Columbus Metro vs. National and Midwest Peer GDP



This post is largely just an update of previous versions, and now includes data for 2017, the latest year available.

Rank of Major Midwest Metros and Columbus National Peers by GDP, 2001 and 2017
In Millions
2001————————————————————–2017

1. Chicago: $502,222.7——————-1. Chicago: $583,137.2
2. Detroit: $217,366.5——————–2. San Jose: $256,419.3
3. Minneapolis: $176,780.9————–3.Detroit: $228,069.4
4. San Jose: $128,869.7——————4. Minneapolis: $226,151.9
5. St. Louis: $126,476.1——————-5. Portland: $156,552.6
6. Pittsburgh: $106,840.3—————6. St. Louis: $139,508.7
7. Cleveland: $103,743.4—————–7. Austin: $135,072.4
8. Cincinnati: $96,633.3——————8. Pittsburgh: $131,221.8
9. Indianapolis: $94,562.8—————-9. Indianapolis: $122,607.7
10. Kansas City: $92,306.6————–10. Cleveland: $120,380.2
11. Sacramento: $85,624.2————–11. Cincinnati: $119,222.7
12. Columbus: $85,481.4—————–12. Columbus: $117,249.9
13. Portland, OR: $84,793.6————-13. Nashville: $115,716.5
14. Milwaukee: $77,852.2—————-14. Kansas City: $114,418.2
15. Virginia Beach, VA: $69,736.1——-15. Sacramento: $108,731.8
16. Las Vegas: $68,883.0—————-16. Las Vegas: $96,061.8
17. Nashville: $68,332.6——————17. Milwaukee: $91,961.9
18. Austin: $62,312.4———————18. Virginia Beach: $81,820.7
19. Providence, RI: $61,594.2———–19. Providence: $71,739.2
20. Jacksonville, FL: $49,447.8———20. Jacksonville: $65,829.8
21. Grand Rapids, MI: $42,329.6——–21. Omaha: $56,228.7
22. Omaha, NE: $39,148.8—————22. Grand Rapids: $52,734.5
23. Dayton: $35,227.9——————–23. Des Moines: $49,031.4
24. Madison, WI: $29,854.1————–24. Madison: $43,597.4
25. Des Moines, IA: $28,118.4———–25. Dayton: $35,396.9
26. Akron: $27,124.1———————-26. Akron: $32,386.3
27. Toledo: $26,129.5———————27. Wichita: $29,825.3
28. Wichita, KS: $25,465.4—————28. Toledo: $28,299.8
29. Youngstown: $19,767.5————–29. Fort Wayne: $19,786.0
30. Fort Wayne, IN: $16,048.8———–30. Lincoln: $17,300.5
31. Canton: $13,932.2———————31. Youngstown: $17,257.5
32. Lincoln, NE: $12,537.4—————-32. Canton: $14,901.4

Rank by Total Change in Millions 2001-2017
1. San Jose: +$127,549.6
2. Chicago: +$80,914.5
3. Austin: +$72,760
4. Portland: +$71,759
5. Minneapolis: +$49,371
6. Nashville: +$47,383.9
7. Columbus: +$31,768.5
8. Indianapolis: +$28,044.9
9. Las Vegas: +$27,178.8
10. Pittsburgh: +$24,381.5
11. Sacramento: +$23,107.6
12. Cincinnati: +$22,589.4
13. Kansas City: +$22,111.6
14. Des Moines: +$20,913
15. Omaha: +$17,079.9
16. Cleveland: +$16,636.8
17. Jacksonville: +$16,382
18. Milwaukee: +$14,109.7
19. Madison: +$13,743.3
20. St. Louis: +$13,032.6
21. Virginia Beach: +$12,084.6
22. Detroit: +$10,702.9
23. Grand Rapids: +$10,404.9
24. Providence: +$10,145
25. Akron: +$5,262.2
26. Lincoln: +$4,763.1
27. Wichita: +$4,359.9
28. Fort Wayne: +$3,737.2
29. Toledo: +$2,170.3
30. Canton: +$969.2
31. Dayton: +$169
32. Youngstown: -$2,510

Total Rank by % Change 2001-2017
1. Austin: +116.8%
2. San Jose: +99.0%
3. Portland: +84.6%
4. Des Moines: +74.4%
5. Nashville: +69.3%
6. Madison: +46.0%
7. Omaha: +43.6%
8. Las Vegas: +39.5%
9. Lincoln: +38.0%
10. Columbus: +37.2%
11. Virginia Beach: +33.1%
12. Indianapolis: +29.7%
13. Minneapolis: +27.9%
14. Sacramento: +27.0%
15. Grand Rapids: +24.6%
16. Kansas City: +24.0%
17. Cincinnati: +23.4%
18. Fort Wayne: +23.3%
19. Pittsburgh: +22.8%
20. Akron: +19.4%
21. Milwaukee: +18.1%
22. Virginia Beach: +17.3%
23. Wichita: +17.1%
24. Providence: +16.5%
25. Chicago: +16.1%
26. Cleveland: +16.0%
27. St. Louis: +10.3%
28. Toledo: +8.3%
29. Canton: +7.0%
30. Detroit: +4.9%
31. Dayton: +0.5%
32. Youngstown: -12.7%

Finally, let’s take a look at per-capita GDP and income.

