,281
77. Van Wert: 28,744—————–77. Pike: 28,227——————-77. Pike: 28,067
78. Pike: 28,709———————78. Adams: 27,805——————78. Adams: 27,724
79. Adams: 28,550——————–79. Carroll: 27,341—————-79. Henry: 27,086
80. Henry: 28,215——————–80. Henry: 27,163——————80. Carroll: 27,081
81. Meigs: 23,770——————–81. Meigs: 23,081——————81. Meigs: 23,106
82. Wyandot: 22,615——————82. Wyandot: 22,064————82. Wyandot: 21,935
83. Paulding: 19,614—————–83. Paulding: 18,838—————83. Paulding: 18,760
84. Harrison: 15,864—————–84. Harrison: 15,210—————84. Harrison: 15,174
85. Morgan: 15,054——————-85. Morgan: 14,683—————–85. Morgan: 14,604
86. Noble: 14,645——————–86. Noble: 14,411——————86. Noble: 14,354
87. Monroe: 14,642——————-87. Monroe: 13,950—————–87. Monroe: 13,790
88. Vinton: 13,435——————-88. Vinton: 13,101—————–88. Vinton: 13,139

Total Population Change
2010-2018————————————————2017-2018
1. Franklin: +146,768—————————–1. Franklin: +14,594
2. Delaware: +30,654—————————–2. Delaware: +4,284
3. Warren: +19,353——————————-3. Warren: +3,314
4. Hamilton: +14,312—————————–4. Licking: +2,099
5. Butler: +14,243———————————5. Hamilton: +2,013
6. Fairfield: +9,600——————————–6. Lorain: +1,839
7. Licking: +9,287———————————-7. Butler: +1,535
8. Clermont: +8,101——————————-8. Clermont: +1,295
9. Lorain: +8,090———————————–9. Fairfield: +1,225
10. Medina: 6,813———————————10. Greene: +1,216
11. Greene: +6,419——————————-11. Union: +1,038
12. Union: +5,555———————————12. Miami: +957
13. Wood: +5,207———————————13. Medina: +906
14. Miami: +3,721———————————14. Montgomery: +662
15. Pickaway: +2,406—————————–15. Knox: +590
16. Holmes: +1,529——————————-16. Richland: +556
17. Portage: +1,502——————————-17. Madison: +366
18. Wayne: +1,451——————————–18. Pickaway: +324
19. Hancock: +1,141——————————19. Marion: +315
20. Athens: +1,054——————————–20. Portage: +302
21. Madison: +975———————————21. Summit: +176
22. Knox: +961————————————-22. Morrow: +169
23. Geauga: +622———————————23. Wood: +164
24. Ashland: +605———————————24. Lake: +144
25. Lake: +464————————————-25. Ottawa: +137
26. Morrow: +283———————————26. Highland: +125
27. Mercer: +145———————————-27. Coshocton: +113
28. Summit: +140———————————28. Clinton: +91
29. Muskingum: +97—————————–29. Geauga: +85
30. Clinton: +22———————————–30. Logan: +76
31. Perry: -6—————————————-31. Hardin: +74
32. Auglaize: -145———————————32. Brown: +72
33. Coshocton: -269——————————33. Hancock: +61
34. Vinton: -291————————————34. Ashland: +60
35. Noble: -302————————————-35. Williams: +58
36. Fayette: -369———————————-36. Mercer: +49
37. Tuscarawas: -411—————————–37. Huron: +42
38. Fulton: -422————————————38. Perry: +39
39. Morgan: -449———————————-39. Vinton: +38
40. Van Wert: -478——————————–40. Muskingum: +35
41. Logan: -493————————————41. Meigs: +25
42. Highland: -544——————————–42. Auglaize: +13
43. Hardin: -580———————————–43. Fayette: +11
44. Pike: -638————————————–44. Fulton: +11
45. Meigs: -661————————————45. Holmes: +5
46. Ottawa: -664———————————-46. Jackson: -1
47. Wyandot: -682——————————–47. Van Wert: -10
48. Harrison: -686——————————–48. Harrison: -36
49. Putnam: -716———————————49. Guernsey: -49
50. Shelby: -791———————————-50. Noble: -57
51. Adams: -835———————————-51. Defiance: -59
52. Jackson: -841———————————52. Clark: -64
53. Monroe: -841———————————-53. Champaign: -70
54. Williams: -844——————————–54. Hocking: -72
55. Paulding: -850——————————–55. Putnam: -74
56. Defiance: -865——————————–56. Seneca: -74
57. Gallia: -963————————————57. Shelby: -76
58. Hocking: -988———————————58. Henry: -77
59. Guernsey: -1,069—————————-59. Paulding: -78
60. Huron: -1,119———————————60. Morgan: -79
61. Henry: -1,129———————————61. Adams: -81
62. Ross: -1,147———————————-62. Preble: -117
63. Brown: -1,226——————————–63. Wyandot: -129
64. Marion: -1,245——————————-64. Monroe: -160
65. Preble: -1,261——————————–65. Pike: -160
66. Champaign: -1,345————————-66. Gallia: -164
67. Seneca: -1,535——————————67. Crawford: -191
68. Washington: -1,626————————68. Ashtabula: -199
69. Darke: -1,646——————————–69. Tuscarawas: -235
70. Carroll: -1,754——————————-70. Erie: -242
71. Sandusky: -2,147—————————71. Lawrence: -245
72. Crawford: -2,233—————————-72. Darke: -254
73. Erie: -2,451———————————–73. Carroll: -260
74. Lawrence: -2,582—————————74. Wayne: -280
75. Montgomery: -2,860———————–75. Washington: -307
76. Belmont: -2,900—————————-76. Sandusky: -313
77. Richland: -3,375—————————77. Mahoning: -368
78. Allen: -3,652——————————–78. Ross: -389
79. Clark: -3,756——————————–79. Scioto: -396
80. Jefferson: -3,944—————————80. Allen: -405
81. Scioto: -3,991——————————-81. Belmont: -451
82. Ashtabula: -3,997————————–82. Columbiana: -484
83. Stark: -4,016——————————–83. Stark: -503
84. Columbiana: -5,187———————–84. Jefferson: -599
85. Mahoning: -9,146————————–85. Athens: -846
86. Trumbull: -11,698————————–86. Lucas: -1,134
87. Lucas: -11,916—————————–87. Trumbull: -1,687
88. Cuyahoga: -36,258———————–88. Cuyahoga: -4,514

