Columbus City Diversity and Peer Comparison




In the 2nd post related to the recently-released Census demographic data, I’ll look at city diversity and how it’s been changing since 2005.

Rank by City of Total White, non-Hispanic Population by Year
2005————————————–2010————————————-2015

1. Chicago, IL: 819,215————1. Chicago: 853,910—————1. Chicago: 879,318
2. Indianapolis, IN: 491,044——2. Indianapolis: 482,195———–2. Columbus: 491,602
3. Columbus: 442,958————-3. Columbus: 470,971————-3. Indianapolis: 479,376
4. Portland, OR: 382,033———-4. Portland: 417,876—————4. Portland: 449,552
5. San Antonio, TX: 356,420—–5. Austin: 384,065——————5. Austin: 444,638
6. Austin, TX: 347,013————-6. San Antonio: 351,420———-6. Nashville: 365,542
7. Nashville, TN: 314,518——–7. Nashville: 339,030————–7. San Antonio: 364,707
8. Charlotte, NC: 302,789——-8. Charlotte: 331,357—————8. Charlotte: 356,507
9. Virginia Beach, VA: 290,891–9. Virginia Beach: 282,812——9. Omaha: 293,631
10. San Jose, CA: 281,822—–10. Las Vegas: 280,604——-10. Virginia Beach: 281,686
11. Las Vegas, NV: 281,679—-11. Omaha: 277,606————–11. Las Vegas: 278,444
12. Omaha, NE: 267,685——–12. San Jose: 265,311————12. San Jose: 268,948
13. Kansas City, MO: 249,123—13. Kansas City: 247,473——13. Kansas City: 261,360
14. Milwaukee, WI: 219,891——14. Minneapolis: 242,848——14. Minneapolis: 243,709
15. Minneapolis, MN: 216,975—-15. Milwaukee: 221,514——-15. Milwaukee: 216,755
16. Toledo: 183,746—————–16. Pittsburgh: 203,622——–16. Pittsburgh: 192,187
17. Pittsburgh, PA: 180,725——-17. Toledo: 177,341————17. Toledo: 164,305
18. Sacramento, CA: 160,599—-18. Sacramento: 165,610—–18. Sacramento: 155,784
19. Cleveland: 147,359————19. Cincinnati: 143,120——–19. Cincinnati: 147,360
20. St. Louis, MO: 143,590——–20. Cleveland: 137,977——–20. St. Louis: 138,178
21. Cincinnati: 138,486————-21. St. Louis: 134,146———-21. Cleveland: 133,998
22. Akron: 128,976——————22. Akron: 120,800————22. Grand Rapids: 119,128
23. Grand Rapids, MI: 113,791—23. Grand Rapids: 104,636—-23. Akron: 117,587
24. Orlando, FL: 92,326————24. Orlando: 96,867————24. Orlando: 102,822
25. Detroit, MI: 77,163————–25. Dayton: 72,663————-25. Dayton: 75,539
26. Dayton: 67,581——————26. Providence: 64,284——-26. Detroit: 64,511
27. Providence, RI: 64,223——–27. Detroit: 55,298————-27. Providence: 61,492

Columbus moved from 3rd to 2nd over the 10-year period for total White, non-Hispanic population.

Rank by City of Total Black, non-Hispanic Population by Year
2005—————————————–2010———————————2015

