Columbus City Diversity and Comparison to Peers




In the 2nd post related to the recently-released Census demographic data, I’ll look at city diversity and how it’s been changing since 2005.

Rank by City of Total White, non-Hispanic Population by Year
2005————————————–2010————————————-2017

1. Chicago, IL: 819,215————1. Chicago: 853,910—————1. Chicago: 879,334
2. Indianapolis, IN: 491,044——2. Indianapolis: 482,195———–2. Columbus: 490,149
3. Columbus: 442,958————-3. Columbus: 470,971————-3. Indianapolis: 468,665
4. Portland, OR: 382,033———-4. Portland: 417,876—————4. Austin: 453,801
5. San Antonio, TX: 356,420—–5. Austin: 384,065——————5. Portland: 452,132
6. Austin, TX: 347,013————-6. San Antonio: 351,420———6. San Antonio: 375,463
7. Nashville, TN: 314,518——–7. Nashville: 339,030————–7. Nashville: 368,195
8. Charlotte, NC: 302,789——-8. Charlotte: 331,357—————8. Charlotte: 360,270
9. Virginia Beach, VA: 290,891–9. Virginia Beach: 282,812——9. Omaha: 311,349
10. San Jose, CA: 281,822—–10. Las Vegas: 280,604———–10. Las Vegas: 280,201
11. Las Vegas, NV: 281,679—-11. Omaha: 277,606———–11. Virginia Beach: 277,338
12. Omaha, NE: 267,685——–12. San Jose: 265,311————12. Kansas City: 272,548
13. Kansas City, MO: 249,123—13. Kansas City: 247,473——13. San Jose: 267,315
14. Wichita, KS: 245,527———-14. Wichita: 245,146————14. Minneapolis: 252,304
15. Milwaukee, WI: 219,891——15. Minneapolis: 242,848——15. Wichita: 243,143
16. Minneapolis, MN: 216,975—16. Milwaukee: 221,514——–16. Lincoln: 226,297
17. Lincoln, NE: 197,287———-17. Lincoln: 216,076————-17. Milwaukee: 207,043
18. Toledo: 183,746—————-18. Pittsburgh: 203,622———18. Pittsburgh: 196,687
19. Pittsburgh, PA: 180,725——19. Fort Wayne: 179,646——-19. Madison: 187,566
20. Madison, WI: 161,631——–20. Madison: 178,307————20. Fort Wayne: 166,912
21. St. Paul, MN: 161,329——–21. Toledo: 177,341————–21. Toledo: 164,104
22. Sacramento, CA: 160,599—22. Sacramento: 165,610——22. Sacramento: 159,291
23. Fort Wayne, IN: 157,672—–23. St. Paul: 159,704———–23. St. Paul: 152,558
24. Des Moines, IA: 149,786—–24. Des Moines: 145,937——24. Cincinnati: 143,028
25. Cleveland: 147,359———–25. Cincinnati: 143,120———25. Des Moines: 137,235
26. St. Louis, MO: 143,590——26. Cleveland: 137,977———26. St. Louis: 134,471
27. Cincinnati: 138,486———–27. St. Louis: 134,146———–27. Cleveland: 126,714
28. Akron: 128,976—————-28. Akron: 120,800————–28. Grand Rapids: 114,349
29. Grand Rapids, MI: 113,791—29. Grand Rapids: 104,636—29. Akron: 113,951
30. Orlando, FL: 92,326———–30. Orlando: 96,867————-30. Orlando: 95,876
31. Detroit, MI: 77,163————-31. Dayton: 72,663————–31. Dayton: 71,094
32. Dayton: 67,581—————–32. Providence: 64,284——–32. Detroit: 70,931
33. Providence, RI: 64,223——-33. Detroit: 55,298————–33. Providence: 59,321

Columbus moved from 3rd to 2nd over the period.

Rank by City of Total Black, non-Hispanic Population by Year
2005—————————————–2010———————————2017