While Franklin County is still the number 1 growth county in the state, it’s total growth was estimated to have slowed down significantly from other years this decade. This is very likely false, for reasons explained below.

Components of County Population Change

Top 20 Counties with the Most Births
2010-2018————————————————-2017-2018
1. Franklin: +153,483———————————-1. Franklin: +18,799
2. Cuyahoga: +122,180——————————-2. Cuyahoga: +14,287
3. Hamilton: +89,630———————————-3. Hamilton: +10,603
4. Montgomery: +54,914—————————–4. Montgomery: +6,551
5. Summit: +49,974———————————–5. Summit: +5,842
6. Lucas: +46,264————————————-6. Lucas: +5,370
7. Butler: +37,216————————————-7. Butler: +4,399
8. Stark: +34,138————————————–8. Stark: +4,016
9. Lorain: +27,575————————————-9. Lorain: +3,183
10. Mahoning: +19,818——————————10. Mahoning: +2,426
11. Warren: +19,773———————————-11. Warren: +2,312
12. Clermont: +19,253——————————–12. Clermont: +2,262
13. Lake: +18,571————————————-13. Lake: +2,165
14. Delaware: +17,685——————————-14. Delaware: +2,054
15. Trumbull: +17,221——————————–15. Trumbull: +2,040
16. Licking: +16,254———————————-16. Licking: +1,976
17. Greene: +14,728———————————-17. Greene: +1,753
18. Medina: +14,581———————————-18. Medina: +1,752
19. Fairfield: +13,873———————————19. Fairfield: +1,704
20. Clark: +13,123————————————-20. Clark: +1,534

Top 20 Counties with the Most Deaths
2010-2018———————————————–2017-2018
1. Cuyahoga: -112,767—————————–1. Cuyahoga: -13,658
2. Franklin: -75,442———————————-2. Franklin: -9,918
3. Hamilton: -64,407——————————–3. Hamilton: -8,002
4. Montgomery: -48,801—————————4. Montgomery: -6,034
5. Summit: -46,819———————————5. Summit: -5,795
6. Lucas: -36,253————————————6. Lucas: -4,422
7. Stark: -33,961————————————-7. Stark: -4,135
8. Butler: -26,244————————————8. Butler: -3,457
9. Mahoning: -24,941——————————-9. Lorain: -3,054
10. Lorain :-24,500———————————-10. Mahoning: -2,891
11. Trumbull: -20,862——————————-11. Trumbull: -2,515
12. Lake: -19,886————————————12. Lake: -2,508
13. Clark: -14,039————————————13. Warren: -1,834
14. Clermont: -13,810——————————-14. Clermont: -1,792
15. Warren: -13,260———————————15. Clark: -1,675
16. Licking: -12,788———————————-16. Licking: -1,637
17. Medina: -11,745———————————-17. Medina: -1,517
18. Portage: -11,552———————————18. Greene: -1,466
19. Greene: -11,413———————————19. Portage: -1,434
20. Richland: -11,405——————————–20. Richland:: -1,406

Top 20 Counties with the Most Natural Growth (Births vs. Deaths)
2010-2018———————————————–2017-2018
1. Franklin +78,041———————————-1. Franklin: +8,881
2. Hamilton: +25,223——————————–2. Hamilton: +2,601
3. Butler: +10,972————————————3. Lucas: +948
4. Lucas: +10,011————————————4. Butler: +942
5. Cuyahoga: +9,413——————————–5. Delaware: +879
6. Delaware: +9,199———————————6. Cuyahoga :+629
7. Warren: +6,513————————————7. Montgomery: +517
8. Montgomery: +6,113—————————–8. Warren: +478
9. Clermont: +5,443———————————9. Clermont: +470
10. Fairfield: +3,776———————————10. Holmes: +383
11. Holmes: +3,713———————————-11. Wayne: +357
12. Wayne: +3,668———————————-12. Fairfield: +345
13. Licking: +3,466———————————–13. Licking: +339
14. Greene: +3,315———————————-14. Union: +299
15. Summit: +3,155———————————-15. Greene: +287
16. Lorain: +3,075————————————16. Wood: +277
17. Medina: +2,836———————————-17. Medina: +235
18. Wood: +2,512————————————-18. Mercer: +230
19. Union: +2,312————————————-19. Hancock: +173
20. Hancock: +1,526———————————20. Miami and Shelby: +151

Natural growth continues to be strong in Franklin County, and the 2017-2018 number is higher than the yearly average this decade.