1. Chicago: 938,097—————–1. Chicago: 895,294———–1. Chicago: 834,048
2. Detroit: 683,999——————–2. Detroit: 587,707————-2. Detroit: 536,527
3. Milwaukee: 222,040————–3. Charlotte: 251,274———-3. Charlotte: 282,456
4. Cleveland: 221,797—————4. Milwaukee: 230,473——–4. Indianapolis: 234,338
5. Charlotte: 205,216—————-5. Indianapolis: 226,314——-5. Columbus: 233,320
6. Indianapolis: 193,948————6. Columbus: 216,486———6. Milwaukee: 231,304
7. Columbus: 179,197—————7. Cleveland: 208,528———7. Cleveland: 194,350
8. St. Louis: 168,768—————-8. Nashville: 171,104———–8. Nashville: 178,293
9. Nashville: 148,051—————-9. St. Louis: 157,382———–9. St. Louis: 146,925
10. Kansas City: 131,694———-10. Kansas City: 138,461—–10. Kansas City: 140,515
11. Cincinnati: 131,010————-11. Cincinnati: 131,909——–11. Cincinnati: 125,621
12. Pittsburgh: 81,758————–12. Virginia Beach: 79,583—-12. San Antonio: 98,876
13. Virginia Beach: 80,004——–13. San Antonio: 79,307——13. Virginia Beach: 85,867
14. Orlando: 73,736—————–14. Toledo: 75,033————-14. Minneapolis: 78,861
15. Toledo: 72,190——————-15. Pittsburgh: 71,539——–15. Toledo: 76,173
16. Sacramento: 71,452————16. Orlando: 70,988————16. Pittsburgh: 73,012
17. San Antonio: 70,723————17. Minneapolis: 63,749——17. Las Vegas: 68,777
18. Dayton: 60,196——————-18. Sacramento: 61,976——18. Austin: 68,061
19. Akron: 59,810——————–19. Austin: 61,833————–19. Sacramento: 63,477
20. Las Vegas: 59,780————–20. Dayton: 61,402————-20. Orlando: 61,955
21. Austin: 59,583——————-21. Akron: 60,653—————-21. Akron: 58,716
22. Minneapolis: 57,499————22. Las Vegas: 60,187———22. Omaha: 57,546
23. Omaha: 50,333——————23. Omaha: 55,086————-23. Dayton: 51,896
24. Grand Rapids: 40,408———24. Grand Rapids: 41,848—–24. Portland: 35,362
25. Portland: 30,828—————25. Portland: 37,355————-25. Grand Rapids: 32,423
26. San Jose: 27,446————–26. San Jose: 29,831———–26. San Jose: 30,068
27. Providence: 18,794————27. Providence: 19,265——–27. Providence: 21,484

Columbus moved up from 7th to 5th in total Black, non-Hispanic during the period.

Rank by City of Total Asian, non-Hispanic Population by Year
2005————————————-2010——————————————2015

1. San Jose: 269,186————–1. San Jose: 303,227—————–1. San Jose: 355,777
2. Chicago: 127,686—————-2. Chicago: 148,280——————2. Chicago: 166,771
3. Sacramento: 80,307————3. Sacramento: 84,556————-3. Sacramento: 88,422
4. Portland: 36,278—————–4. Austin: 46,575———————-4. Austin: 69,696
5. Austin: 35,239——————–5. Portland: 43,185——————-5. Charlotte: 50,142
6. Columbus: 27,125—————6. Las Vegas: 37,406—————-6. Portland: 49,811
7. Las Vegas: 25,077————–7. Charlotte: 37,181——————7. Columbus: 42,933
8. Charlotte: 23,356—————-8. Columbus: 35,468—————-8. San Antonio: 41,988
9. Virginia Beach: 22,501———9. San Antonio: 29,200————-9. Las Vegas: 41,782
10. San Antonio: 20,492———10. Virginia Beach: 27,303—–10. Virginia Beach: 28,358
11. Minneapolis: 20,189———-11. Milwaukee: 22,670————11. Minneapolis: 26,958
12. Milwaukee: 19,596————12. Minneapolis: 21,426———–12. Indianapolis: 25,264
13. Nashville: 16,943—————13. Indianapolis: 17,137———-13. Milwaukee: 22,497
14. Indianapolis: 12,312———–14. Nashville: 17,045————–14. Nashville: 20,577
15. Providence: 10,751————15. Pittsburgh: 12,036————-15. Pittsburgh: 18,067
16. Pittsburgh: 10,727————–16. Providence: 11,497———–16. Omaha: 15,243
17. Kansas City: 10,674———-17. Kansas City: 10,263———–17. Kansas City: 13,552
18. Detroit: 9,577——————-18. St. Louis: 8,717—————–18. Providence: 10,842
19. St. Louis: 7,046—————–19. Omaha: 8,397——————19. St. Louis: 8,920
20. Omaha: 6,971——————20. Orlando: 7,870——————20. Detroit: 8,790
21. Cincinnati: 6,874—————21. Detroit: 6,549——————–21. Akron: 8,006
22. Cleveland: 6,289————–22. Cincinnati: 5,938—————–22. Orlando: 7,949
23. Orlando: 5,528—————–23. Cleveland: 5,392—————–23. Cleveland: 7,874
24. Toledo: 4,150——————-24. Akron: 4,567———————-24. Cincinnati: 6,259
25. Akron: 3,497——————–25. Grand Rapids: 3,695———–25. Toledo: 5,008
26. Grand Rapids: 2,847———26. Toledo: 3,125——————-26. Grand Rapids: 4,451
27. Dayton: 1,827——————27. Dayton: 1,231——————-27. Dayton: 1,548

Columbus fell from 6th to 7th in Asian, non-Hispanic population.