1. Chicago: 938,097—————–1. Chicago: 895,294———–1. Chicago: 797,253
2. Detroit: 683,999——————–2. Detroit: 587,707————-2. Detroit: 529,593
3. Milwaukee: 222,040————–3. Charlotte: 251,274———-3. Charlotte: 292,104
4. Cleveland: 221,797—————4. Milwaukee: 230,473——–4. Columbus: 248,476
5. Charlotte: 205,216—————-5. Indianapolis: 226,314——-5. Indianapolis: 236,606
6. Indianapolis: 193,948————6. Columbus: 216,486———6. Milwaukee: 228,720
7. Columbus: 179,197—————7. Cleveland: 208,528———7. Cleveland: 186,073
8. St. Louis: 168,768—————-8. Nashville: 171,104———–8. Nashville: 180,830
9. Nashville: 148,051—————-9. St. Louis: 157,382———–9. St. Louis: 143,761
10. Kansas City: 131,694———-10. Kansas City: 138,461—–10. Kansas City: 138,346
11. Cincinnati: 131,010————-11. Cincinnati: 131,909——–11. Cincinnati: 127,589
12. Pittsburgh: 81,758————–12. Virginia Beach: 79,583—-12. San Antonio: 97,925
13. Virginia Beach: 80,004——–13. San Antonio: 79,307——13. Virginia Beach: 82,181
14. Orlando: 73,736—————–14. Toledo: 75,033————-14. Minneapolis: 75,006
15. Toledo: 72,190——————-15. Pittsburgh: 71,539——–15. Toledo: 74,906
16. Sacramento: 71,452————16. Orlando: 70,988————16. Orlando: 72,796
17. San Antonio: 70,723————17. Minneapolis: 63,749——17. Austin: 69,860
18. Dayton: 60,196——————-18. Sacramento: 61,976——18. Sacramento: 67,305
19. Akron: 59,810——————–19. Austin: 61,833————–19. Las Vegas: 65,663
20. Las Vegas: 59,780————–20. Dayton: 61,402————-20. Pittsburgh: 65,268
21. Austin: 59,583——————-21. Akron: 60,653—————-21. Akron: 61,461
22. Minneapolis: 57,499————22. Las Vegas: 60,187———22. Dayton: 57,043
23. Omaha: 50,333——————23. Omaha: 55,086————-23. Omaha: 56,098
24. Grand Rapids: 40,408———24. Wichita: 42,662————-24. St. Paul: 51,737
25. Wichita: 39,165—————–25. Grand Rapids: 41,848—–25. Wichita: 40,756
26. Fort Wayne: 35,221———–26. St. Paul: 41,923————-26. Grand Rapids: 38,130
27. St. Paul: 34,903—————-27. Fort Wayne: 39,016——–27. Fort Wayne: 37,941
28. Portland: 30,828—————28. Portland: 37,355————28. Portland: 34,624
29. San Jose: 27,446————–29. San Jose: 29,831———-29. San Jose: 28,126
30. Providence: 18,794———–30. Des Moines: 19,962——-30. Providence: 27,274
31. Des Moines: 16,709———-31. Providence: 19,265——–31. Des Moines: 22,170
32. Madison: 12,660————–32. Madison: 17,560————32. Madison: 14,185
33. Lincoln: 7,082——————33. Lincoln: 9,023—————33. Lincoln: 11,487

Columbus moved up from 7th to 4th in total Black, non-Hispanic during the period. Surprisingly, quite a few cities have actually been losing this demographic since 2010 at least.

Rank by City of Total Asian, non-Hispanic Population by Year
2005————————————-2010——————————————2017

1. San Jose: 269,186————–1. San Jose: 303,227—————–1. San Jose: 366,134
2. Chicago: 127,686—————-2. Chicago: 148,280——————2. Chicago: 179,176
3. Sacramento: 80,307————3. Sacramento: 84,556————-3. Sacramento: 93,476
4. Portland: 36,278—————–4. Austin: 46,575———————-4. Austin: 71,539
5. Austin: 35,239——————–5. Portland: 43,185——————-5. St. Paul: 61,082
6. St. Paul: 35,184——————6. St. Paul: 41,989——————-6. Charlotte: 55,142
7. Columbus: 27,125—————7. Las Vegas: 37,406—————7. Columbus: 53,027
8. Las Vegas: 25,077————–8. Charlotte: 37,181—————–8. Portland: 52,219
9. Charlotte: 23,356—————-9. Columbus: 35,468—————-9. Las Vegas: 44,735
10. Virginia Beach: 22,501——10. San Antonio: 29,200———–10. San Antonio: 38,119
11. San Antonio: 20,492———11. Virginia Beach: 27,303—–11. Virginia Beach: 29,735
12. Minneapolis: 20,189———12. Milwaukee: 22,670————–12. Minneapolis: 26,833
13. Milwaukee: 19,596———–13. Minneapolis: 21,426————13. Indianapolis: 26,548
14. Nashville: 16,943————-14. Wichita: 19,420——————14. Milwaukee: 25,624
15. Wichita: 15,417—————15. Indianapolis: 17,137————15. Madison: 24,455
16. Madison: 12,708————–16. Nashville: 17,045—————16. Nashville: 24,034
17. Indianapolis: 12,312———17. Madison: 16,671—————-17. Wichita: 19,548
18. Providence: 10,751———-18. Pittsburgh: 12,036————–18. Pittsburgh: 19,357
19. Pittsburgh: 10,727————19. Providence: 11,497————19. Omaha: 17,412
20. Kansas City: 10,674———20. Lincoln: 10,452——————20. Des Moines: 17,143
21. Detroit: 9,577——————21. Kansas City: 10,263———–21. Kansas City: 15,213
22. Des Moines: 8,796———–22. Des Moines: 8,867————-22. Fort Wayne: 14,039
23. Lincoln: 7,513—————–23. St. Louis: 8,717—————–23. Lincoln: 13,992
24. St. Louis: 7,046—————24. Omaha: 8,397——————-24. Orlando: 11,852
25. Omaha: 6,971—————–25. Orlando: 7,870——————25. Detroit: 11,790
26. Cincinnati: 6,874————-26. Fort Wayne: 6,945————–26. St. Louis: 10,404
27. Cleveland: 6,289————27. Detroit: 6,549———————27. Providence: 9,361
28. Orlando: 5,528—————28. Cincinnati: 5,938—————-28. Cleveland: 9,217
29. Fort Wayne: 4,241———-29. Cleveland: 5,392—————-29. Akron: 8,007
30. Toledo: 4,150—————-30. Akron: 4,567———————30. Cincinnati: 7,906
31. Akron: 3,497—————–31. Grand Rapids: 3,695———–31. Grand Rapids: 7,056
32. Grand Rapids: 2,847——32. Toledo: 3,125——————–32. Toledo: 3,679
33. Dayton: 1,827—————33. Dayton: 1,231——————–33. Dayton: 848

Columbus maintained its rank since 2005.

