Young Professionals: A Comparison

**Updated 2/3/2017 with 2015 data. Originally posted 1/21/2016.

Millennials and Young Professionals are big news these days. Millennials are the largest generation ever in terms of total numbers (exceeding 76 million), and their choices are already having big impacts on everything from housing to the economy, and Young Professionals have long been an important urban demographic. I wanted to look at Columbus and its peers to see where it ranks in terms of attracting the 25-34 age group that include these demographics.

For the comparison, I looked at metro areas of 1.5-2.5 million as well as major Midwest metros and then used their core cities to get the numbers.

Rank of Total Population Aged 25-34

2005_______________________2010___________________2015

1. Chicago: 463,236_______1. Chicago: 510,042________1. Chicago: 530,508
2. San Antonio: 180,981_____2. San Antonio: 200,645____2. San Antonio: 238,111
3. Austin: 137,523_________3. Austin: 162,247_________3. Austin: 211,528
4. San Jose, CA: 133,144___4. Columbus: 147,584______4. Columbus: 174,059
5. Columbus: 131,641______5. San Jose, CA: 142,551___5. San Jose, CA: 159,172
6. Indianapolis: 114,532_____6. Indianapolis: 133,088____6. Charlotte, NC: 145,573
7. Detroit: 110,759_________7. Charlotte, NC: 127,539___7. Indianapolis: 140,838
8. Charlotte, NC: 100,025____8. Portland, OR: 113,210___8. Nashville: 127,646
9. Portland, OR: 90,023_____9. Nashville: 110,882______9. Portland: 125,173
10. Las Vegas: 84,418______10. Milwaukee: 97,359____10. Milwaukee: 100,826
11. Milwaukee: 82,060______11. Detroit: 85,023_______11. Detroit: 95,474
12. Sacramento, CA: 75,497___12. Minneapolis: 81,532__12. Minneapolis: 93,282
13. Minneapolis: 74,208___13. Las Vegas: 81,212______13. Sacramento: 88,819
14. Kansas City, MO: 68,060__14. Sacramento: 78,527__14. Las Vegas: 87,951
15. Virginia Beach: 60,749__15. Kansas City: 73,872____15. Virginia Beach: 76,061
16. Omaha, NE: 56,248____16. Virginia Beach: 67,614__16. Kansas City: 75,582
17. Wichita, KS: 52,426____17. Omaha: 62,396________17. Omaha: 71,910
18. Cleveland: 50,558_____18. St. Louis: 57,627_______18. Orlando: 63,936
19. St. Louis: 48,137______19. Wichita: 56,737________19. Pittsburgh: 62,703
20. Cincinnati: 44,945_____20. Cleveland: 54,428______20. St. Louis: 61,874
21. Toledo: 43,134_______21. Pittsburgh: 51,109______21. Cleveland: 58,209
22. Orlando: 40,846______22. St. Paul: 50,107________22. Wichita: 56,933
23. St. Paul, MN: 39,676__23. Cincinnati: 49,067_______23. St. Paul: 55,956
24. Lincoln, NE: 38,893___24. Orlando: 48,102________24. Cincinnati: 55,826
25. Madison, WI: 38,826___25. Madison: 44,662_______25. Madison: 47,551
26. Pittsburgh: 38,744____26. Lincoln: 42,034_________26. Toledo: 43,645
27. Grand Rapids: 35,287__27. Toledo: 41,580________27: Lincoln: 41,602
28. Des Moines: 32,640__28. Fort Wayne: 35,193______28. Grand Rapids: 38,044
29. Fort Wayne, IN: 31,738__29. Providence: 31,044____29. Fort Wayne: 36,915
30. Akron: 30,436_______30. Grand Rapids: 30,963____30. Des Moines: 35,123
31. Providence, RI: 29,307__31. Des Moines: 30,376____31. Providence: 32,615
32. Dayton: 18,591_______32. Akron: 27,446_________32. Akron: 28,645
33. Youngstown: 8,505____33. Dayton: 20,278________33. Dayton: 20,527
34. Nashville, TN: N/A___34. Youngtown: 8,484_______34. Youngstown: 9,110

So Columbus ranks highly among total population in the 25-34 age group. But what about growth?