Rank by City of Total Hispanic Population by Year
2005——————————————–2010————————————2015

1. Chicago: 778,234—————1. San Antonio: 853,654———-1. San Antonio: 937,607
2. San Antonio: 735,458———–2. Chicago: 763,968—————2. Chicago: 787,725
3. San Jose: 279,420————–3. San Jose: 318,389————–3. San Jose: 331,232
4. Austin: 223,361——————4. Austin: 288,130——————4. Austin: 327,680
5. Las Vegas: 153,813————5. Las Vegas: 181,923————-5. Las Vegas: 204,913
6. Sacramento: 111,559———6. Sacramento: 124,461———–6. Sacramento: 150,153
7. Milwaukee: 80,945————-7. Milwaukee: 104,619————-7. Charlotte: 113,731
8. Providence: 60,008————-8. Charlotte: 96,246—————-8. Milwaukee: 110,335
9. Charlotte: 58,466—————9. Indianapolis: 78,467————-9. Orlando: 89,306
10. Indianapolis: 47,764———10. Providence: 76,645————10. Indianapolis: 83,426
11. Detroit: 46,993—————–11. Nashville: 61,212————–11. Providence: 77,968
12. Orlando: 43,978—————12. Portland: 58,986—————12. Nashville: 67,526
13. Portland: 43,324—————13. Orlando: 56,061—————13. Omaha: 63,516
14. Omaha: 39,674—————–14. Omaha: 53,661—————14. Portland: 61,064
15. Nashville: 37,463—————15. Kansas City: 49,800———15. Detroit: 53,980
16. Minneapolis: 37,017———–16. Detroit: 45,580—————-16. Columbus: 46,855
17. Kansas City: 35,995———–17. Columbus: 43,276————17. Kansas City: 46,037
18. Grand Rapids: 32,368———18. Cleveland: 36,067———-18. Cleveland: 40,603
19. Cleveland: 32,085————–19. Minneapolis: 34,504——-19. Minneapolis: 39,981
20. Columbus: 24,607———–20. Grand Rapids: 30,659——20. Virginia Beach: 36,309
21. Virginia Beach: 20,803——–21. Virginia Beach: 29,206—-21. Grand Rapids: 31,282
22. Toledo: 18,404——————22. Toledo: 21,346————–22. Toledo: 23,614
23. St. Louis: 8,268—————–23. St. Louis: 11,207————-23. St. Louis: 12,261
24. Pittsburgh: 5,018—————24. Cincinnati: 8,710————-24. Pittsburgh: 9,266
25. Cincinnati: 3,855—————25. Pittsburgh: 7,282————-25. Cincinnati: 9,121
26. Akron: 3,485——————–26. Akron: 3,990——————-26. Dayton: 4,945
27. Dayton: 1,693——————-27. Dayton: 3,180—————–27. Akron: 3,684

Columbus moved up from 20th to 16th in the total Hispanic population.

Rank by City of Total Other, non-Hispanic Population by Year
2005——————————————-2010———————————————–2015