Top 20 Counties with the Most Domestic Migration
2010-2018——————————————–2017-2018

1. Delaware: +18,783—————————1. Delaware: +3,111
2. Franklin: +18,156—————————–2. Warren: +2,470
3. Warren: +9,444——————————–3. Licking: +1,677
4. Licking: +5,040——————————–4. Lorain: +972
5. Fairfield: +4,786——————————-5. Fairfield: +785
6. Medina: +3,535——————————–6. Clermont: +746
7. Union: +2,613———————————-7. Miami: +735
8. Clermont: +2,120—————————–8. Union: +666
9. Miami: +2,030———————————9. Medina: +642
10. Pickaway: +1,833————————–10. Richland: +630
11. Wood: +1,175——————————–11. Greene: +603
12. Lorain: +705———————————12. Knox: +490
13. Ottawa: +560——————————–13. Pickaway: +349
14. Madison: +479——————————14. Ottawa: +335
15. Knox: +48————————————-15. Madison: +311
16. Morrow: -189———————————16. Marion: +303
17. Morgan: -241———————————17. Morrow: +144
18. Vinton: -315———————————–18. Brown: +111
19. Harrison: -329——————————–19. Highland: +88
20. Fayette: -340———————————-20. Lake: +83

Domestic migration is where the growth rate of Franklin County was most affected in the estimates. In 2016-2017, domestic migration was estimated to be nearly 6,000, but in 2017-2018, at -213. There is no real explanation for this, and is entirely unrealistic. Franklin County has been gradually improving its domestic migration numbers for the last 20 or so years, and has been positive for the better part of a decade, with 2016-2017 being the highest. There is no logical reason why domestic migration would suddenly collapse from the highest in decades to a negative, especially in light over overall historically high growth rates and its increasing attraction to the rest of the country. I suspect this is merely a year that the Census used to adjust where they think overall domestic migration is for the decade and not any true representation of actual domestic migration. There is little doubt that domestic migration was positive last year. In any event, this is why the overall county growth was off by a good 3K-5K from all other years this decade.

Top 20 Counties with the Most International Migration
2010-2018——————————————–2017-2018

1. Franklin: +50,857—————————–1. Franklin: +5,967
2. Cuyahoga: +29,042————————–2. Cuyahoga: +3,846
3. Hamilton: +17,330—————————-3. Hamilton: +2,062
4. Summit: +8,869——————————-4. Summit: +1,047
5. Montgomery: +8,740————————-5. Montgomery: +938
6. Butler: +6,304———————————-6. Lorain: +760
7. Lorain: +4,561———————————-7. Butler: +721
8. Portage: +4,239——————————-8. Portage: +524
9. Greene: +3,950——————————–9. Lucas: +478
10. Lucas: +3,930——————————–10. Mahoning: +466
11. Warren: +3,586——————————-11. Lake: +418
12. Lake: +2,592———————————-12. Warren: +376
13. Mahoning: +2,591—————————-13. Greene: +341
14. Delaware: +2,584—————————-14. Delaware: +290
15. Athens: +2,426——————————–15. Athens: +251
16. Wood: +1,517———————————-16. Wood: +161
17. Fairfield: +1,155——————————-17. Hancock: +131
18. Stark: +1,113———————————–18. Fairfield: +113
19. Hancock: +1,053——————————19. Wayne: +110
20. Wayne: +966———————————–20. Stark: +108

Top 20 Counties with the Most Migration
2010-2018—————————————–2017-2018

1. Franklin: +69,013————————–1. Franklin: +5,754
2. Delaware: +21,367————————2. Delaware: +3,401
3. Warren: +13,030—————————3. Warren: +2,846
4. Licking: +5,973—————————–4. Licking: +1,765
5. Fairfield: +5,941—————————-5. Lorain: +1,732
6. Lorain: +5,266——————————6. Greene: +944
7. Medina: +4,140—————————–7. Fairfield: +898
8. Butler: +3,494——————————-8. Clermont: +833
9. Union: +3,245——————————-9. Miami: +813
10. Greene: +3,132————————–10. Union: +741
11. Clermont: +2,844————————11. Medina: +685
12. Miami: +2,699—————————-12. Richland: +665
13. Wood: +2,692—————————–13. Butler: +608
14. Lake: +1,979——————————14. Lake: +501
15. Pickaway: +1,921————————15. Knox: +484
16. Portage: +1,280—————————16. Portage: +371
17. Madison: +836—————————–17. Pickaway: +358
18. Ottawa: +552——————————-18. Madison: +354
19. Athens: +504——————————-19. Ottawa: +330
20. Ashland: +132—————————–20. Marion: +307

Overall, Franklin County is still in line to reach a population of around 1.35 to 1.36 million in 2020.




Where Columbus’ Foreign-Born Population Originates





Columbus has a growing and diversifying foreign-born population these days. As of 2017, they made up 12% of the city’s population, the highest in more than 100 years. I’ve looked at such numbers before, but I wanted to update for the most recent available numbers.