Rank of Metros by Per-Capita GDP in Dollars, 2017
1. San Jose: $128,308
2. Des Moines: $75,910
3. Madison: $66,639
4. Austin: $63,839
5. Portland: $63,817
6. Minneapolis: $62,809
7. Chicago: $61,170
8. Nashville: $60,806
9. Indianapolis: $60,439
10. Omaha: $60,246
11. Cleveland: $58,470
12. Milwaukee: $58,343
13. Columbus: $56,405
14. Pittsburgh: $56,237
15. Cincinnati: $54,712
16. Kansas City: $53,745
17. Detroit: $52,879
18. Lincoln: $52,185
19. Grand Rapids: $49,791
20. St. Louis: $49,694
21. Virginia Beach: $47,426
22. Toledo: $46,880
23. Sacramento: $46,769
24. Akron: $46,036
25. Wichita: $45,862
26. Fort Wayne: $45,525
27. Providence: $44,253
28. Dayton: $44,058
29. Jacksonville: $43,741
30. Las Vegas: $43,584
31. Canton: $37,260
32. Youngstown: $31,845

Total Per-Capita GDP Growth 2001-2017, in Dollars
1. San Jose: +$54,361
2. Portland: +$20,800
3. Des Moines: +$18,497
4. Austin: +$16,680
5. Nashville: +$12,315
6. Pittsburgh: +$12,043
7. Madison: +$11,838
8. Cleveland: +$10,032
9. Omaha: +$9,807
10. Akron: +$7,182
11. Milwaukee: +$6,691
12. Cincinnati: +$6,689
13. Providence: +$6,646
14. Chicago: +$6,399
15. Columbus: +$6,322
16. Lincoln: +$5,962
17. Minneapolis: +$5,536
18. Grand Rapids: +$4,977
19. Fort Wayne: +$4,748
20. Toledo: +$4,670
21. Indianapolis: +$4,392
22. Detroit: +$4,162
23. Virginia Beach: +$3,663
24. Kansas City: +$3,511
25. Canton: +$2,966
26. St. Louis: +$2,679
27. Wichita: +$2,260
28. Sacramento: +$890
29. Jacksonville: +$671
30. Dayton: +$268
31. Youngstown: -$1,149
32. Las Vegas: -$3,580

Columbus is not performing as well in this metric. In Ohio, Columbus is poised to become Ohio’s largest metro economy eventually, but may lag behind on a per-capita basis.



2018 Columbus and Peer Foreign-Born Population Comparison



In the ongoing series discussing topics related to the 2018 Census demographic estimates, today I will update the foreign-born population comparison.  Beyond the simple comparison, I will also talk about the regions and countries that the foreign-born populations come from.

Total Foreign-Born Population Rank by City 2010 and 2018
2010————————————-——-2018

1. Chicago: 557,674—————1. Chicago: 540,738
2. San Jose: 366,194————-2. San Jose: 407,839
3. Austin: 148,431—————-3. Austin: 180,544
4. Las Vegas: 130,503———–4. Las Vegas: 133,033
5. Sacramento: 96,105———-5. Columbus: 125,339
6. Columbus: 86,663————-6. Sacramento: 114,786
7. Portland: 83,026—————7. Jacksonville: 111,798
8. Jacksonville: 77,145——–8. Nashville: 95,040
9. Indianapolis: 74,707——–9. Portland: 90,728
10. Nashville: 73,327———-10. Indianapolis: 81,764
11. Minneapolis: 57,846——11. Minneapolis: 68,131
12. Milwaukee: 57,222——–12. St. Paul: 59,381
13. Providence: 52,920——-13. Milwaukee: 57,647
14. St. Paul: 50,366———–14. Omaha: 50,279
15. Virginia Beach: 40,756—15. Providence ;46,995
16. Omaha: 39,288————16. Detroit: 44,520
17. Wichita: 39,128————17. Kansas City: 43,485
18. Kansas City: 35,532——18. Virginia Beach: 43,385
19. Detroit: 34,307————19. Wichita: 42,171
20. Madison: 24,929———20. Madison: 32,622
21. St. Louis: 23,011———-21. Des Moines: 31,013
22. Lincoln: 22,214———–22. Pittsburgh: 26,569
23. Des Moines: 20,798—–23. Lincoln: 23,309
24. Pittsburgh: 18,698——24. Fort Wayne: 22,489
25. Cleveland: 17,739——-25. Cleveland: 21,838
26. Grand Rapids: 16,615—26. St. Louis: 21,538
27. Cincinnati: 16,531——-27. Cincinnati: 20,592
28. Fort Wayne: 15,286—-28. Grand Rapids: 20,032
29. Toledo: 11,159———–29. Akron: 13,649
30. Akron: 8,524————30. Toledo: 9,038
31. Dayton: 5,102———–31. Dayton: 7,311
32. Youngstown: 3,695—-32. Canton: 3,241
33. Canton: 1,343———–33: Youngstown: 976

Here’s the 2010-2018 total change.

And the 2010-2018 change by %.

Columbus has done very well in both total and % growth of its foreign-born population since 2010.

So now that we know how many foreign-born immigrants are arriving and how fast, let’s take a look at where they are coming from.

Total Foreign-Born Residents From Europe in 2000 and 2018
2000———————————————–2018