Total Growth Rank in 25-34 Population 2005-2015

1. Austin, TX: 74,005
2. Chicago: 67,272
3. San Antonio, TX: 57,130
4. Charlotte, NC: 45,548
5. Columbus: 42,418
6. Portland, OR: 35,150
7. Indianapolis: 26,306
8. San Jose, CA: 26,028
9. Pittsburgh, PA: 23,959
10. Orlando, FL: 23,090
11. Minneapolis, MN: 19,074
12. Milwaukee, WI: 18,766
13. St. Paul, MN: 16,280
14. Omaha, NE: 15,662
15. Virginia Beach, VA: 15,312
16. St. Louis, MO: 13,737
17. Sacramento, CA: 13,332
18. Cincinnati: 10,881
19. Madison, WI: 8,725
20. Cleveland: 7,651
21. Kansas City, MO: 7,522
22. Fort Wayne, IN: 5,177
23. Wichita, KS: 4,507
24. Las Vegas, NV: 3,533
25. Providence, RI: 3,308
26. Grand Rapids, MI: 2,757
27. Lincoln, NE: 2,709
28. Des Moines, IA: 2,483
29. Dayton: 1,936
30. Youngstown: 605
31. Toledo: 511
32. Akron: -1,791
33. Detroit: -15,285
34. Nashville, TN: N/A

Again, Columbus ranks near the top during this period. What about more recently, since 2010?

Total Growth Rank of 25-34 Population 2010-2015

1. Austin: 49,281
2. San Antonio: 37,466
3. Columbus: 26,475
4. Chicago: 20,466
5. Charlotte: 18,034
6. Nashville: 16,764
7. San Jose: 16,621
8. Orlando: 15,834
9. Portland: 11,963
10. Minneapolis: 11,750
11. Pittsburgh: 11,594
12. Detroit: 10,451
13. Sacramento: 10,292
14. Omaha: 9,514
15. Virginia Beach: 8,447
16. Indianapolis: 7,750
17. Grand Rapids: 7,081
18. Cincinnati: 6,759
19. Las Vegas: 6,739
20. St. Paul: 5,849
21. Des Moines: 4,747
22. St. Louis: 4,247
23. Cleveland: 3,781
24. Milwaukee: 3,467
25. Madison: 2,889
26. Toledo: 2,065
27. Fort Wayne: 1,722
28. Kansas City: 1,710
29. Providence: 1,571
30. Akron: 1,199
31. Youngstown: 626
32. Dayton: 249
33. Wichita: 196
34. Lincoln: -432

So Columbus is doing even better since 2010 than it did in the earlier period and attracts significantly more people in the 25-34 age group than cities often cited for this very metric.

Next, let’s look at percentage growth, as city size can affect this.

Total Percent Growth 2005-2015 in 25-34 Population

1. Pittsburgh: +61.8%
2. Orlando: +56.5%
3. Austin: +53.8%
4. Charlotte: +45.5%
5. St. Paul: +41.0%
6. Portland: +39.0%
7. Columbus: +32.2%
8. San Antonio: +31.6%
9. St. Louis: +28.5%
10. Omaha: +27.8%
11. Minneapolis: +25.7%
12. Virginia Beach: +25.2%
13. Cincinnati: +24.2%
14. Indianapolis: +23.0%
15. Milwaukee: +22.9%
16. Madison: +22.5%
17. San Jose: +19.5%
18. Sacramento: +17.6%
19. Fort Wayne: +16.3%
20. Cleveland: +15.1%
21. Chicago: +14.5%
22. Providence: +11.3%
23. Kansas City: +11.1%
24. Dayton: +10.4%
25. Wichita: +8.6%
26. Grand Rapids: +7.8%
27. Des Moines: +7.6%
28. Youngstown: +7.1%
29. Lincoln: +7.0%
30. Las Vegas: +4.2%
31. Toledo: +1.2%
32. Akron: -5.9%
33. Detroit: -13.8%
34. Nashville: N/A

So Columbus again performs fairly well in percentage growth, despite having one of the largest populations in the age group.