Top 25 Origin Nations for the Existing Foreign-Born Population
2010—————————————2017
1. Mexico: 13620———————1. Mexico: 12214
2. India: 7790————————–2. India: 10095
3. Somalia: 6799———————3. Somalia: 8143
4. China: 3881————————-4. China: 6475
5. Ghana: 2381————————5. Ghana: 5229
6. Korea: 2246————————-6. Ethiopia: 2428
7. El Salvador: 1542—————–7. Kenya: 2131
8. Japan: 1518————————8. El Salvador: 2057
9. Vietnam: 1496———————-9. Vietnam: 1992
10. Ethiopia: 1457——————-10. Nepal: 1914
11. Kenya: 1391———————-11. Korea: 1564
12. Sierra Leone: 1222————-12. Iraq: 1407
13. Haiti: 1091————————13. Sierra Leone: 1399
14. Canada: 1086——————–14. Dominican Republic: 1292
15. Philippines: 1054—————-15. Japan: 1292
16. Germany: 1017——————-16. Cambodia: 1165
17. United Kingdom: 970———–17. Russia: 1142
18. Cambodia: 962——————-18. Philippines: 1135
19. Taiwan: 940———————–19. Morocco: 1134
20. Liberia: 852———————–20. Nigeria: 1029
21. Guatemala: 832——————21. Cameroon: 1018
22. Dominican Republic: 804——22. Taiwan: 982
23. Russia: 800———————–23. United Kingdom: 951
24. Ukraine: 716———————-24. Ukraine: 868
25. Nigeria: 701———————–25. Pakistan: 861

Since 2010, there has been somewhat of a shift away from Europe and Latin America, and more and more into Asia and Africa.

Here were the 10 biggest gainers and losers 2010-2017
Gainers————————————-Losers
1. Ghana: 2848———————-1. Mexico: -1406
2. China: 2594———————–2. Korea: -682
3. India: 2105————————3. Haiti: -647
4. Nepal: 1766———————–4. Germany: -280
5. Somalia: 1344——————–5. Liberia: -268
6. Iraq: 1108————————–6. Belarus: -228
7. Ethiopia: 971———————-7. Canada: -247
8. Morocco: 873———————8. Japan: -226
9. Cameroon: 819——————9. Bosnia/Herzegovina: -215
10. Kenya: 740———————-10. Guatemala: -210

Keep in mind that these are just estimates and can therefore have wide margins of error.

The Recovery of Downtown vs Cleveland and Cincinnati Part #2- Update




Part #2 looks more specifically at the Downtown area of the 3-Cs.

**Updated with 2017 data.

First, let’s look at the total Downtown populations since 1950.

This graph, I think, will surprise most people. The first surprise is that downtown populations in 1950 were not nearly as high as most would have you believe. Cincinnati did have almost 22K people there, but even a city like Cleveland had less than 10K, and that was during the absolute peak of its city population. Another surprise is that Columbus was not always the lowest populated downtown and was more populated than Cleveland’s in 1950. Finally, the last surprise is that while all the downtowns are now growing, Columbus has regained 2nd place and Cleveland has seen the most growth so far.

What about tract trends for the downtowns? Well first, here are the population trends for each downtown.



Individual census tract population figures are based on the latest Census estimates for 2017. They are most likely too low or too high in some cases. For example, the city of Columbus estimates the current Downtown population FAR HIGHER than what the Census has them, and the significant drop in one of Cincinnati’s tracts is most likely incorrect. However, because the Census numbers are considered to be the most official, that’s what I’m using. Still, I expect wide differences when the physical counts come out for 2020.

Here is the total population change by Downtown.

Finally, I wanted to look at more of the downtown area than just the central business district. “Downtown” for many includes more areas than that and may be a “Greater Downtown Area”, the measurement between the full 1950 boundaries and just the CBD.

Here are the tracts I considered to be the Greater Downtown area for each city.

Cincinnati: 2, 7, 9, 10, 11, 263, 264, 265, 268
Cleveland: 1033, 1036, 1042, 1071, 1077, 1078, 1082, 1083, 1084
Columbus: 21, 22, 29, 30, 32, 36, 38, 40, 42, 52, 53, 57

And the graph for the population of these tracts since 1950 through 2017.

Cincinnati reached it’s lowest population for the past 60 years for this area in 2000 and has grown since. Cleveland’s greater downtown had bottomed out in 1990 and had the fasted growth during the 2000s, although that seems to have slowed some since 2010. Columbus managed to maintain the highest population in its greater downtown, bottomed out in 2000 and has grown since.

All this shows is that the Downtown, and the surrounding areas, are seeing a resurgence in the 3-Cs for the most part.




The Recovery of Downtown vs Cleveland and Cincinnati Part #1- Update




**Updated and reposted from last year.

Columbus’ downtown has seen many many changes, especially over the last decade. Developments like the Arena District, Columbus Commons, the Scioto Mile and more have brought new life to the area. Dozens of new restaurants and shops have opened in recent years, with more on the way. Larger developments coming up include the redevelopment of the Scioto Peninsula, Confluence Village- complete with a new Crew Stadium- and at least 3 new mixed-use towers. All of this has led to rising population, with estimates population by the city near 9,000. So the question I was wondering is how has population been changing not only in Columbus’ downtown, but in comparison to Cleveland and Cincinnati. Both of those cities have also seen major projects in their downtown cores and are seeing an uptick in their downtown populations.

First, I examined the 1950 city limits for all three cities. This was the last census year before sprawl really took hold and changed the city dynamics and growth patterns. 1950 is also when most cities in Ohio reached their peak urban population, so I thought it would be interesting to see how those old boundaries had changed over the years. I went to the US census website and began to look up all the census tracts that existed in each city in 1950. Those would represent my base area that I would use to see the changes in the city core. All of the 3-Cs have grown beyond those 1950 boundaries, especially Columbus, but these areas were the hardest hit when the urban decline came the last 50-60 years as the suburbs grew. Looking at how these areas changed is both sobering and perhaps hopeful as well.

All 3-Cs saw population decline between 1950 and 2010. Columbus’ decline which much less severe than the other 2, but it followed the same general trends. Since 2010, both Cincinnati and Columbus have seen growth within the 1950 boundary.