1. Chicago: 145,462———————1. Chicago: 91,397
2. San Jose: 21,904———————2. San Jose: 22,043
3. Portland: 17,572———————-3. Jacksonville: 18,808
4. Jacksonville: 10,883————4. Portland: 17,016
5. Las Vegas: 9,070—————-5. Austin: 11,981
6. Cleveland: 8,796—————-6. Las Vegas: 11,472
7. St. Louis: 8,543——————7. Columbus: 8,141
8. Sacramento: 8,204————-8. Nashville: 8,108
9. Milwaukee: 7,841—————9. Virginia Beach: 6,710
10. Austin: 7,474——————10. Sacramento: 6,275
11. Pittsburgh: 7,413————–11. Pittsburgh: 5,047
12. Columbus: 7,017————–12. Minneapolis: 5,031
13. Indianapolis: 6,543———–13. Omaha: 3,845
14. Virginia Beach: 6,333——–14. St. Louis: 4,711
15. Detroit: 5,600—————–15. Indianapolis: 4,199
16. Minneapolis: 5,409———–16. Omaha: 3,845
17. Providence: 5,126————-17. Milwaukee: 3,808
18. Nashville: 4,859—————18. Madison: 3,519
19. Cincinnati: 3,851————–19. Providence: 3,030
20. Grand Rapids: 3,396———20. Lincoln: 2,777
21. Omaha: 3,320—————–21. Cincinnati: 2,738
22. St. Paul: 3,255—————-22. St. Paul: 2,449
23. Des Moines: 3,216———–23. Grand Rapids: 2,336
24. Kansas City: 2,985———-24. Kansas City: 2,320
25. Madison: 2,871—————25. Fort Wayne: 2,235
26. Lincoln: 2,701—————-26. Wichita: 1,851
27. Akron: 2,687—————–27. Detroit: 1,767
28. Fort Wayne: 2076———–28. Akron: 1,580
29. Toledo: 2,020—————-29. Des Moines: 1,042
30. Wichita: 2,004————–30. Toledo: 496
31. Dayton: 901——————31. Canton: 347
32. Youngstown: 870———–32. Dayton: 347
33. Canton: 590—————–33. Youngstown: 337

Columbus had more European immigrants than most in 2000 and 2018, and was one of the relatively few cities that saw an increase by 2018.

Total Foreign-born Population from Asia 2000 and 2018
2000————————————————–2018

1. San Jose: 182,712—————————1. San Jose: 256,504
2. Chicago: 112,932—————————2. Chicago: 144,970
3. Sacramento: 40,253———————3. Austin: 59,711
4. Portland: 26,271—————————4. Sacramento: 56,084
5. Austin: 25,036——————————5. Columbus: 49,185
6. St. Paul: 23,245———————-6. Portland: 42,245
7. Columbus: 22,354——————-7. Jacksonville: 39,543
8. Jacksonville: 17,427—————–8. Las Vegas: 35,959
9. Minneapolis: 17,376—————–9. St. Paul: 34,246
10. Las Vegas: 17,062—————–10. Nashville: 28,142
11. Virginia Beach: 15,176————-11. Indianapolis: 24,992
12. Detroit: 15,114———————-12. Virginia Beach: 21,954
13. Nashville: 12,573——————-13. Milwaukee: 18,192
14. Milwaukee: 12,114——————14. Minneapolis: 17,929
15. Wichita: 10,826——————–15. Detroit: 17,474
16. Madison: 9,736——————–16. Madison: 17,021
17. Indianapolis: 9,190—————-17. Omaha: 14,582
18. Pittsburgh: 7,938—————–18. Wichita: 14,107
19. Providence: 7,871—————–19. Kansas City: 13,753
20. Kansas City: 7,312—————-20. Des Moines: 13,139
21. Lincoln: 6,691———————-21. Pittsburgh: 12,929
22. St. Louis: 6,425——————–22. Lincoln: 11,233
23. Omaha: 6,302 ———————23. Fort Wayne: 10,809
24. Cleveland: 6,213——————-24. Cleveland: 10,351
25. Des Moines: 5,239—————-25. St. Louis: 9,505
26. Cincinnati: 4,326——————26. Akron: 8,391
27. Toledo: 3,847———————-27. Providence: 7,744
28. Grand Rapids: 3,206————–28. Cincinnati: 5,599
29. Akron: 3,099———————–29. Toledo: 3,597
30. Fort Wayne: 2,792—————–30. Grand Rapids: 3,369
31. Dayton: 903————————-31. Dayton: 2,575
32. Youngstown: 338——————32. Canton: 542
33. Canton: 296————————33. Youngstown: 196

Columbus ranks even higher with its foreign-born Asian population.

Total Foreign-born Population from Africa 2000 and 2018
2000—————————————————2018

1. Minneapolis: 12,765——————–1. Columbus: 45,092
2. Chicago: 12,613————————-2. Minneapolis: 26,271
3. Columbus: 9,530———————–3. Chicago: 25,573
4. San Jose: 5,189————————-4. Nashville: 18,423
5. St. Paul: 4,697———————5. Indianapolis: 14,965
6. Nashville: 4,183——————-6. St. Paul: 13,594
7. Detroit:: 3,249———————7. Austin: 9,961
8. Providence: 3,138—————-8. Kansas City: 8,558
9. Indianapolis: 2,650—————9. San Jose: 8,546
10. Portland: 2,430—————–10. Cincinnati: 7,113
11. Austin 2,263———————11. Des Moines: 6,191
12. Kansas City: 2,192————–12. Omaha: 5,474
13. Cincinnati: 1,781—————-13. Grand Rapids: 3,932
14. Jacksonville: 1,719————-14. Portland: 3,899
15. St. Louis: 1,500—————–15. St. Louis: 3,777
16. Omaha: 1,497——————-16. Providence: 3,571
17. Milwaukee: 1,332—————17. Milwaukee: 3,552
18. Cleveland: 1,075—————-18. Jacksonville: 3,426
19. Sacramento: 1,051————-19. Lincoln: 2,942
20. Des Moines: 1,038————-20. Wichita: 2,752
21. Madison: 991——————–21. Madison: 2,599
22. Wichita: 946——————–22. Detroit: 2,081
23. Las Vegas: 916—————–23. Pittsburgh: 1,909
24. Pittsburgh: 905—————-24. Sacramento: 1,784
25. Virginia Beach: 840———–25. Virginia Beach: 1,783
26. Grand Rapids: 718————-26. Fort Wayne: 1,614
27. Toledo: 638——————–27. Dayton: 1,573
28. Lincoln: 637——————–28. Akron: 1,312
29. Dayton: 522——————–29. Las Vegas: 1,206
30. Fort Wayne: 384————–30. Cleveland: 622
31. Akron: 197———————-31. Toledo: 416
32. Canton: 89———————32. Youngstown: 277
33. Youngstown: 50—————33. Canton: 95

Columbus has claimed the number 1 spot in its foreign-born African population, passing previous top city Minneapolis.