Finally, now that we know the totals and the growth, what is the % of total city population that the 25-34 age group makes up?

25-34 % of Total City Population 2015

1. Orlando: 23.6%
2. Austin: 22.7%
3. Minneapolis: 22.7%
4. Pittsburgh: 20.6%
5. Columbus: 20.5%
6. Portland: 19.8%
7. St. Louis: 19.6%
8. Chicago: 19.5%
9. Nashville: 19.5%
10. Grand Rapids: 19.4%
11. Madison: 19.1%
12. Cincinnati: 18.7%
13. St. Paul: 18.6%
14. Providence: 18.2%
15. Sacramento: 18.1%
16. Charlotte: 17.6%
17. Milwaukee: 16.8%
18. Virginia Beach: 16.8%
19. Des Moines: 16.7%
20. Indianapolis: 16.6%
21. Omaha: 16.2%
22. San Antonio: 16.2%
23. Kansas City: 15.9%
24. Toledo: 15.6%
25. San Jose: 15.5%
26. Cleveland: 15.0%
27. Lincoln: 15.0%
28. Dayton: 14.6%
29. Wichita: 14.6%
30. Akron: 14.5%
31. Fort Wayne: 14.3%
32. Detroit: 14.1%
33. Las Vegas: 14.1%
34. Youngstown: 14.1%

Columbus has an existing large population of the 25-34 age demographic, and looks to be one of the strongest performers into the near future.
Some would ask why that would be considering that Columbus transit is woefully lacking and has a reputation (very undeservedly, in my opinion) of being suburban- characteristics that Millennials/YPers supposedly almost universally reject. Perhaps the bottom line is that economics trump all other desires. Cost of living and employment tend to be higher up the list than rail lines, and Columbus has both a strong economy and relatively low COL. Whatever the case may be, Columbus seems to be doing something right.

Columbus Area Murders by Zip Code 2008-2015

*Originally posted in 2013, reposted on 3/4/2015 and again on 1/28/2016, with updated maps.

I have been wanting to do these maps for awhile now, as there have been several searches on the site for them and they weren’t available. It took a lot of work, but here they are!

2008

In 2008, almost all murders were contained within the I-270 boundaries. The East and South Sides were the worst areas.

2009

In 2009, there began to be a bit of diffusion on where murder was taking place. While parts of the urban core remained the worst areas, suburban areas also saw the occasional murder.

2010

The diffusion continued in 2010.

2011

And in 2011.

2012

2012 was the most diffuse of all the years, with no heavily concentrated areas, even in the urban core as much. Meanwhile, most of the suburban zip codes within Franklin County saw at least 1 murder.

2013

2014

2015 saw most activity on the eastern side of the city, particular South Linden and the Far East Side around Whitehall and Reynoldsburg, but all areas along the 270 area on the Far East Side had the highest levels of murder in the county. The central core generally stayed a lot lower.

2014 City Population Estimates

The Census has released new estimates for July 1, 2013-July 1, 2014 for all 100 incorporated places of the metro area.