Rank by City of Total Hispanic Population by Year

2005——————————————–2010————————————2017

1. Chicago: 778,234—————1. San Antonio: 853,654———-1. San Antonio: 969,065
2. San Antonio: 735,458———–2. Chicago: 763,968—————2. Chicago: 787,978
3. San Jose: 279,420————–3. San Jose: 318,389————–3. San Jose: 332,603
4. Austin: 223,361——————4. Austin: 288,130——————4. Austin: 324,973
5. Las Vegas: 153,813————5. Las Vegas: 181,923————-5. Las Vegas: 219,220
6. Sacramento: 111,559———6. Sacramento: 124,461———–6. Sacramento: 141,752
7. Milwaukee: 80,945————-7. Milwaukee: 104,619————-7. Milwaukee: 133,812
8. Providence: 60,008————-8. Charlotte: 96,246—————-8. Charlotte: 122,904
9. Charlotte: 58,466—————9. Indianapolis: 78,467————-9. Indianapolis: 93,042
10. Wichita: 49,928—————10. Providence: 76,645————10. Orlando: 86,305
11. Indianapolis: 47,764———11. Nashville: 61,212—————11. Providence: 77,893
12. Detroit: 46,993—————-12. Wichita: 59,823——————12. Nashville: 69,574
13. Orlando: 43,978————–13. Portland: 58,986—————–13. Wichita: 68,389
14. Portland: 43,324————–14. Orlando: 56,061—————–14. Portland: 67,551
15. Omaha: 39,674—————15. Omaha: 53,661——————15. Omaha: 66,056
16. Nashville: 37,463————-16. Kansas City: 49,800————16. Columbus: 55,782
17. Minneapolis: 37,017———17. Detroit: 45,580——————-17. Detroit: 48,328
18. Kansas City: 35,995———18. Columbus: 43,276————–18. Cleveland: 47,962
19. Grand Rapids: 32,368——19. Cleveland: 36,067————–19. Minneapolis: 46,375
20. Cleveland: 32,085———–20. Minneapolis: 34,504———–20. Kansas City: 45,975
21. Columbus: 24,607———–21. Grand Rapids: 30,659——21. Virginia Beach: 36,723
22. St. Paul: 22,402————–22. Virginia Beach: 29,206—–22. Grand Rapids: 32,016
23. Virginia Beach: 20,803—–23. St. Paul: 28,725————–23. Des Moines: 31,333
24. Des Moines: 18,952——–24. Des Moines: 23,832———-24. St. Paul: 30,007
25. Toledo: 18,404————–25. Toledo: 21,346——————25. Fort Wayne: 24,724
26. Fort Wayne: 16,438——-26. Fort Wayne: 19,576————26. Toledo: 22,796
27. Madison: 11,997———–27. Lincoln: 16,007——————27. Lincoln: 21,921
28. Lincoln: 9,672—————28. Madison: 14,062—————28. Madison: 20,741
29. St. Louis: 8,268————-29. St. Louis: 11,207————–29. St. Louis: 12,447
30. Pittsburgh: 5,018———-30. Cincinnati: 8,710—————30. Cincinnati: 11,787
31. Cincinnati: 3,855———–31. Pittsburgh: 7,282————–31. Pittsburgh: 9,212
32. Akron: 3,485—————-32. Akron: 3,990——————–32. Dayton: 5,765
33. Dayton: 1,693————–33. Dayton: 3,180——————-33. Akron: 5,536

Columbus moved up from 21st to 16th in the total Hispanic population.