And finally, the total foreign-born population from the Americas in 2000 and 2018
2000—————————————————-2018

1. Chicago: 357,235————————–1. Chicago: 277,742
2. San Jose: 117,989————————2. San Jose: 119,455
3. Austin: 73,935———————-3. Austin: 97,933
4. Las Vegas: 63,277——————4. Las Vegas: 83,782
5. Sacramento: 28,927—————5. Jacksonville: 49,339
6. Providence: 27,649—————-6. Sacramento: 42,722
7. Milwaukee: 24,781——————7. Nashville: 39,633
8. Detroit: 21,527———————-8. Indianapolis: 37,287
9. Portland: 20,939——————-9. Providence: 32,650
10. Minneapolis: 19,648————-10. Milwaukee: 31,917
11. Indianapolis: 17,530————–11. Omaha: 26,012
12. Nashville: 17,125——————12. Wichita: 23,429
13. Omaha: 14,467——————–13. Detroit: 23,198
14. Wichita:: 13,988——————14. Columbus: 22,469
15. Grand Rapids: 13,477————15. Portland: 20,407
16. Kansas City: 12,948————–16. Minneapolis: 18,765
17. Jacksonville: 11,881—————17. Kansas City: 18,170
18. St.Paul: 9,804———————18. Virginia Beach: 12,667
19. Columbus: 8,596—————–19. Des Moines: 10,675
20. Des Moines: 6,201—————20. Grand Rapids: 10,395
21. Virginia Beach: 5,754————21. Madison: 9,349
22. Cleveland: 5,192—————–22. St. Paul: 9,070
23. Madison: 5,080——————23. Fort Wayne: 7,831
24. Fort Wayne: 4,930————–24. Lincoln: 6,280
25. Lincoln: 3,106——————–25. Pittsburgh: 5,898
26. St. Louis: 2,961——————-26. Cleveland: 5,810
27. Toledo: 2,942———————27. Cincinnati: 4,901
28. Pittsburgh: 2,463—————-28. Toledo: 4,347
29. Cincinnati: 2,432—————–29. St. Louis: 3,545
30. Dayton: 919———————-30. Dayton: 2,816
31. Akron: 891————————31. Akron: 2,366
32. Canton: 347———————-32. Canton: 2,257
33. Youngstown: 333—————33. Youngstown: 166

Columbus does the worst with this group, but even here it moved up 5 spots in the rankings.

The rest of the foreign-born population is made up of small groups of people from Oceania- or basically island nations.



2018 Columbus and Peer City Diversity Comparison



Yesterday, the Census released tons of new demographic data for 2018. The next few posts will detail some of that data and how Columbus compares to Midwestern and national peers. These peers are based on either large Midwestern cities or metro areas between 1.5-2.5 million.
This post will directly compare racial diversity.

Total Non-Hispanic White Population by City by Year
2010———————————–2018

1. Chicago: 853,910————–1. Chicago: 899,980
2. Indianapolis: 482,195———2. Columbus: 486,431
3. Columbus: 470,971———–3. Austin: 470,620
4. Jacksonville, FL: 452,926—-4. Indianapolis: 465,466
5. Portland, OR: 417,876——–5. Portland: 457,042
6. Austin: 384,065—————6. Jacksonville: 455,487
7. Virginia Beach: 282,812——7. Omaha: 307,845
8. Las Vegas: 280,604———-8. Virginia Beach: 275,371
9. Omaha, NE: 277,606———9. Las Vegas: 272,870
10. San Jose, CA: 265,311——10. Kansas City: 269,854
11. Kansas City, MO: 247,473–11. San Jose: 253,571
12. Wichita, KS: 245,146——-12. Minneapolis: 252,327
13. Minneapolis: 242,848——13. Wichita: 242,671
14. Milwaukee: 221,514——–14. Lincoln: 227,215
15. Lincoln, NE: 216,076——-15. Milwaukee: 204,250
16. Pittsburgh: 203,622——–16. Pittsburgh: 195,468
17. Fort Wayne, IN: 179,646—17. Madison: 186,034
18. Madison, WI: 178,307——18. Fort Wayne: 173,088
19. Toledo: 177,341————–19. St. Paul: 159,782
20. Sacramento, CA: 165,610–20. Sacramento: 158,333
21. St. Paul, MN: 159,704——-21. Toledo: 157,967
22. Des Moines, IA: 145,937—22. Cincinnati: 150,693
23. Cincinnati: 143,120———23. Des Moines: 137,268
24. Cleveland: 137,977———24. St. Louis: 133,688
25. St. Louis: 134,146———–25. Cleveland: 131,010
26. Grand Rapids, MI: 104,636–26. Grand Rapids: 115,719
27. Providence, RI: 64,284——27. Detroit: 72,982
28. Detroit: 55,298————–28. Providence: 58,856

Previous peers, such as San Antonio, Charlotte and Orlando were removed as their metros are now larger than the 2.5 million comparison limit.  Jacksonville, Florida entered the comparison with a metro population of just over 1.5 million in 2018.  Smaller Ohio cities like Dayton, Akron, Canton and Youngstown, which are normally compared, did not have this data available.