Total Population July 1, 2014
1. Columbus: 835,957
2. Newark (Licking): 47,839
3. Dublin: 44,214
4. Lancaster (Fairfield): 39,595
5. Grove City: 38,519
6. Westerville: 37,667
7. Delaware (Delaware): 37,372
8. Reynoldsburg: 36,711
9. Upper Arlington: 34,609
10. Gahanna: 34,257
11. Hilliard: 32,465
12. Marysville (Union): 22,708
13. Pickerington (Fairfield): 19,408
14. Whitehall: 18,558
15. Pataskala (Licking): 15,192
16. Worthington: 14,384
17. Bexley: 13,517
18. Circleville (Pickaway): 13,455
19. Powell (Delaware): 12,511
20. Heath (Licking): 10,456
21. London (Madison): 10,056
22. New Albany: 9,202
23. Canal Winchester: 7,704
24. Grandview Heights: 7,244
25. Logan (Hocking): 7,154
26. Granville (Licking): 5,723
27. Groveport: 5,672
28. Sunbury (Delaware): 4,909
29. Johnstown (Licking): 4,870
30. New Lexington (Perry): 4,717
31. Obetz: 4,706
32. Plain City (Madison): 4,295
33. West Jefferson (Madison): 4,272
34. Ashville (Pickaway): 4,149
35. Mount Gilead (Morrow): 3,662
36. Baltimore (Fairfield): 2,962
37. Buckeye Lake (Licking): 2,737
38. Crooksville (Perry): 2,493
39. Hebron (Licking): 2,386
40. Richwood (Union): 2,251
41. Utica (Licking): 2,176
42. Cardington (Morrow): 2,054
43. South Bloomfield (Pickaway): 1,812
44. Mount Sterling (Madison): 1,748
45. Commercial Point (Pickaway): 1,599
46. Somerset (Perry): 1,461
47. Bremen (Fairfield): 1,436
48. Ashley (Delaware): 1,354
49. Minerva Park: 1,306
50. Lithopolis (Fairfield): 1,290
51. Hanover (Licking): 1,103
52. Millersport (Fairfield): 1,048
53. Williamsport (Pickaway): 1,043
54. Urbancrest: 1,011
55. Thornville (Perry): 992
56. Pleasantville (Fairfield): 958
57. New Holland (Pickaway): 832
58. Milford Center (Union): 813
59. Junction City (Perry): 809
60. Amanda (Fairfield): 748
61. Shawnee Hills (Delaware): 729
62. New Straitsville (Perry): 713
63. Galena (Delaware): 684
64. Ostrander (Delaware): 674
65. Shawnee (Perry): 645
66. Valleyview: 630
67. Thurston (Fairfield): 609
68. Marble Cliff: 581
69. Corning (Perry): 573
70. Riverlea: 564
71. Stoutsville (Fairfield): 564
72. Kirkersville (Licking): 536
73. Carroll (Fairfield): 521
74. Laurelville (Hocking): 521
75. Alexandria (Licking): 518
76. Murray City (Hocking): 440
77. Edison (Morrow): 438
78. Sugar Grove (Fairfield): 429
79. Hartford (Licking): 400
80. St. Louisville (Licking): 374
81. South Solon (Madison): 361
82. Marengo (Morrow): 346
83. Harrisburg: 331
84. Midway (Madison): 327
85. Rushville (Fairfield): 304
86. Orient (Pickaway): 275
87. Magnetic Springs (Union): 273
88. Fulton (Morrow): 261
89. Lockbourne: 245
90. Unionville Center (Union): 236
91. Chesterville (Morrow): 231
92. Tarlton (Pickaway): 288
93. Darbyville (Pickaway): 226
94. Gratiot (Licking): 223
95. Glenford (Perry): 176
96. Sparta (Morrow): 163
97. Hemlock (Perry): 155
98. West Rushville (Fairfield): 135
99. Brice: 120
100. Rendville (Perry): 36

Total Change July 1st 2013-July 1, 2014 and Census 2010-July 1, 2014 in ()