1950 Boundary Population Change 1950-2017
Cincinnati: -223,097
Cleveland: -539,907
Columbus: -134,562

1950 Boundary Population Change 2010-2017
Cincinnati: +2,392
Cleveland: -6,000
Columbus: +6,566

1950 Boundary Population % Change 1950-2017
Cincinnati: -44.3%
Cleveland: -59.0%
Columbus: -35.8%

1950 Boundary Population % Change 2010-2017
Cincinnati: +0.9%
Cleveland: -1.6%
Columbus: +2.8%

In Cleveland, the rate of loss had gradually been slowing down since the 1970s, but suddenly skyrocketed again in the 2000s. I’m not sure what exactly caused this. The double recessions made it more difficult for people to move, so if anything, the losses should’ve not accelerated. Cleveland lost over 90,000 people in its urban core from 2000-2010, the highest lost by % and total of any Ohio city, and one of the highest in the country.
In Cincinnati, population loss had peaked in the 1970s and the rate of loss fell substantially the following decade. However, the past 2 decades have actually seen a gradual acceleration of losses. The 2000-2010 period saw the second biggest total loss for the urban core, but there has been a significant turnaround (if estimates are correct) and the city is seeing growth now.
For Columbus, it’s been the opposite picture. Like the other 2-Cs, losses peaked in the 1970s. Since then, the urban core losses have been in gradual decline. The 2000-2010 period had the smallest rate and total loss of any decade the past 65+ years, and since 2010, there has been net growth.

So interesting results, but these numbers don’t show any trends of what’s going on inside the 1950 boundaries, especially not the relatively small part that would be the downtowns. So let’s break the numbers down a little more to the tract level.

# of Tracts in 1950*
Cincinnat: 107
Cleveland: 201
Columbus: 48

*The number of tracts changed from 1950 on as some were split or consolidated. This made it more complicated, but luckily the Census gives lists on how tracts changed over time, so one can figure out what tract became what and reasonably keep up with the same boundaries that existed in 1950.


So with this breakdown, we can see more of the trends within the 1950 boundaries. In Cincinnati, a long decline was followed by a recovery in 1990, only to have the next 20 years show an increasing decline. The 2010 census showed the fewest number of tracts growing on record. This is the worst performance of the 3-Cs. Cleveland also had a steep decline followed by a recovery, but it too declined more at the last census, but not nearly to the low point it reached in the 1970s and 1980s.

Meanwhile, Columbus also faced an initial steep decline and barely had any tracts growing during the 1970s. Since then, the trend has been up. The 16 growing tracts in 2010 were the highest since the 1940s. This is the best performance of the 3-Cs, and Columbus had the highest % of growing tracts in its core. Still, those 16 represent less than 1/3rd of the total tracts within the 1950 boundaries. However, in the case of all 3 cities, the 2010-2017 has greatly increased the number of growing tracts. This suggest that the urban core of every city has been improving this decade. The more than 68% of all 1950 area tracts growing in 2017 is by far the highest of the 3 cities.
In Part 2, we will look only at the specific downtown areas.




Columbus City Diversity and Comparison to Peers




In the 2nd post related to the recently-released Census demographic data, I’ll look at city diversity and how it’s been changing since 2005.

Rank by City of Total White, non-Hispanic Population by Year
2005————————————–2010————————————-2017

1. Chicago, IL: 819,215————1. Chicago: 853,910—————1. Chicago: 879,334
2. Indianapolis, IN: 491,044——2. Indianapolis: 482,195———–2. Columbus: 490,149
3. Columbus: 442,958————-3. Columbus: 470,971————-3. Indianapolis: 468,665
4. Portland, OR: 382,033———-4. Portland: 417,876—————4. Austin: 453,801
5. San Antonio, TX: 356,420—–5. Austin: 384,065——————5. Portland: 452,132
6. Austin, TX: 347,013————-6. San Antonio: 351,420———6. San Antonio: 375,463
7. Nashville, TN: 314,518——–7. Nashville: 339,030————–7. Nashville: 368,195
8. Charlotte, NC: 302,789——-8. Charlotte: 331,357—————8. Charlotte: 360,270
9. Virginia Beach, VA: 290,891–9. Virginia Beach: 282,812——9. Omaha: 311,349
10. San Jose, CA: 281,822—–10. Las Vegas: 280,604———–10. Las Vegas: 280,201
11. Las Vegas, NV: 281,679—-11. Omaha: 277,606———–11. Virginia Beach: 277,338
12. Omaha, NE: 267,685——–12. San Jose: 265,311————12. Kansas City: 272,548
13. Kansas City, MO: 249,123—13. Kansas City: 247,473——13. San Jose: 267,315
14. Wichita, KS: 245,527———-14. Wichita: 245,146————14. Minneapolis: 252,304
15. Milwaukee, WI: 219,891——15. Minneapolis: 242,848——15. Wichita: 243,143
16. Minneapolis, MN: 216,975—16. Milwaukee: 221,514——–16. Lincoln: 226,297
17. Lincoln, NE: 197,287———-17. Lincoln: 216,076————-17. Milwaukee: 207,043
18. Toledo: 183,746—————-18. Pittsburgh: 203,622———18. Pittsburgh: 196,687
19. Pittsburgh, PA: 180,725——19. Fort Wayne: 179,646——-19. Madison: 187,566
20. Madison, WI: 161,631——–20. Madison: 178,307————20. Fort Wayne: 166,912
21. St. Paul, MN: 161,329——–21. Toledo: 177,341————–21. Toledo: 164,104
22. Sacramento, CA: 160,599—22. Sacramento: 165,610——22. Sacramento: 159,291
23. Fort Wayne, IN: 157,672—–23. St. Paul: 159,704———–23. St. Paul: 152,558
24. Des Moines, IA: 149,786—–24. Des Moines: 145,937——24. Cincinnati: 143,028
25. Cleveland: 147,359———–25. Cincinnati: 143,120———25. Des Moines: 137,235
26. St. Louis, MO: 143,590——26. Cleveland: 137,977———26. St. Louis: 134,471
27. Cincinnati: 138,486———–27. St. Louis: 134,146———–27. Cleveland: 126,714
28. Akron: 128,976—————-28. Akron: 120,800————–28. Grand Rapids: 114,349
29. Grand Rapids, MI: 113,791—29. Grand Rapids: 104,636—29. Akron: 113,951
30. Orlando, FL: 92,326———–30. Orlando: 96,867————-30. Orlando: 95,876
31. Detroit, MI: 77,163————-31. Dayton: 72,663————–31. Dayton: 71,094
32. Dayton: 67,581—————–32. Providence: 64,284——–32. Detroit: 70,931
33. Providence, RI: 64,223——-33. Detroit: 55,298————–33. Providence: 59,321