Total Non-Hispanic White Change 2010-2018
1. Austin: +86,555
2. Chicago: +46,070
3. Portland: +39,166
4. Omaha: +30,239
5. Kansas City: +22,381
6. Detroit: +17,684
7. Columbus: +15,460
8. Lincoln: +11,139
9. Grand Rapids: +11,083
10. Minneapolis: +9,479
11. Madison: +7,727
12. Cincinnati: +7,573
13. Jacksonville: +2,561
14. St. Paul: +28
15. St. Louis: -458
16. Wichita: -2,475
17. Providence: -5,428
18. Fort Wayne: -6,558
19. Cleveland: -6,967
20. Sacramento: -7,277
21. Virginia Beach: -7,441
22. Las Vegas: -7,734
23. Pittsburgh: -8,154
24. Des Moines: -8,669
25. San Jose: -11,740
26. Indianapolis: -16,729
27. Milwaukee: -17,264
28. Toledo: -19,374

Non-Hispanic White % of Total Population by City in 2018
1. Lincoln: 79.1%
2. Madison: 72.1%
3. Portland: 70.0%
4. Omaha: 65.7%
5. Fort Wayne: 65.5%
6. Pittsburgh: 64.9%
7. Des Moines: 63.3%
8. Wichita: 62.3%
9. Virginia Beach: 61.2%
10. Minneapolis: 59.3%
11. Grand Rapids: 57.8%
12. Toledo: 57.5%
13. Kansas City: 54.9%
14. Columbus: 54.3%
15. Indianapolis: 53.9%
16. St. Paul: 51.9%
17. Jacksonville: 50.4%
18. Cincinnati: 49.8%
19. Austin: 48.8%
20. St. Louis: 44.2%
21. Las Vegas: 42.3%
22. Milwaukee: 34.5%
23. Cleveland: 34.1%
24. Chicago: 33.3%
25. Providence: 32.8%
26. Sacramento: 31.1%
27. San Jose: 24.6%
28. Detroit: 10.9%

Total Non-Hispanic Black Population by City by Year
2010————————————2018
1.  Chicago: 895,294————1. Chicago: 784,266
2. Detroit: 587,707————–2. Detroit: 520,161
3. Jacksonville: 249,532——-3. Jacksonville: 274,290
4. Milwaukee: 230,473——–4. Columbus: 259,803
5. Indianapolis: 226,314——-5. Indianapolis: 251,958
6. Columbus: 216,486———6. Milwaukee: 222,619
7. Cleveland: 208,528———7. Cleveland: 178,909
8. St. Louis: 157,382———–8. Kansas City: 137,867
9. Kansas City: 138,461——-9. St. Louis: 137,087
10. Cincinnati: 131,909——-10. Cincinnati: 122,261
11. Virginia Beach: 79,583—11. Virginia Beach: 84,333
12. Toledo: 75,033————12. Minneapolis: 81,930
13. Pittsburgh: 71,539——-13. Austin: 78,354
14. Minneapolis: 63,749—–14. Toledo: 74,630
15. Sacramento: 61,976—–15. Pittsburgh: 68,637
16. Austin: 61,833————16. Las Vegas: 68,488
17. Las Vegas: 60,187——–17. Sacramento: 64,824
18. Omaha: 55,086———–18. Omaha: 56,503
19. Wichita: 42,662———-19. St. Paul: 44,572
20. St. Paul: 41,923———-20. Wichita: 42,874
21. Grand Rapids: 41,848—21. Fort Wayne: 40,640
22. Fort Wayne: 39,016—–22. Portland: 39,882
23. Portland: 37,355——–23. Grand Rapids: 35,264
24. San Jose: 29,831——–24. San Jose: 29,432
25. Des Moines: 19,962—-25. Providence: 26,594
26. Providence: 19,265—–26. Des Moines: 24,018
27. Madison: 17,560——–27. Madison: 20,276
28. Lincoln: 9,023———-28. Lincoln: 12,203

Total Non-Hispanic Black Change 2010-2018
1. Columbus: +43,317
2. Indianapolis: +25,644
3. Jacksonville: +24,758
4. Minneapolis: +18,181
5. Austin: +16,521
6. Las Vegas: +8,301
7. Providence: +7,329
8. Virginia Beach: +4,750
9. Des Moines: +4,056
10. Lincoln: +3,180
11. Sacramento: +2,848
12. Madison: +2,716
13. St. Paul: +2,649
14. Portland: +2,527
15. Fort Wayne: +1,624
16. Omaha: +1,417
17. Wichita: +212
18. San Jose: -399
19. Toledo: -403
20. Kansas City: -594
21. Pittsburgh: -2,902
22. Grand Rapids: -6,584
23. Milwaukee: -7,854
24. Cincinnati: -9,648
25. St. Louis: -20,295
26. Cleveland: -29,619
27. Detroit: -67,546
28. Chicago: -111,028

Non-Hispanic Black % of Total Population by City in 2018
1. Detroit: 77.3%
2. Cleveland: 46.6%
3. St. Louis: 45.3%
4. Cincinnati: 40.4%
5. Milwaukee: 37.7%
6. Jacksonville: 30.4%
7. Indianapolis: 29.2%
8. Columbus: 29.0%
9. Chicago: 29.0%
10. Kansas City: 28.0%
11. Toledo: 27.1%
12. Pittsburgh: 22.8%
13. Minneapolis: 19.3%
14. Virginia Beach: 18.7%
15. Grand Rapids: 17.6%
16. Fort Wayne: 15.4%
17. Providence: 14.8%
18. St. Paul: 14.5%
19. Sacramento: 12.8%
20. Omaha: 12.1%
21. Des Moines: 11.1%
22. Wichita: 11.0%
23. Las Vegas: 10.6%
24. Austin: 8.1%
25. Madison: 7.9%
26. Portland: 6.1%
27. Lincoln: 4.3%
28. San Jose: 2.9%