Rank by City of Total Other, non-Hispanic Population by Year

2005——————————————-2010—————————————–2017

1. Chicago: 38,694—————1. Chicago: 37,379——————–1. Chicago: 58,721
2. San Jose: 29,456————2. San Jose: 32,439——————–2. Portland: 41,595
3. Sacramento: 21,370———-3. Sacramento: 30,900—————3. San Jose: 41,175
4. Portland: 21,164————–4. Portland: 28,027———————4. Sacramento: 40,066
5. Indianapolis: 20,242———-5. Las Vegas: 24,521—————–5. Columbus: 34,467
6. Columbus: 20,096————-6. Columbus: 23,738—————–6. Indianapolis: 32,525
7. San Antonio: 19,130———-7. San Antonio: 20,778————–7. Las Vegas: 31,889
8. Minneapolis: 18,580———-8. Minneapolis: 20,753————–8. San Antonio: 31,341
9. Detroit: 18,324—————–9. Virginia Beach: 20,268———-9. Austin: 30,541
10. Las Vegas: 18,304———-10. Indianapolis: 20,086———-10. Charlotte: 28,632
11. Virginia Beach: 16,685—-11. Charlotte: 18,360————–11. Virginia Beach: 24,458
12. Milwaukee: 14,476———-12. Detroit: 16,776—————–12. Nashville: 23,334
13. Kansas City: 13,399——–13. Milwaukee: 16,311———–13. Minneapolis: 21,808
14. Austin: 13,261—————-14. Wichita: 16,091—————14. Milwaukee: 20,166
15. Charlotte: 11,771————-15. Omaha: 15,519————–15. Wichita: 18,763
16. Wichita: 11,545—————16. Austin: 14,915—————-16. Kansas City: 16,743
17. Omaha: 8,552—————–17. Kansas City: 14,668——–17. Omaha: 15,988
18. St. Paul: 7,741—————-18. Nashville: 14,227————18. Cleveland: 15,586
19. Toledo: 7,447—————–19. St. Paul: 13,098————–19. Orlando: 13,429
20. Cincinnati: 7,315————-20. Pittsburgh: 11,280———–20. Detroit: 12,461
21. Cleveland: 7,004————-21. Toledo: 10,134—————21. Pittsburgh: 11,890
22. Providence: 6,488———–22. Akron: 9,020——————22. St. Paul: 11,220
23. Pittsburgh: 6,138————23. Fort Wayne: 8,513———–23. Fort Wayne: 11,180
24. St. Louis: 6,058————–24. Cleveland: 8,276————-24. Lincoln: 11,037
25. Fort Wayne: 5,774———-25. St. Louis: 7,704————–25. Toledo: 11,009
26. Orlando: 5,731—————26. Lincoln: 7,483—————-26. Cincinnati: 10,995
27. Nashville: 5,687————-27. Grand Rapids: 7,376——–27. Des Moines: 9,627
28. Madison: 4,708————–28. Orlando: 7,251—————28. Akron: 8,894
29. Lincoln: 4,508—————-29. Cincinnati: 7,230————29. Madison: 8,292
30. Akron: 4,431—————–30. Madison: 7,177————–30. St. Louis: 7,543
31. Grand Rapids: 4,154——31. Providence: 6,471———–31. Grand Rapids: 7,260
32. Des Moines: 2,674———32. Des Moines: 5,598———-32. Providence: 6,539
33. Dayton: 1,382—————33. Dayton: 3,025—————-33. Dayton: 5,629

Finally, Columbus moved up from 6th to 5th in the total of Other, non-Hispanic population. Overall, Columbus ranks fairly well in totals vs. its peers, as one might expect given that it is one of the largest cities in the grouping. However, to truly find out how it compares with these other cities, you have to look at percentages, which tells how much of the city’s population is made up of each group.


Columbus ranks in the middle of the pack for its % of Non-Hispanic White population. Like in most cities, even while this demographic is growing in total numbers in Columbus, the % of total population continues to fall.


Columbus ranked in the top 3rd of peer cities for its % of Non-Hispanic Black population.


Columbus also ranked in the top 3rd for its Non-Hispanic Asian population.


Columbus ranks poorly with Hispanics in the group, ranking near the bottom.


Finally, Columbus ranks in the middle for its Non-Hispanic Other population.

So what’s the final ranking for where Columbus is with diversity compared to its peers in 2017? To find out, I assigned points based on ranked position in each 5 racial categories and took the average of the positions in each 5. The result is that the higher the average number, the lower the overall diversity.

So based on this, Columbus ranks in the top half of national and Midwest peers for diversity.

*Note: Normally, Youngstown would be included, but the data was not available.




Summer 2016

Now that Summer 2016 is but a memory, let’s take a quick look back at where it stands in the record books.

Temperature

Summer 2016 Means
June-August Mean High: 85.5
June-August Mean Rank since 1878: 26th Warmest
While the average high for Summer 2016 was certainly warm, it fell just outside of the top 25. By comparison to recent years, 2010 (85.6), 2011 (85.7) and 2012 (87.7) all had warmer average highs.

June-August Mean Low: 66.1
June-August Mean Low Rank since 1878: 4th Warmest
The average low for the summer is what made 2016 much more exceptional. No recent years (last decade) were warmer, although 2010 did tie.

June-August Mean: 75.8
June-August Mean Rank since 1878: 10th
So if you thought this summer was hot, well you were right. Only 2010 (75.9) and 2012 (76.4) were warmer of any recent years.

Monthly Means
June Mean: 73.2
June Mean Rank since 1878: 17th Warmest
July Mean: 76.6
July Mean Rank since 1878: 20th Warmest
August Mean: 77.6
August Mean Rank since 1878: 6th Warmest
The summer gradually became hotter as it went on.

Summer 2016 Misc. Temperature Stats
# of 90+ Days: 18
90+ Days Rank: 22nd
Warmest High: 95
Warmest Low: 77
Coldest High: 72
Coldest Low: 48

Daily Temperature Records
June 11th: Record Warm Maximum Tie: 95: Tied with 1914 and 1933.
August 10th: Record Warm Minimum Tie: 75: Tied with 2001.
August 11th: Record Warm Minimum Tie: 76: Tied with 1918.
August 12th: Record Warm Minimum: 76: Beat record from 1947.
August 13th: Record Warm Minimum Tie: 75: Tied with 1995.

Precipitation

June-July Precipitation Total: 13.53″
June-July Precipitation Rank since 1878: 29th Wettest
Besides being warm, Summer 2016 was also fairly wet.