1. Chicago: 38,694—————1. Chicago: 37,379————————–1. Chicago: 54,694
2. San Jose: 29,456————2. San Jose: 32,439————————2. San Jose: 40,894
3. Sacramento: 21,370———-3. Sacramento: 30,900——————-3. Portland: 36,398
4. Portland: 21,164————–4. Portland: 28,027————————4. Columbus: 34,357
5. Indianapolis: 20,242———-5. Las Vegas: 24,521—————–5. Sacramento: 32,909
6. Columbus: 20,096————-6. Columbus: 23,738——————6. Las Vegas: 29,853
7. San Antonio: 19,130———-7. San Antonio: 20,778—————7. San Antonio: 26,646
8. Minneapolis: 18,580———-8. Minneapolis: 20,753—————-8. Indianapolis: 26,019
9. Detroit: 18,324—————–9. Virginia Beach: 20,268————-9. Charlotte: 24,285
10. Las Vegas: 18,304———-10. Indianapolis: 20,086————–10. Nashville: 22,658
11. Virginia Beach: 16,685—-11. Charlotte: 18,360——————11. Austin: 21,765
12. Milwaukee: 14,476———-12. Detroit: 16,776——————–12. Minneapolis: 21,426
13. Kansas City: 13,399——–13. Milwaukee: 16,311———–13. Virginia Beach: 20,525
14. Austin: 13,261—————-14. Omaha: 15,519—————-14. Milwaukee: 19,263
15. Charlotte: 11,771————-15. Austin: 14,915—————–15. Omaha: 13,951
16. Omaha: 8,552—————–16. Kansas City: 14,668———-16. Kansas City: 13,897
17. Toledo: 7,447——————17. Nashville: 14,227————-17. Detroit: 13,316
18. Cincinnati: 7,315————–18. Pittsburgh: 12,080————18. Pittsburgh: 11,853
19. Cleveland: 7,004————–19. Toledo: 10,134—————-19. Cleveland: 11,234
20. Providence: 6,488————-20. Akron: 9,020——————20. Toledo: 10,678
21. Pittsburgh: 6,138————–21. Cleveland: 8,276—————21. Cincinnati: 10,176
22. St. Louis: 6,058—————-22. St. Louis: 7,704—————22. Akron: 9,560
23. Orlando: 5,731—————–23. Grand Rapids: 7,376——-23. St. Louis: 9,401
24. Nashville: 5,687—————24. Orlando: 7,251————–24. Orlando: 8,885
25. Akron: 4,431——————–25. Cincinnati: 7,230———–25. Grand Rapids: 7,815
26. Grand Rapids: 4,154———26. Providence: 6,471———-26. Providence: 7,418
27. Dayton: 1,382——————27. Dayton: 3,025—————27. Dayton: 6,669

Finally, Columbus moved up from 6th to 4th in the total of Other, non-Hispanic population. Overall, Columbus ranks fairly well in totals vs. its peers, as one might expect given that it is one of the largest cities in the grouping. However, to truly find out how it compares with these other cities, you have to look at percentages, which tells how much of the city’s population is made up of each group.

Columbus had the 8th highest White, non-Hispanic % of total population of the city in 2015.


Columbus had the 12th highest Black, non-Hispanic % of total population.


Columbus also had the 12th highest Asian, non-Hispanic % of total population.


Columbus ranks poorly with Hispanics in the group, having only the 22nd highest % of population.


Finally, Columbus ranks 8th again in Other, non-Hispanic % of population.

So what’s the final ranking for where Columbus is with diversity compared to its peers? To find out, I assigned points based on ranked position in each 5 racial categories. The final total determined where the cities ranked overall.

So based on this, Columbus is the 6th most racially diverse city of the 27 cities measured. This is no doubt surprising, but not so much when you get to the numbers.

*Note: Normally, Youngstown would be included, but the data was not available.




Columbus Housing Trends




I posted a graph recently showing housing permits for Franklin County to show how construction was trending. Today, I found more long-term data for both the city and county that continue to show some interesting trends.

First, let’s look at just the city of Columbus.

The chart above goes back through the mid-1990s. The first thing to notice is the housing boom from 1999-2002. Both single-family and multi-family construction was booming. The very good economic conditions, or seemingly good ones, during the 1999-2000 period is probably most responsible for this. What’s most interesting is that the boom seemed to last through at least part of the mild recession experienced in 2001-2002. After that, housing of both types started to decline through the late 2000s. This shows that construction in the city began to decline as early as 2002-2003, before the peak of the general housing boom in the mid-2000s.

Another interesting fact is at the end of the period. Multi-family units have recovered and are back in boom territory. This boom, however, is much different than the one that occurred more than a decade ago, as shown by the below chart.

During the 1999-2002 housing boom, multi-family housing averaged 59.3% of all the units constructed. In the current boom, which began in 2012, multi-family housing has averaged 81.4% of all the units constructed. The average difference between the types 1999-2002 was just 18.6 points. In the current boom, the difference is almost 63 points! In that regard, there really is no comparison between the housing boom a decade ago and the current one. Multi-family construction is in MUCH higher relative demand now than it was at any time in the last 20 years, including during the last housing boom.