Total Non-Hispanic Asian Population by City by Year
2010——————————-2018
1. San Jose: 303,227————1. San Jose: 367,280
2. Chicago: 148,280————2. Chicago: 179,841
3. Sacramento: 84,556——–3. Sacramento: 97,192
4. Austin: 46,575—————4. Austin: 73,185
5.  Portland: 43,185————5. St. Paul: 59,395
6. St. Paul: 41,989————–6. Portland: 57,526
7. Las Vegas: 37,406———-7. Columbus: 54,902
8. Columbus: 35,468———-8. Las Vegas: 46,422
9. Jacksonville: 33,663——–9. Jacksonville: 42,639
10. Virginia Beach: 27,303—10. Virginia Beach: 31,875
11. Milwaukee: 22,670——–11. Indianapolis: 31,777
12. Minneapolis: 21,426——12. Minneapolis: 26,768
13.  Wichita: 19,420———-13. Milwaukee: 25,17
14. Indianapolis: 17,137——14. Madison: 23,594
15. Madison: 16,671———-15. Wichita: 17,410
16. Pittsburgh: 12,036——-16. Omaha: 17,185
17. Providence: 11,497——-17. Pittsburgh: 16,724
18. Lincoln: 10,452———–18. Des Moines: 15,057
19. Kansas City: 10,263—–19. Fort Wayne: 13,661
20. Des Moines: 8,867——20. Providence: 12,556
21. St. Louis: 8,717———–21. Lincoln: 12,494
22. Omaha: 8,397———–22. Kansas City: 12,130
23. Fort Wayne: 6,945—–23. St. Louis: 10,662
24. Detroit: 6,549———-24. Detroit: 10,597
25. Cincinnati: 5,938——25. Cleveland: 10,595
26. Cleveland: 5,392——26. Cincinnati: 6,999
27. Grand Rapids: 3,695–27. Grand Rapids: 4,431
28. Toledo: 3,125———-28. Toledo: 2,802

Total Non-Hispanic Asian Change 2010-2018
1. San Jose: +64,053
2. Chicago: +31,561
3. Austin: +26,610
4. Columbus: +19,434
5. St. Paul: +17,406
6. Indianapolis: +14,640
7. Portland: +14,341
8. Sacramento: +12,636
9. Las Vegas: +9,016
10. Jacksonville: +8,976
11. Omaha: +8,788
12. Madison: +6,923
13. Fort Wayne: +6,716
14. Des Moines: +6,190
15. Minneapolis: +5,342
16. Cleveland: +5,203
17. Pittsburgh: +4,688
18. Virginia Beach: +4,572
19. Detroit: +4,048
20. Milwaukee: +2,501
21. Lincoln: +2,042
22. St. Louis: +1,945
23. Kansas City: +1,867
24. Cincinnati: +1,061
25. Providence: +1,059
26. Grand Rapids: +736
27. Toledo: -323
28. Wichita: -2,010

Non-Hispanic Asian % of Total Population by City in 2018
1. San Jose: 35.7%
2. St. Paul: 19.3%
3. Sacramento: 19.1%
4. Madison: 9.1%
5. Portland: 8.8%
6. Austin: 7.6%
7. Las Vegas: 7.2%
8. Virginia Beach: 7.1%
9. Providence: 7.0%
10. Des Moines: 6.9%
11. Chicago: 6.7%
12. Minneapolis: 6.3%
13. Columbus: 6.1%
14. Pittsburgh: 5.6%
15. Fort Wayne: 5.2%
16. Jacksonville: 4.7%
17. Wichita: 4.5%
18. Lincoln: 4.4%
19. Milwaukee: 4.3%
20. Indianapolis: 3.7%
21. Omaha: 3.7%
22. St. Louis: 3.5%
23. Cleveland: 2.8%
24. Kansas City: 2.5%
25. Cincinnati: 2.3%
26. Grand Rapids: 2.2%
27. Detroit: 1.6%
28. Toledo: 1.0%



Total Hispanic Population by City By Year
2010———————————2018
1. Chicago: 763,968————-1. Chicago: 776,661
2. San Jose: 318,389————2. San Jose: 333,819
3. Austin: 288,130—————3. Austin: 314,949
4. Las Vegas: 181,923———–4. Las Vegas: 222,860
5. Sacramento: 124,461———5. Sacramento: 148,343
6. Milwaukee: 104,619———-6. Milwaukee: 119,876
7. Indianapolis: 78,467———-7. Jacksonville: 94,158
8.  Providence: 76,645———-8. Indianapolis: 88,022
9. Jacksonville: 64,081———-9. Providence: 75,177
10. Wichita: 59,823————-10. Wichita: 70,564
11. Portland: 58,986————11. Omaha: 68,747
12. Omaha: 53,661————–12. Portland: 60,760
13. Kansas City: 49,800——–13. Columbus: 53,935
14. Detroit : 45,580————-14. Detroit: 52,718
15. Columbus: 43,276———-15. Kansas City: 52,638
16. Cleveland: 36,067———-16. Cleveland: 47,144
17. Minneapolis: 34,504——-17. Minneapolis: 40,912
18. Grand Rapids: 30,659—–18. Virginia Beach: 37,365
19. Virginia Beach: 29,206—-19. Grand Rapids: 36,469
20. St. Paul: 28,725————20. Des Moines: 31,706
21. Des Moines: 23,832——-21. St. Paul: 26,081
22. Toledo: 21,346————-22. Toledo: 24,625
23. Fort Wayne: 19,576——-23. Fort Wayne: 24,623
24. Lincoln: 16,007————24. Lincoln: 22,339
25. Madison: 14,062———-25. Madison: 18,867
26. St. Louis: 11,207———–26. St. Louis: 12,509
27. Cincinnati: 8,710———-27. Cincinnati: 10,773
28. Pittsburgh: 7,282———28. Pittsburgh: 10,180