Monthly Precipitation Stats
June Precipitation: 5.22″
June Precipitation Rank since 1878: 29th
July Precipitation: 2.49″
July Precipitation Rank since 1878: 27th Driest
August Precipitation: 5.82″
August Precipitation Rank since 1878: 13th Wettest
So the summer was bookended by wet months with July being fairly dry.

Summer 2016 Misc. Precipitation Stats
Total Precipitation Days (including Trace): 45
Total Measurable Precipitation Days: 30
Measurable Precipitation Days Rank since 1878: 16th Highest
Days with 0.25″ or Higher: 16
Days with 0.50″ or Higher: 10
Days with 1.00″ or Higher: 4

Daily Precipitation Records
June 23rd: 2.75″: Beat the old record in 1901.

Worst Winters of All Time?

As summer slowly approaches its inevitable end, thoughts of winter have started to creep into our minds. The last two winters seemed particularly harsh, and questions were often asked as to their historic status as well as whether another bad winter was on the way. Ask any older person in Ohio, and the winters between 1976 and 1979 will often come up. But do they really deserve their reputations? To find out, I came up with a ranking system for meteorological winter only- December through February. Here was the criteria:

Temperature: # of 32 or Below Highs, # of 32 or Below Lows, # of 0 or Below Highs, # of 0 or Below Lows: Each earned the winter a point for each day that featured these conditions.
# of 60 or Above Highs and # of 50 or Above Lows meant a point was removed for each occurrence.

Precipitation: # of Days with Measurable Snowfall, # of 1″+ Snow Days, # of 2.5″+ Snow Days, # of 5″+ Snow Days, # of 10″+ Snow Days as well as # of Measurable Precipitation Days all counted as 1 point for each occurrence.

I then added the temperature and precipitation points together to come up with a ranking for how miserable each winter really was.

Here are the 30 worst winters of all time and their total points.

1. 1976-1977: 240
2. 1977-1978: 238
3. 1969-1970: 230
4. 2002-2003: 228
5. 1978-1979: 226
6. 1880-1881: 225
7. 1917-1918: 223
8. 1935-1936: 220
9. 2013-2014: 219
10. 1892-1893, 1962-1963: 218
11. 1909-1910: 217
12. 1995-1996, 2009-2010: 208
13. 2010-2011: 207
14. 1903-1904: 204
15. 1981-1982: 202
16. 1911-1912, 1963-1964: 197
17. 1886-1887, 1919-1920: 196
18. 1904-1905: 195
19. 1984-1985: 194
20. 1916-1917: 193
21. 1894-1895: 191
22. 1883-1884: 189
23. 2000-2001: 188
24. 1947-1948, 1961-1962: 187
25. 1993-1994: 186
26. 1884-1885, 1939-1940: 185
27. 1983-1984, 1987-1988: 183
28. 1902-1903, 2014-2015: 182
29. 1954-1955: 180
30. 1878-1879, 1882-1883, 1960-1961, 1985-1986, 2003-2004, 2008-2009: 179

Do any of these surprise you? Both 2013-2014 and 2014-2015 are in the top 30 worst, but only 2013-2014 is in the top 10. In fact, other recent winters like 2000-2001, 2002-2003, 2009-2010 and 2010-2011 are all ranked worse than last winter. There have been a surprising number of recent winters in the top 30, however. There have been 8 total since 2000. No other similar time frame has produced as many.

And here are the 30 best winters (if you like warm, snowless, dry winters, that is).

1. 1931-1932: 74
2. 1889-1890: 75
3. 1879-1880: 86
4. 1997-1998: 102
5. 1881-1882, 1943-1944: 111
6. 2001-2002: 112
7. 1996-1997: 115
8. 1948-1949, 1953-1954: 118
9. 1941-1942, 1982-1983: 120
10. 1918-1919: 122
11. 1936-1937: 123
12. 1932-1933, 1991-1992: 124
13. 1930-1931: 125
14. 1905-1906, 1972-1973: 126
15. 1949-1950: 128
16. 1897-1898, 1986-1987: 129
17. 2011-2012: 130
18. 1938-1939: 131
19. 1937-1938: 134
20. 1908-1909, 1920-1921, 2005-2006: 135
21. 1924-1925: 137
22. 1896-1897: 138
23. 1927-1928, 1929-1930, 1940-1941, 1990-1991: 139
24. 1952-1953: 140
25. 1921-1922, 1945-1946, 1998-1999: 141
26. 1988-1989: 143
27. 1891-1892: 144
28. 1946-1947, 1971-1972: 145
29. 1912-1913, 1934-1935: 147
30. 1923-1924, 1992-1993: 148

Look how many of the warmest/least snowy occur between 1920 and 1945. Historically, this period had the fewest number of cold and/or snowy winters on record of any such 25-year period.

And what about winter 2015-2016? Well, that remains to be seen. However, the developing strong El Nino suggests a warmer than average winter. However, factors such as its position (west or east-based) as well as the PDO could throw some wrenches into that standard El Nino forecast. Either way, it will likely not be a top 30 worst.

Columbus: 2014 Population Estimates and the Future

In the recent 2014 city population estimates, Columbus remained the 15th largest in the United States. I wanted to take a look at how it is doing compared to other large
national cities along with Midwest peers.