But what does this tell us about where the housing is actually being constructed? Well, for that, we have to look at the entirety of Franklin County. Is the county also seeing a similar multi-family boom, or has single-family construction recovered there more than in the city?

This chart, in some aspects, is the opposite of the one for the city. While in the city, multi-family units consistently outnumbered single-family, the opposite is true for the county as a whole. This is likely because the county takes into account all the suburban areas, most of which are dominated by single-family housing. In only a few instances did multi-family housing units outnumber single-family before 2010. After 2010, it’s clear that the multi-family boom is hitting the rest of the county and not just Columbus itself. This may actually represent an even greater shift in housing construction. While it appeared that single-family construction was gradually rising since 2011, it once again fell off some in 2015 while multi-family went up. It appears that the new reality is, at least for now, holding steady.

Here’s the % of total chart for the county.

So it’s also clear that the county is seeing most of its construction in recent years be multi-family units.




Midwest Cities- Historic Population and Density



I’ve compared Columbus to peer cities nationally in terms of density and population, but I’ve never compared Columbus to the Midwest as a whole historically for those categories. For the following, I used the top 15 largest Midwest cities as of 2014.

Red indicates a fallen ranking while blue indicates a rise. Black is no change.

Historic Population Rankings
1840

1. Cincinnati: 46,338
2. St. Louis: 16,469
3. Detroit: 9,102
4. Cleveland: 6,071
5. Columbus: 6,048
6. Chicago: 4,470
7. Indianapolis: 2,695
8. Milwaukee: 1,700
9. Toledo: 1,222
10. Kansas City: Not incorporated.
11. Lincoln: Not incorporated.
12. Minneapolis: Not incorporated.
13. Omaha: Not incorporated.
14. St. Paul: Not incorporated.
15. Wichita: Not incorporated.

1850
1. Cincinnati: 115,435
2. St. Louis: 77,860
3. Chicago: 29,963
4. Detroit: 21,019
5. Milwaukee: 20,061
6. Columbus: 17,882
7. Cleveland: 17,034
8. Indianapolis: 8,091
9. Toledo: 3,829
10. St. Paul: 1,112
11. Kansas City: Not incorporated.
12. Lincoln: Not incorporated.
13. Minneapolis: Not incorporated.
14. Omaha: Not incorporated.
15. Wichita: Not incorporated.

1860
1. Cincinnati: 161,044
2. St. Louis: 160,773
3. Chicago: 112,172
4. Detroit: 45,619
5. Milwaukee: 45,246
6. Cleveland: 43,417
7. Indianapolis: 18,611
8. Columbus: 18,554
9. Toledo: 13,768
10. St. Paul: 10,401
11. Minneapolis: 5,809
12. Kansas City: 4,418
13. Omaha: 1,883
14. Lincoln: Not incorporated.
15. Wichita: Not incorporated.

1870
1. St. Louis: 310,864
2. Chicago: 298,977
3. Cincinnati: 216,239
4. Cleveland: 92,829
5. Detroit: 79,577
6. Milwaukee: 71,440
7. Indianapolis: 48,244
8. Kansas City: 32,260
9. Toledo: 31,584
10. Columbus: 31,274
11. St. Paul: 20,030
12. Omaha: 16,083
13. Minneapolis: 13,066
14. Lincoln: 2,441
15. Wichita: 689

1880
1. Chicago: 503,185
2. St. Louis: 350,518
3. Cincinnati: 255,139
4. Cleveland: 160,146
5. Detroit: 116,340
6. Milwaukee: 115,587
7. Indianapolis: 75,056
8. Kansas City: 55,785
9. Columbus: 51,647
10. Toledo: 50,137
11. Minneapolis: 46,887
12. St. Paul: 41,473
13. Omaha: 30,518
14. Lincoln: 13,003
15. Wichita: 4,911

1890
1. Chicago: 1,099,850
2. St. Louis: 451,770
3. Cincinnati: 296,908
4. Cleveland: 261,353
5. Detroit: 205,877
6. Milwaukee: 204,468
7. Minneapolis: 164,738
8. Omaha: 140,452
9. St. Paul: 133,156
10. Kansas City: 132,716
11. Indianapolis: 105,436
12. Columbus: 88,150
13. Toledo: 81,434
14. Lincoln: 55,164
15. Wichita: 23,853