Columbus moved from 3rd to 2nd over the period.

Rank by City of Total Black, non-Hispanic Population by Year
2005—————————————–2010———————————2017

1. Chicago: 938,097—————–1. Chicago: 895,294———–1. Chicago: 797,253
2. Detroit: 683,999——————–2. Detroit: 587,707————-2. Detroit: 529,593
3. Milwaukee: 222,040————–3. Charlotte: 251,274———-3. Charlotte: 292,104
4. Cleveland: 221,797—————4. Milwaukee: 230,473——–4. Columbus: 248,476
5. Charlotte: 205,216—————-5. Indianapolis: 226,314——-5. Indianapolis: 236,606
6. Indianapolis: 193,948————6. Columbus: 216,486———6. Milwaukee: 228,720
7. Columbus: 179,197—————7. Cleveland: 208,528———7. Cleveland: 186,073
8. St. Louis: 168,768—————-8. Nashville: 171,104———–8. Nashville: 180,830
9. Nashville: 148,051—————-9. St. Louis: 157,382———–9. St. Louis: 143,761
10. Kansas City: 131,694———-10. Kansas City: 138,461—–10. Kansas City: 138,346
11. Cincinnati: 131,010————-11. Cincinnati: 131,909——–11. Cincinnati: 127,589
12. Pittsburgh: 81,758————–12. Virginia Beach: 79,583—-12. San Antonio: 97,925
13. Virginia Beach: 80,004——–13. San Antonio: 79,307——13. Virginia Beach: 82,181
14. Orlando: 73,736—————–14. Toledo: 75,033————-14. Minneapolis: 75,006
15. Toledo: 72,190——————-15. Pittsburgh: 71,539——–15. Toledo: 74,906
16. Sacramento: 71,452————16. Orlando: 70,988————16. Orlando: 72,796
17. San Antonio: 70,723————17. Minneapolis: 63,749——17. Austin: 69,860
18. Dayton: 60,196——————-18. Sacramento: 61,976——18. Sacramento: 67,305
19. Akron: 59,810——————–19. Austin: 61,833————–19. Las Vegas: 65,663
20. Las Vegas: 59,780————–20. Dayton: 61,402————-20. Pittsburgh: 65,268
21. Austin: 59,583——————-21. Akron: 60,653—————-21. Akron: 61,461
22. Minneapolis: 57,499————22. Las Vegas: 60,187———22. Dayton: 57,043
23. Omaha: 50,333——————23. Omaha: 55,086————-23. Omaha: 56,098
24. Grand Rapids: 40,408———24. Wichita: 42,662————-24. St. Paul: 51,737
25. Wichita: 39,165—————–25. Grand Rapids: 41,848—–25. Wichita: 40,756
26. Fort Wayne: 35,221———–26. St. Paul: 41,923————-26. Grand Rapids: 38,130
27. St. Paul: 34,903—————-27. Fort Wayne: 39,016——–27. Fort Wayne: 37,941
28. Portland: 30,828—————28. Portland: 37,355————28. Portland: 34,624
29. San Jose: 27,446————–29. San Jose: 29,831———-29. San Jose: 28,126
30. Providence: 18,794———–30. Des Moines: 19,962——-30. Providence: 27,274
31. Des Moines: 16,709———-31. Providence: 19,265——–31. Des Moines: 22,170
32. Madison: 12,660————–32. Madison: 17,560————32. Madison: 14,185
33. Lincoln: 7,082——————33. Lincoln: 9,023—————33. Lincoln: 11,487

Columbus moved up from 7th to 4th in total Black, non-Hispanic during the period. Surprisingly, quite a few cities have actually been losing this demographic since 2010 at least.