July 1, 2014 City Population Estimate by National Rank
1. New York, NY: 8,491,079
2. Los Angeles, CA: 3,928,864
3. Chicago, IL: 2,722,389
4. Houston, TX: 2,239,558
5. Philadelphia, PA: 1,560,297
6. Phoenix, AZ: 1,537,058
7. San Antonio, TX: 1,436,697
8. San Diego, CA: 1,381,069
9. Dallas, TX: 1,281,047
10. San Jose, CA: 1,015,785
11. Austin, TX: 912,791
12. Jacksonville, FL: 853,382
13. San Francisco, CA: 852,469
14. Indianapolis: 848,788
15. Columbus: 835,957
16. Ft. Worth, TX: 812,238
17. Charlotte, NC: 809,958
18. Detroit, MI: 680,250
19. El Paso, TX: 679,036
20. Seattle, WA: 668,342
21. Denver, CO: 663,862
22. Washington, DC: 658,893
23. Memphis, TN: 656,861
24. Boston, MA: 655,884
25. Nashville, TN: 644,014
26. Baltimore, MD: 622,793
27. Oklahoma City, OK: 620,602
28. Portland, OR: 619,360
29. Las Vegas, NV: 613,599
30. Louisville, KY: 612,780
31. Milwaukee, WI: 599,642
32. Albuquerque, NM: 557,169
33. Tucson, AZ: 527,972
34. Fresno, CA: 515,986
35. Sacramento, CA: 485,199
36. Long Beach, CA: 473,577
37. Kansas City, MO : 470,800
38. Mesa, AZ: 464,704
39. Atlanta, GA: 464,704
40. Virginia Beach, VA: 450,980
41. Omaha, NE: 446,599
42. Colorado Springs, CO: 445,830
43. Raleigh, NC: 439,896
44. Miami, FL: 430,332
45. Oakland, CA: 413,775
46. Minneapolis, MN: 407,207
47. Tulsa, OK: 399,682
48. Cleveland: 389,521
49. Wichita, KS: 388,413
50. New Orleans, LA: 384,320
60. St. Louis, MO: 317,419
62. Pittsburgh, PA: 305,412
65. Cincinnati: 298,165
66. St. Paul, MN: 297,640
68. Toledo, OH: 281,031
72. Lincoln, NE: 272,996
73. Orlando, FL: 262,372
77. Fort Wayne, IN: 258,522
83. Madison, WI: 245,691
105. Des Moines, IA: 209,220
118. Akron: 197,859
183. Dayton: 141,003
472. Canton: 72,297
545. Youngstown: 65,062


Total Population Change 2013-2014 and Census 2010-2014 in ()

1. New York, NY: +52,700 (+316,120)
2. Houston, TX: +35,752 (+142,897)
3. Los Angeles, CA: +30,924 (+136,207)
4. Austin, TX: +25,667 (+101,333)
5. San Antonio, TX: +24,931 (+109,141)
6. Phoenix, AZ: +24,616 (+89,441)
7. San Diego, CA: +21,225 (+79,448)
8. Dallas, TX: +20,322 (+83,255)
9. Fort Worth, TX: +18,183 (+70,178)
10. Charlotte, NC: +16,007 (+74,200)
11. Denver, CO: +15,461 (+63,837)
12. Seattle, WA: +14,938 (+59,684)
13. Columbus: +12,421 (+47,303)
14. San Jose, CA: +11,964 (+63,225)
15. San Francisco, CA: +11,331 (+47,274)
16. Las Vegas, NV: +9,929 (+29,359)
17. Portland, OR: +9,840 (+35,571)
18. Washington, DC: +9,782 (+57,126)
19. Oklahoma City, OK: +9,572 (+40,594)
20. Jacksonville, FL: +9,368 (+31,598)
21. Nashville, TN: +9,144 (+40,508)
22. Miami, FL: +8,969 (+30,824)
23. Raleigh, NC: +8,179 (+35,925)
24. Atlanta, GA: +7,593 (+34,746)
25. Orlando, FL: +6,940 (+23,538)
26. Minneapolis, MN: +6,560 (+24,608)
27. Mesa, AZ: +6,357 (+24,839)
28. Oakland, CA: +6,108 (+22,870)
29. Boston, MA: +5,967 (+38,204)
30. Fresno, CA: +5,698 (+19,906)
31. Colorado Springs, CO: +5,693 (+28,489)
32. Omaha, NE: +5,552 (+23,272)
33. Indianapolis, IN: +5,413 (+28,347)
34. New Orleans, LA: +5,314 (+40,491)
35. Sacramento, CA: +4,975 (+18,711)
36. Philadelphia, PA: +4,245 (+34,291)
37. Lincoln, NE: +4,041 (+14,528)
38. Kansas City, MO: +3,547 (+11,013)
39. Madison, WI: +2,479 (+12,362)
40. Louisville, KY: +2,305 (+15,515)
41. El Paso, TX: +2,245 (+29,903)
42. St. Paul, MN: +2,209 (+12,572)
43. Long Beach, CA: +2,097 (+11,320)
44. Virginia Beach, VA: +1,672 (+13,014)
45. Fort Wayne, IN: +1,658 (+4,822)
46. Des Moines, IA: +1,565 (+5,034)
47. Tucson, AZ: +1,450 (+7,411)
48. Wichita, KS: +1,361 (+6,027)
49. Tulsa, OK: +1,278 (+7,760)
50. Cincinnati: +547 (+1,215)
51. Albuquerque, NM: +336 (+10,809)
52. Milwaukee, WI: +139 (+4,904)
53. Chicago, IL: +82 (+26,791)
54. Canton: -267 (-720)
55. Akron: -299 (-1,233)
56. Youngstown: -431 (-1,920)
57. Baltimore, MD: -611 (+1,672)
58. Dayton: -897 (-758)
59. St. Louis, MO: -1,077 (-1,946)
60. Pittsburgh, PA: -1,314 (-290)
61. Toledo: -1,602 (-6,175)
62. Cleveland: -1,635 (-7,176)
63. Memphis, TN: -1,647 (+5,003)
64. Detroit, MI: -6,424 (-33,612)