1900
1. Chicago: 1,698,575
2. St. Louis: 575,238
3. Cleveland: 381,768
4. Cincinnati: 325,902
5. Detroit: 285,704
6. Milwaukee: 285,315
7. Minneapolis: 202,718
8. Indianapolis: 169,164
9. Kansas City: 163,752
10. St. Paul: 163,065
11. Toledo: 131,822
12. Columbus: 125,560
13. Omaha: 102,555
14. Lincoln: 40,169
15. Wichita: 24,671

1910
1. Chicago: 2,185,283
2. St. Louis: 687,029
3. Cleveland: 560,663
4. Detroit: 465,766
5. Milwaukee: 373,857
6. Cincinnati: 363,591
7. Minneapolis: 301,408
8. Kansas City: 248,381
9. Indianapolis: 233,650
10. St. Paul: 214,744
11. Columbus: 181,511
12. Toledo: 168,497
13. Omaha: 124,096
14. Wichita: 52,450
15. Lincoln: 43,973

1920
1. Chicago: 2,701,705
2. Detroit: 993,678
3. Cleveland: 796,841
4. St. Louis: 772,897
5. Milwaukee: 457,147
6. Cincinnati: 401,247
7. Minneapolis: 380,582
8. Kansas City: 324,410
9. Indianapolis: 314,194
10. Toledo: 243,164
11. Columbus: 237,031
12. St. Paul: 234,698
13. Omaha: 191,061
14. Wichita: 72,217
15. Lincoln: 54,948

1930
1. Chicago: 3,376,438
2. Detroit: 1,568,662
3. Cleveland: 900,429
4. St. Louis: 821,960
5. Milwaukee: 578,249
6. Minneapolis: 464,356
7. Cincinnati: 451,160
8. Kansas City: 399,746
9. Indianapolis: 364,161
10. Toledo: 290,718
11. Columbus: 290,564
12. St. Paul: 271,606
13. Omaha: 214,006
14. Wichita: 111,110
15. Lincoln: 75,933

1940
1. Chicago: 3,396,808
2. Detroit: 1,623,452
3. Cleveland: 878,336
4. St. Louis: 816,048
5. Milwaukee: 587,472
6. Minneapolis: 492,370
7. Cincinnati: 455,610
8. Kansas City: 400,178
9. Indianapolis: 386,972
10. Columbus: 306,087
11. St. Paul: 287,736
12. Toledo: 282,349
13. Omaha: 223,844
14. Wichita: 114,966
15. Lincoln: 81,984

1950
1. Chicago: 3,620,962
2. Detroit: 1,849,568
3. Cleveland: 914,808
4. St. Louis: 856,796
5. Milwaukee: 637,392
6. Minneapolis: 521,718
7. Cincinnati: 503,998
8. Kansas City: 456,622
9. Indianapolis: 427,173
10. Columbus: 375,901
11. St. Paul: 311,349
12. Toledo: 303,616
13. Omaha: 251,117
14. Wichita: 168,279
15. Lincoln: 98,884

1960
1. Chicago: 3,550,404
2. Detroit: 1,670,144
3. Cleveland: 876,050
4. St. Louis: 750,026
5. Milwaukee: 741,324
6. Cincinnati: 502,550
7. Minneapolis: 482,872
8. Indianapolis: 476,258
9. Kansas City: 475,539
10. Columbus: 471,316
11. Toledo: 318,003
12. St. Paul: 313,411
13. Omaha: 301,598
14. Wichita: 254,698
15. Lincoln: 128,521

1970
1. Chicago: 3,366,957
2. Detroit: 1,514,063
3. Cleveland: 750,903
4. Indianapolis: 744,624
5. Milwaukee: 717,099
6. St. Louis: 622,236
7. Columbus: 539,677
8. Kansas City: 507,087
9. Cincinnati: 452,525
10. Minneapolis: 434,400
11. Toledo: 383,818
12. Omaha: 346,929
13. St. Paul: 309,980
14. Wichita: 276,554
15. Lincoln: 149,518