Total Hispanic Population Change 2010-2018
1. Las Vegas: +40,937
2. Jacksonville: +30,077
3. Austin: +26,819
4. Sacramento: +23,882
5. San Jose: +15,430
6. Milwaukee: +15,257
7. Omaha: +15,086
8. Chicago: +12,693
9. Cleveland: +11,077
10. Wichita: +10,741
11. Columbus: +10,659
12. Indianapolis: +9,555
13. Virginia Beach: +8,159
14. Des Moines: +7,874
15. Detroit: +7,138
16. Minneapolis: +6,408
17. Lincoln: +6,332
18. Grand Rapids: +5,810
19. Fort Wayne: +5,047
20. Madison: +4,805
21. Toledo: +3,279
22. Pittsburgh: +2,898
23. Kansas City: +2,838
24. Cincinnati: +2,063
25. Portland: +1,774
26. St. Louis: +1,302
27. Providence: -1,468
28. St. Paul: -2,644

Hispanic % of Total Population by City in 2018
1. Providence: 41.9%
2. Las Vegas: 34.6%
3. Austin: 32.7%
4. San Jose: 32.4%
5. Sacramento: 29.2%
6. Chicago: 28.7%
7. Milwaukee: 20.3%
8. Grand Rapids: 18.2%
9. Wichita: 18.1%
10. Omaha: 14.7%
11. Des Moines: 14.6%
12. Cleveland: 12.3%
13. Kansas City: 10.7%
14. Jacksonville: 10.4%
15. Indianapolis: 10.2%
16. Minneapolis: 9.6%
17. Portland: 9.3%
18. Fort Wayne: 9.3%
19. Toledo: 9.0%
20. St. Paul: 8.5%
21. Virginia Beach: 8.3%
22. Detroit: 7.8%
23. Lincoln: 7.8%
24. Madison: 7.3%
25. Columbus: 6.0%
26. St. Louis: 4.1%
27. Cincinnati: 3.6%
28. Pittsburgh: 3.4%

Total Non-Hispanic Other Population by City by Year
2010——————————–2018

1. Chicago: 37,379————–1. Chicago: 65,240
2. San Jose: 32,439————-2. San Jose: 46,017
3. Sacramento: 30,900——–3. Columbus: 40,806
4. Portland: 28,027————-4. Sacramento: 39,825
5. Las Vegas: 24,521———–5. Portland: 37,363
6. Columbus: 23,738———–6. Jacksonville: 37,322
7. Jacksonville: 23,114———-7. Las Vegas: 34,024
8. Minneapolis: 20,753———8. Austin: 27,135
9. Virginia Beach: 20,268——9. Indianapolis: 26,908
10. Indianapolis: 20,086——10. Minneapolis: 23,458
11. Detroit: 16,776————-11. Virginia Beach: 21,245
12. Milwaukee: 16,311——– 12. Kansas City: 19,320
13. Wichita: 16,091————13. Milwaukee: 19,286
14. Omaha: 15,519————14. Omaha: 17,987
15. Austin: 14,915————-15. St. Paul: 17,871
16. Kansas City: 14,668——16. Detroit: 16,223
17. St. Paul: 13,098———–17. Cleveland: 16,123
18.  Pittsburgh: 11,280——-18. Wichita: 15,740
19. Toledo: 10,134————19. Toledo: 14,949
20. Fort Wayne: 8,513——-20. Lincoln: 13,148
21. Cleveland: 8,276———21. Fort Wayne: 12,158
22. St. Louis: 7,704———-22. Cincinnati: 11,889
23. Lincoln: 7,483———–23. Pittsburgh: 10,029
24. Grand Rapids: 7,376—24. Madison: 9,263
25. Cincinnati: 7,230——-25. Des Moines: 8,944
26. Madison: 7,177———26. St. Louis: 8,892
27. Providence: 6,471——27: Grand Rapids: 8,347
28. Des Moines: 5,598—–28. Providence: 6,152

Total Non-Hispanic Other Population Change 2010-2018
1. Chicago: +27,861
2. Columbus; +17,068
3. Jacksonville: +14,208
4. San Jose: +13,578
5. Austin: +12,220
6. Las Vegas: +9,503
7. Portland: +9,336
8. Sacramento: +8,925
9. Cleveland: +7.847
10. Indianapolis: +6,822
11. Lincoln: +5,665
12. Toledo: +4,815
13. St. Paul: +4,773
14. Cincinnati: +4,659
15. Kansas City: +4,652
16. Fort Wayne: +3,645
17. Des Moines: +3,346
18. Milwaukee: +2,975
19. Minneapolis: +2,705
20. Omaha: +2,468
21. Madison: +2,086
22. St. Louis: 1,188
23. Virginia Beach: +977
24. Grand Rapids: +971
25. Providence: -319
26. Wichita: -351
27. Detroit: -553
28. Pittsburgh: -1251