1. Columbus: +12,241 (+48,924)
2. Hilliard: +1,458 (+4,030)
3. Grove City: +1,000 (+2,944)
4. Delaware: +764 (+2,619)
5. Dublin: +585 (+2,463)
6. Worthington: +522(+809)
7. New Albany: +373 (+1,478)
8. Pickerington: +356 (+1,117)
9. Powell: +279 (+1,011)
10. Lancaster: +279 (+815)
11. Grandview Heights: +273 (+708)
12. Marysville: +262 (+614)
13. Gahanna: +190 (+1,009)
14. Reynoldsburg: +186 (+818)
15. Sunbury: +179 (+520)
16. Canal Winchester: +162 (+603)
17. Upper Arlington: +141 (+838)
18. Westeville: +115 (+1,547)
19. London: +90 (+152)
20. Circleville: +84 (+141)
21. Lithopolis: +68 (+184)
22. Newark: +65 (+266)
23. Plain City: +51 (+70)
24. Whitehall: +48 (+496)
25. Bexley: +46 (+460)
26. Logan: +42 (+2)
27. Johnstown: +41 (+238)
28. Hanover: +41 (+182)
29. West Jefferson: +41 (+50)
30. Groveport: +34 (+309)
31. Ashville: +31 (+52)
32. Pataskala: +26 (+230)
33. South Bloomfield: +26 (+68)
34. Urbancrest: +26 (+51)
35. Obetz: +25 (+174)
36. Hebron: +20 (+50)
37. Buckeye Lake: +19 (-9)
38. Utica: +17 (+44)
39. Mount Sterling: +17 (-34)
40. Heath: +16 (+146)
41. Galena: +15 (+31)
42. Ostrander: +15 (+31)
43. Commercial Point: +11 (+17)
44. Richwood: +9 (+22)
45. Williamsport: +9 (+20)
46. Baltimore: +8 (-4)
47. Cardington: +7 (+7)
48. Amanda: +6 (+11)
49. Millersport: +5 (+4)
50. New Holland: +4 (+31)
51. Milford Center: +4 (+21)
52. Bremen: +4 (+11)
53. Kirkersville: +4 (+11)
54. South Solon: +4 (+6)
55. Alexandria: +4 (+1)
56. Shawnee Hills: +3 (+48)
57. Minverva Park: +3 (+34)
58. Riverlea: +3 (+19)
59. Marble Cliff: +3 (+8)
60. Tarlton: +3 (+6)
61. Midway: +3 (+5)
62. Thurston: +3 (+5)
63. Ashley: +2 (+24)
64. Harrisburg: +2 (+11)
65. Magnetic Springs: +2 (+5)
66. Orient: +2 (+5)
67. Darbyville: +2 (+4)
68. Stoutsville: +2 (+4)
69. Sugar Grove: +2 (+3)
70. Pleasantville: +2 (-2)
71. Lockbourne: +1 (+8)
72. Brice: +1 (+6)
73. Marengo: +1 (+4)
74. Chesterville: +1 (+3)
75. Fulton: +1 (+3)
76. Hartford: +1 (+3)
77. Unionville Center: +1 (+3)
78. Gratiot: +1 (+2)
79. Mount Gilead: +1 (+2)
80. Rushville: +1 (+2)
81. St. Louisville: +1 (+1)
82. West Rushville: +1 (+1)
83. Laurelville: +1 (-6)
84. Valleyview: 0 (+10)
85. Glenford: 0 (+3)
86. Sparta: 0 (+2)
87. Thornville: 0 (+1)
88. Hemlock: 0 (0)
89. Rendville: 0 (0)
90. Carroll: 0 (-3)
91. Murray City: 0 (-9)
92. Edison: -1 (+1)
93. Granville: -2 (+77)
94. Corning: -3 (-10)
95. New Straitsville: -3 (-9)
96. Junction City: -4 (-10)
97. Shawnee: -4 (-10)
98. Somerset: -7 (-20)
99. Crooksville: -14 (-41)
100. New Lexington: -24 (-14)

Places growing 2013-2014: 83 of 100 or 83%.
Places growing 2010-2014: 84 of 100 or 84%.

Places that grew 2000-2010: 70 of 100 or 70%.

Columbus Slowly Becoming Ohio’s Largest Job Market- In One Graph

The Columbus metro has long been Ohio’s 3rd largest labor market, but that seems to be changing over time.

The January 2015 labor force jumped to a record high, and if trends hold, may pass the other 2 Cs by the end of the year.

Cool Link of the Day: Demographics by Distance

http://statchatva.org/changing-shape-of-american-cities/

This link, entitled The Changing Shape of American Cities, gives comparison maps for multi-demographic data points between 1990 and 2012 for dozens of cities, including Columbus. It gives this demographic information by breaking it down by the status at the mile distance from “City Hall”, or from the center of each city’s downtown area.

Using these graphs, here are some examples of the information we can see for Columbus’s immediate downtown.

% of Population with a Bachelor’s Degree at Mile 0
1990: 26%
2012: 51%

% of Population Aged 22-34 at Mile 0
1990: 32%
2012: 38%

% of Population Living Below the Poverty Line at Mile 0
1990: 30%
2012: 27%

Check out these and lots more.