1980
1. Chicago: 3,005,072
2. Detroit: 1,203,368
3. Indianapolis: 700,807
4. Milwaukee: 636,212
5. Cleveland: 573,822
6. Columbus: 564,871
7. St. Louis: 452,801
8. Kansas City: 448,159
9. Cincinnati: 385,460
10. Minneapolis: 370,951
11. Toledo: 354,635
12. Omaha: 313,939
13. Wichita: 279,272
14. St. Paul: 270,230
15. Lincoln: 171,932

1990
1. Chicago: 2,783,726
2. Detroit: 1,027,974
3. Indianapolis: 731,327
4. Columbus: 632,910
5. Milwaukee: 628,088
6. Cleveland: 505,616
7. Kansas City: 435,146
8. St. Louis: 396,685
9. Minneapolis: 368,383
10. Cincinnati: 364,040
11. Omaha: 335,795
12. Toledo: 332,943
13. Wichita: 304,011
14. St. Paul: 272,235
15. Lincoln: 191,972

2000
1. Chicago: 2,896,016
2. Detroit: 951,270
3. Indianapolis: 781,926
4. Columbus: 711,470
5. Milwaukee: 596,974
6. Cleveland: 478,403
7. Kansas City: 441,545
8. Omaha: 390,007
9. Minneapolis: 382,618
10. St. Louis: 348,189
11. Wichita: 344,284
12. Cincinnati: 331,285
13. Toledo: 313,619
14. St. Paul: 287,151
15. Lincoln: 225,581

2010
1. Chicago: 2,695,598
2. Indianapolis: 829,445
3. Columbus: 787,033
4. Detroit: 713,777
5. Milwaukee: 594,833
6. Kansas City: 459,787
7. Omaha: 408,958
8. Cleveland: 396,815
9. Minneapolis: 382,578
10. Wichita: 382,368
11. St. Louis: 319,294
12. Cincinnati: 296,945
13. Toledo: 287,208
14. St. Paul: 285,068
15. Lincoln: 258,379

2014
1. Chicago: 2,722,389
2. Indianapolis: 848,788
3. Columbus: 835,957
4. Detroit: 680,250
5. Milwaukee: 599,642
6. Kansas City: 470,800
7. Omaha: 446,559
8. Minneapolis: 407,207
9. Cleveland: 389,521
10. Wichita: 388,413
11. St. Louis: 317,419
12. Cincinnati: 298,165
13. St. Paul: 297,640
14. Toledo: 281,031
15. Lincoln: 272,996

2020 Projection based on recent estimates.
1. Chicago: 2,736,032
2. Columbus: 905,875
3. Indianapolis: 873,774
4. Detroit: 646,682
5. Milwaukee: 606,730
6. Kansas City: 494,731
7. Omaha: 460,487
8. Minneapolis: 445,321
9. Wichita: 395,751
10. Cleveland: 380,149
11. St. Louis: 308,348
12. St. Paul: 306,448
13. Cincinnati: 302,288
14. Lincoln: 297,136
15. Toledo: 270,837

Columbus seems poised to take the #2 spot from Indianapolis around or just after 2020. Also, 11 of 15 would’ve seen growth 2010-2020. Cleveland, Toledo, St. Louis and Detroit would be the only cities that still lost.

2014 Density
1. Chicago: 11,634.1
2. Minneapolis: 6,972.7
3. Milwaukee: 6,188.3
4. St. Paul: 5,296.1
5. St. Louis: 4,809.4
6. Detroit: 4,760.3
7. Cleveland: 4,721.5
8. Omaha: 3,755.8
9. Columbus: 3,747.0
10. Cincinnati: 3,745.8
11. Lincoln: 3,620.6
12. Toledo: 3,246.1
13. Wichita: 2,374.2
14. Indianapolis: 2,306.5
15. Kansas City: 1,475.9

2020 Projected density using recent estimates.
1. Chicago: 11,692.4
2. Minneapolis: 7,625.4
3. Milwaukee: 6,261.4
4. St. Paul: 5,452.8
5. St. Louis: 4,671.9
6. Cleveland: 4,607.9
7. Detroit: 4,525.4
8. Columbus: 4,060.4
9. Lincoln: 3,940.8
10. Omaha: 3,872.9
11. Cincinnati: 3,797.6
12. Toledo: 3,220.4
13. Wichita: 2,419.0
14. Indianapolis: 2,374.4
15. Kansas City: 1,550.9