Rank by City of Total Asian, non-Hispanic Population by Year
2005————————————-2010——————————————2017

1. San Jose: 269,186————–1. San Jose: 303,227—————–1. San Jose: 366,134
2. Chicago: 127,686—————-2. Chicago: 148,280——————2. Chicago: 179,176
3. Sacramento: 80,307————3. Sacramento: 84,556————-3. Sacramento: 93,476
4. Portland: 36,278—————–4. Austin: 46,575———————-4. Austin: 71,539
5. Austin: 35,239——————–5. Portland: 43,185——————-5. St. Paul: 61,082
6. St. Paul: 35,184——————6. St. Paul: 41,989——————-6. Charlotte: 55,142
7. Columbus: 27,125—————7. Las Vegas: 37,406—————7. Columbus: 53,027
8. Las Vegas: 25,077————–8. Charlotte: 37,181—————–8. Portland: 52,219
9. Charlotte: 23,356—————-9. Columbus: 35,468—————-9. Las Vegas: 44,735
10. Virginia Beach: 22,501——10. San Antonio: 29,200———–10. San Antonio: 38,119
11. San Antonio: 20,492———11. Virginia Beach: 27,303—–11. Virginia Beach: 29,735
12. Minneapolis: 20,189———12. Milwaukee: 22,670————–12. Minneapolis: 26,833
13. Milwaukee: 19,596———–13. Minneapolis: 21,426————13. Indianapolis: 26,548
14. Nashville: 16,943————-14. Wichita: 19,420——————14. Milwaukee: 25,624
15. Wichita: 15,417—————15. Indianapolis: 17,137————15. Madison: 24,455
16. Madison: 12,708————–16. Nashville: 17,045—————16. Nashville: 24,034
17. Indianapolis: 12,312———17. Madison: 16,671—————-17. Wichita: 19,548
18. Providence: 10,751———-18. Pittsburgh: 12,036————–18. Pittsburgh: 19,357
19. Pittsburgh: 10,727————19. Providence: 11,497————19. Omaha: 17,412
20. Kansas City: 10,674———20. Lincoln: 10,452——————20. Des Moines: 17,143
21. Detroit: 9,577——————21. Kansas City: 10,263———–21. Kansas City: 15,213
22. Des Moines: 8,796———–22. Des Moines: 8,867————-22. Fort Wayne: 14,039
23. Lincoln: 7,513—————–23. St. Louis: 8,717—————–23. Lincoln: 13,992
24. St. Louis: 7,046—————24. Omaha: 8,397——————-24. Orlando: 11,852
25. Omaha: 6,971—————–25. Orlando: 7,870——————25. Detroit: 11,790
26. Cincinnati: 6,874————-26. Fort Wayne: 6,945————–26. St. Louis: 10,404
27. Cleveland: 6,289————27. Detroit: 6,549———————27. Providence: 9,361
28. Orlando: 5,528—————28. Cincinnati: 5,938—————-28. Cleveland: 9,217
29. Fort Wayne: 4,241———-29. Cleveland: 5,392—————-29. Akron: 8,007
30. Toledo: 4,150—————-30. Akron: 4,567———————30. Cincinnati: 7,906
31. Akron: 3,497—————–31. Grand Rapids: 3,695———–31. Grand Rapids: 7,056
32. Grand Rapids: 2,847——32. Toledo: 3,125——————–32. Toledo: 3,679
33. Dayton: 1,827—————33. Dayton: 1,231——————–33. Dayton: 848

Columbus maintained its rank since 2005.

Rank by City of Total Hispanic Population by Year

2005——————————————–2010————————————2017

1. Chicago: 778,234—————1. San Antonio: 853,654———-1. San Antonio: 969,065
2. San Antonio: 735,458———–2. Chicago: 763,968—————2. Chicago: 787,978
3. San Jose: 279,420————–3. San Jose: 318,389————–3. San Jose: 332,603
4. Austin: 223,361——————4. Austin: 288,130——————4. Austin: 324,973
5. Las Vegas: 153,813————5. Las Vegas: 181,923————-5. Las Vegas: 219,220
6. Sacramento: 111,559———6. Sacramento: 124,461———–6. Sacramento: 141,752
7. Milwaukee: 80,945————-7. Milwaukee: 104,619————-7. Milwaukee: 133,812
8. Providence: 60,008————-8. Charlotte: 96,246—————-8. Charlotte: 122,904
9. Charlotte: 58,466—————9. Indianapolis: 78,467————-9. Indianapolis: 93,042
10. Wichita: 49,928—————10. Providence: 76,645————10. Orlando: 86,305
11. Indianapolis: 47,764———11. Nashville: 61,212—————11. Providence: 77,893
12. Detroit: 46,993—————-12. Wichita: 59,823——————12. Nashville: 69,574
13. Orlando: 43,978————–13. Portland: 58,986—————–13. Wichita: 68,389
14. Portland: 43,324————–14. Orlando: 56,061—————–14. Portland: 67,551
15. Omaha: 39,674—————15. Omaha: 53,661——————15. Omaha: 66,056
16. Nashville: 37,463————-16. Kansas City: 49,800————16. Columbus: 55,782
17. Minneapolis: 37,017———17. Detroit: 45,580——————-17. Detroit: 48,328
18. Kansas City: 35,995———18. Columbus: 43,276————–18. Cleveland: 47,962
19. Grand Rapids: 32,368——19. Cleveland: 36,067————–19. Minneapolis: 46,375
20. Cleveland: 32,085———–20. Minneapolis: 34,504———–20. Kansas City: 45,975
21. Columbus: 24,607———–21. Grand Rapids: 30,659——21. Virginia Beach: 36,723
22. St. Paul: 22,402————–22. Virginia Beach: 29,206—–22. Grand Rapids: 32,016
23. Virginia Beach: 20,803—–23. St. Paul: 28,725————–23. Des Moines: 31,333
24. Des Moines: 18,952——–24. Des Moines: 23,832———-24. St. Paul: 30,007
25. Toledo: 18,404————–25. Toledo: 21,346——————25. Fort Wayne: 24,724
26. Fort Wayne: 16,438——-26. Fort Wayne: 19,576————26. Toledo: 22,796
27. Madison: 11,997———–27. Lincoln: 16,007——————27. Lincoln: 21,921
28. Lincoln: 9,672—————28. Madison: 14,062—————28. Madison: 20,741
29. St. Louis: 8,268————-29. St. Louis: 11,207————–29. St. Louis: 12,447
30. Pittsburgh: 5,018———-30. Cincinnati: 8,710—————30. Cincinnati: 11,787
31. Cincinnati: 3,855———–31. Pittsburgh: 7,282————–31. Pittsburgh: 9,212
32. Akron: 3,485—————-32. Akron: 3,990——————–32. Dayton: 5,765
33. Dayton: 1,693————–33. Dayton: 3,180——————-33. Akron: 5,536