Columbus was the 13th fastest growing major city from 2013-2014, and the 15th fastest-growing from the 2010 Census to 2014. It was also the fastest-growing Midwestern city and the 2nd fastest-growing outside of the South and West, behind only New York.

But what about future population rankings? Currently, Columbus is 15th largest, but what about by 2020 and beyond? It’s difficult to project population out very far because rates can change significantly over time. Assuming that all cities grow at the same rate through say, 2030, where might Columbus be?

The chart is somewhat difficult to read, so let me explain. Each city has projected numbers for each 5-year period starting at 2015 and going to 2035. You can rank the cities by looking at where the numbers are on the chart relative to each other. Here is Columbus’ ranking on the chart:

2015: 6th, behind Austin, San Francisco, San Jose, Jacksonville and Indianapolis. It would remain 15th place nationally.
2020: 5th, behind Austin, Fort Worth, San Francisco and San Jose. It would rank 14th place nationally.
2025: 6th, behind Austin, Forth Worth, Charlotte, San Francisco and San Jose. It would rank 15th place nationally.
2030: 5th, behind Austin, Fort Worth, Charlotte and San Jose. It would rank 14th nationally.
2035: 5th, again behind Austin, Fort Worth, Charlotte and San Jose. It would remain ranked 14th nationally.

So it seems Columbus may actually move up on the list a spot over time. If any cities slow down or speed up, obviously that could change.

2014 City Population Estimates

The Census has released new estimates for July 1, 2013-July 1, 2014 for all 100 incorporated places of the metro area.

Total Population July 1, 2014
1. Columbus: 835,957
2. Newark (Licking): 47,839
3. Dublin: 44,214
4. Lancaster (Fairfield): 39,595
5. Grove City: 38,519
6. Westerville: 37,667
7. Delaware (Delaware): 37,372
8. Reynoldsburg: 36,711
9. Upper Arlington: 34,609
10. Gahanna: 34,257
11. Hilliard: 32,465
12. Marysville (Union): 22,708
13. Pickerington (Fairfield): 19,408
14. Whitehall: 18,558
15. Pataskala (Licking): 15,192
16. Worthington: 14,384
17. Bexley: 13,517
18. Circleville (Pickaway): 13,455
19. Powell (Delaware): 12,511
20. Heath (Licking): 10,456
21. London (Madison): 10,056
22. New Albany: 9,202
23. Canal Winchester: 7,704
24. Grandview Heights: 7,244
25. Logan (Hocking): 7,154
26. Granville (Licking): 5,723
27. Groveport: 5,672
28. Sunbury (Delaware): 4,909
29. Johnstown (Licking): 4,870
30. New Lexington (Perry): 4,717
31. Obetz: 4,706
32. Plain City (Madison): 4,295
33. West Jefferson (Madison): 4,272
34. Ashville (Pickaway): 4,149
35. Mount Gilead (Morrow): 3,662
36. Baltimore (Fairfield): 2,962
37. Buckeye Lake (Licking): 2,737
38. Crooksville (Perry): 2,493
39. Hebron (Licking): 2,386
40. Richwood (Union): 2,251
41. Utica (Licking): 2,176
42. Cardington (Morrow): 2,054
43. South Bloomfield (Pickaway): 1,812
44. Mount Sterling (Madison): 1,748
45. Commercial Point (Pickaway): 1,599
46. Somerset (Perry): 1,461
47. Bremen (Fairfield): 1,436
48. Ashley (Delaware): 1,354
49. Minerva Park: 1,306
50. Lithopolis (Fairfield): 1,290
51. Hanover (Licking): 1,103
52. Millersport (Fairfield): 1,048
53. Williamsport (Pickaway): 1,043
54. Urbancrest: 1,011
55. Thornville (Perry): 992
56. Pleasantville (Fairfield): 958
57. New Holland (Pickaway): 832
58. Milford Center (Union): 813
59. Junction City (Perry): 809
60. Amanda (Fairfield): 748
61. Shawnee Hills (Delaware): 729
62. New Straitsville (Perry): 713
63. Galena (Delaware): 684
64. Ostrander (Delaware): 674
65. Shawnee (Perry): 645
66. Valleyview: 630
67. Thurston (Fairfield): 609
68. Marble Cliff: 581
69. Corning (Perry): 573
70. Riverlea: 564
71. Stoutsville (Fairfield): 564
72. Kirkersville (Licking): 536
73. Carroll (Fairfield): 521
74. Laurelville (Hocking): 521
75. Alexandria (Licking): 518
76. Murray City (Hocking): 440
77. Edison (Morrow): 438
78. Sugar Grove (Fairfield): 429
79. Hartford (Licking): 400
80. St. Louisville (Licking): 374
81. South Solon (Madison): 361
82. Marengo (Morrow): 346
83. Harrisburg: 331
84. Midway (Madison): 327
85. Rushville (Fairfield): 304
86. Orient (Pickaway): 275
87. Magnetic Springs (Union): 273
88. Fulton (Morrow): 261
89. Lockbourne: 245
90. Unionville Center (Union): 236
91. Chesterville (Morrow): 231
92. Tarlton (Pickaway): 288
93. Darbyville (Pickaway): 226
94. Gratiot (Licking): 223
95. Glenford (Perry): 176
96. Sparta (Morrow): 163
97. Hemlock (Perry): 155
98. West Rushville (Fairfield): 135
99. Brice: 120
100. Rendville (Perry): 36