Columbus moved up from 21st to 16th in the total Hispanic population.

Rank by City of Total Other, non-Hispanic Population by Year

2005——————————————-2010—————————————–2017

1. Chicago: 38,694—————1. Chicago: 37,379——————–1. Chicago: 58,721
2. San Jose: 29,456————2. San Jose: 32,439——————–2. Portland: 41,595
3. Sacramento: 21,370———-3. Sacramento: 30,900—————3. San Jose: 41,175
4. Portland: 21,164————–4. Portland: 28,027———————4. Sacramento: 40,066
5. Indianapolis: 20,242———-5. Las Vegas: 24,521—————–5. Columbus: 34,467
6. Columbus: 20,096————-6. Columbus: 23,738—————–6. Indianapolis: 32,525
7. San Antonio: 19,130———-7. San Antonio: 20,778————–7. Las Vegas: 31,889
8. Minneapolis: 18,580———-8. Minneapolis: 20,753————–8. San Antonio: 31,341
9. Detroit: 18,324—————–9. Virginia Beach: 20,268———-9. Austin: 30,541
10. Las Vegas: 18,304———-10. Indianapolis: 20,086———-10. Charlotte: 28,632
11. Virginia Beach: 16,685—-11. Charlotte: 18,360————–11. Virginia Beach: 24,458
12. Milwaukee: 14,476———-12. Detroit: 16,776—————–12. Nashville: 23,334
13. Kansas City: 13,399——–13. Milwaukee: 16,311———–13. Minneapolis: 21,808
14. Austin: 13,261—————-14. Wichita: 16,091—————14. Milwaukee: 20,166
15. Charlotte: 11,771————-15. Omaha: 15,519————–15. Wichita: 18,763
16. Wichita: 11,545—————16. Austin: 14,915—————-16. Kansas City: 16,743
17. Omaha: 8,552—————–17. Kansas City: 14,668——–17. Omaha: 15,988
18. St. Paul: 7,741—————-18. Nashville: 14,227————18. Cleveland: 15,586
19. Toledo: 7,447—————–19. St. Paul: 13,098————–19. Orlando: 13,429
20. Cincinnati: 7,315————-20. Pittsburgh: 11,280———–20. Detroit: 12,461
21. Cleveland: 7,004————-21. Toledo: 10,134—————21. Pittsburgh: 11,890
22. Providence: 6,488———–22. Akron: 9,020——————22. St. Paul: 11,220
23. Pittsburgh: 6,138————23. Fort Wayne: 8,513———–23. Fort Wayne: 11,180
24. St. Louis: 6,058————–24. Cleveland: 8,276————-24. Lincoln: 11,037
25. Fort Wayne: 5,774———-25. St. Louis: 7,704————–25. Toledo: 11,009
26. Orlando: 5,731—————26. Lincoln: 7,483—————-26. Cincinnati: 10,995
27. Nashville: 5,687————-27. Grand Rapids: 7,376——–27. Des Moines: 9,627
28. Madison: 4,708————–28. Orlando: 7,251—————28. Akron: 8,894
29. Lincoln: 4,508—————-29. Cincinnati: 7,230————29. Madison: 8,292
30. Akron: 4,431—————–30. Madison: 7,177————–30. St. Louis: 7,543
31. Grand Rapids: 4,154——31. Providence: 6,471———–31. Grand Rapids: 7,260
32. Des Moines: 2,674———32. Des Moines: 5,598———-32. Providence: 6,539
33. Dayton: 1,382—————33. Dayton: 3,025—————-33. Dayton: 5,629

Finally, Columbus moved up from 6th to 5th in the total of Other, non-Hispanic population. Overall, Columbus ranks fairly well in totals vs. its peers, as one might expect given that it is one of the largest cities in the grouping. However, to truly find out how it compares with these other cities, you have to look at percentages, which tells how much of the city’s population is made up of each group.


Columbus ranks in the middle of the pack for its % of Non-Hispanic White population. Like in most cities, even while this demographic is growing in total numbers in Columbus, the % of total population continues to fall.


Columbus ranked in the top 3rd of peer cities for its % of Non-Hispanic Black population.


Columbus also ranked in the top 3rd for its Non-Hispanic Asian population.


Columbus ranks poorly with Hispanics in the group, ranking near the bottom.


Finally, Columbus ranks in the middle for its Non-Hispanic Other population.

So what’s the final ranking for where Columbus is with diversity compared to its peers in 2017? To find out, I assigned points based on ranked position in each 5 racial categories and took the average of the positions in each 5. The result is that the higher the average number, the lower the overall diversity.

So based on this, Columbus ranks in the top half of national and Midwest peers for diversity.

*Note: Normally, Youngstown would be included, but the data was not available.