Total Change July 1st 2013-July 1, 2014 and Census 2010-July 1, 2014 in ()

1. Columbus: +12,241 (+48,924)
2. Hilliard: +1,458 (+4,030)
3. Grove City: +1,000 (+2,944)
4. Delaware: +764 (+2,619)
5. Dublin: +585 (+2,463)
6. Worthington: +522(+809)
7. New Albany: +373 (+1,478)
8. Pickerington: +356 (+1,117)
9. Powell: +279 (+1,011)
10. Lancaster: +279 (+815)
11. Grandview Heights: +273 (+708)
12. Marysville: +262 (+614)
13. Gahanna: +190 (+1,009)
14. Reynoldsburg: +186 (+818)
15. Sunbury: +179 (+520)
16. Canal Winchester: +162 (+603)
17. Upper Arlington: +141 (+838)
18. Westeville: +115 (+1,547)
19. London: +90 (+152)
20. Circleville: +84 (+141)
21. Lithopolis: +68 (+184)
22. Newark: +65 (+266)
23. Plain City: +51 (+70)
24. Whitehall: +48 (+496)
25. Bexley: +46 (+460)
26. Logan: +42 (+2)
27. Johnstown: +41 (+238)
28. Hanover: +41 (+182)
29. West Jefferson: +41 (+50)
30. Groveport: +34 (+309)
31. Ashville: +31 (+52)
32. Pataskala: +26 (+230)
33. South Bloomfield: +26 (+68)
34. Urbancrest: +26 (+51)
35. Obetz: +25 (+174)
36. Hebron: +20 (+50)
37. Buckeye Lake: +19 (-9)
38. Utica: +17 (+44)
39. Mount Sterling: +17 (-34)
40. Heath: +16 (+146)
41. Galena: +15 (+31)
42. Ostrander: +15 (+31)
43. Commercial Point: +11 (+17)
44. Richwood: +9 (+22)
45. Williamsport: +9 (+20)
46. Baltimore: +8 (-4)
47. Cardington: +7 (+7)
48. Amanda: +6 (+11)
49. Millersport: +5 (+4)
50. New Holland: +4 (+31)
51. Milford Center: +4 (+21)
52. Bremen: +4 (+11)
53. Kirkersville: +4 (+11)
54. South Solon: +4 (+6)
55. Alexandria: +4 (+1)
56. Shawnee Hills: +3 (+48)
57. Minverva Park: +3 (+34)
58. Riverlea: +3 (+19)
59. Marble Cliff: +3 (+8)
60. Tarlton: +3 (+6)
61. Midway: +3 (+5)
62. Thurston: +3 (+5)
63. Ashley: +2 (+24)
64. Harrisburg: +2 (+11)
65. Magnetic Springs: +2 (+5)
66. Orient: +2 (+5)
67. Darbyville: +2 (+4)
68. Stoutsville: +2 (+4)
69. Sugar Grove: +2 (+3)
70. Pleasantville: +2 (-2)
71. Lockbourne: +1 (+8)
72. Brice: +1 (+6)
73. Marengo: +1 (+4)
74. Chesterville: +1 (+3)
75. Fulton: +1 (+3)
76. Hartford: +1 (+3)
77. Unionville Center: +1 (+3)
78. Gratiot: +1 (+2)
79. Mount Gilead: +1 (+2)
80. Rushville: +1 (+2)
81. St. Louisville: +1 (+1)
82. West Rushville: +1 (+1)
83. Laurelville: +1 (-6)
84. Valleyview: 0 (+10)
85. Glenford: 0 (+3)
86. Sparta: 0 (+2)
87. Thornville: 0 (+1)
88. Hemlock: 0 (0)
89. Rendville: 0 (0)
90. Carroll: 0 (-3)
91. Murray City: 0 (-9)
92. Edison: -1 (+1)
93. Granville: -2 (+77)
94. Corning: -3 (-10)
95. New Straitsville: -3 (-9)
96. Junction City: -4 (-10)
97. Shawnee: -4 (-10)
98. Somerset: -7 (-20)
99. Crooksville: -14 (-41)
100. New Lexington: -24 (-14)

Places growing 2013-2014: 83 of 100 or 83%.
Places growing 2010-2014: 84 of 100 or 84%.

Places that grew 2000-2010: 70 of 100 or 70%.