Non-Hispanic Other % of Total Population by City in 2018
1. Sacramento: 7.8%
2. St. Paul: 5.8%
3. Portland: 5.7%
4. Minneapolis: 5.5%
5. Toledo: 5.4%
6. Las Vegas: 5.3%
7. Virginia Beach: 4.7%
8. Fort Wayne: 4.6%
9. Lincoln: 4.6%
10. Columbus: 4.6%
11. San Jose: 4.5%
12. Cleveland: 4.2%
13. Grand Rapids: 4.2%
14. Jacksonville: 4.1%
15. Des Moines: 4.1%
16. Wichita: 4.0%
17. Cincinnati: 3.9%
18. Kansas City: 3.9%
19. Omaha: 3.8%
20. Madison: 3.6%
21. Providence: 3.4%
22. Pittsburgh: 3.3%
23. Milwaukee: 3.3%
24. Indianapolis: 3.1%
25. St. Louis: 2.9%
26. Austin: 2.8%
27. Chicago: 2.4%
28. Detroit: 2.4%

Now that we can see all the numbers, what is the 2018 ranking of most to least racially diverse? To find out, I assigned points by the ranking of % of population, so #1 of a particular ranking would get 1 point, the next 2 points and so on. The cities with the fewest points are the most diverse.
Here are the rankings for both 2010 and 2018.

Most to Least Diverse by Year and Total Points
2010——————————–2018

1. Portland: 50—————–1. Portland: 54
2. Sacramento: 52————2. Sacramento: 54
3. St. Paul: 53—————–3. Minneapolis: 55
4. Minneapolis: 54———–4. St. Paul: 58
5. Virginia Beach: 55——–5. Las Vegas: 59
6. Wichita: 57—————-6. Virginia Beach: 59
7. Las Vegas: 60————-7. Fort Wayne: 62
8. Providence: 61————8. Des Moines: 64
9. Omaha: 66—————-9. Jacksonville: 67
10. Grand Rapids: 69——-10. Columbus: 70
11. Des Moines: 71———-11. San Jose: 71
12. Madison: 72————-12. Cleveland: 72
13. San Jose: 72————-13. Wichita: 72
14. Fort Wayne: 73———14. Grand Rapids: 73
15. Kansas City: 73———15. Providence: 73
16. Milwaukee: 73———-16. Omaha: 74
17. Pittsburgh: 74———-17. Madison: 75
18. Jacksonville: 75——–18. Toledo: 75
19. Chicago: 76————-19. Milwaukee: 76
20. Columbus: 77———-20. Chicago: 77
21. Austin: 80—————21. Austin: 78
22. Indianapolis: 81——–22. Kansas City: 78
23. Toledo: 81————–23. Lincoln: 78
24. Lincoln: 85————-24. Indianapolis: 81
25. St. Louis: 94———–25. Pittsburgh: 82
26. Cleveland: 95———-26. Cincinnati: 91
27. Cincinnati: 97———-27. St. Louis: 96
28. Detroit: 104————28. Detroit: 106

Columbus had one of the fastest improvements of its diversity, moving up 10 spots from 20th to 10th.



Columbus Foreign-Born Population and Peer Comparison




Given that the 2017 demographic information was released yesterday, it’s time to revisit this comparison and update it with the new data.

First up, let’s take a look at foreign-born populations. I have looked at this topic some in the past, but I have never done a full-scale comparison for this topic.

Total Foreign-Born Population Rank by City 2000, 2010 and 2017
2000—————————————-2010———————————-2017

1. Chicago, IL: 628,903———–1. Chicago: 557,674—————1. Chicago: 563,688
2. San Jose, CA: 329,750——–2. San Jose: 366,194————-2. San Jose: 417,148
3. San Antonio, TX: 133,675—-3. San Antonio: 192,741———-3. San Antonio: 212,109
4. Austin, TX: 109,006————4. Austin: 148,431——————4. Austin: 177,844
5. Las Vegas, NV: 90,656——-5. Las Vegas: 130,503————-5. Charlotte: 147,074
6. Sacramento, CA: 82,616—–6. Chalotte: 106,047—————6. Las Vegas: 139,790
7. Portland, OR: 68,976———7. Sacramento: 96,105————-7. Sacramento: 111,904
8. Charlotte, NC: 59,849——–8. Columbus: 86,663—————-8. Columbus: 105,826
9. Minneapolis, MN: 55,475—–9. Portland: 83,026—————–9. Indianapolis: 89,465
10. Columbus: 47,713———–10. Indianapolis: 74,407———–10. Portland: 89,050
11. Milwaukee, WI: 46,122—–11. Nashville: 73,327—————11. Nashville: 86,271
12. Detroit, MI: 45,541———–12. Minneapolis: 57,846———–12. Minneapolis: 69,567
13. Providence, RI: 43,947—–13. Milwaukee: 57,222————-13. Orlando: 68,811
14. St. Paul, MN: 41,138——-14. Providence: 52,920————14. St. Paul: 64,056
15. Nashville, TN: 38,936——-15. St. Paul: 50,366—————-15. Milwaukee: 59,443
16. Indianapolis, IN: 36,067—-16. Orlando: 43,747—————-16. Providence: 54,520
17. Virginia Beach, VA: 28,276–17. Virginia Beach: 40,756—–17. Omaha: 51,041
18. Wichita, KS: 27,938———18. Omaha: 39,288—————18. Virginia Beach: 42,319
19. Orlando, FL: 26,741——–19. Wichita: 39,128—————–19. Detroit: 41,374
20. Omaha, NE: 25,687———-20. Kansas City: 35,532———20. Wichita: 40,427
21. Kansas City, MO: 25,632—21. Detroit: 34,307—————-21. Kansas City: 37,833
22. Cleveland: 21,372————22. Madison: 24,929————–22. Madison: 32,066
23. Grand Rapids, MI: 20,814—23. St. Louis: 23,011————23. Des Moines: 29,876
24. St Louis, MO: 19,542——–24. Lincoln: 22,214—————24. Pittsburgh:26,504
25. Pittsburgh, PA: 18,874——-25. Des Moines: 20,798——–25. Grand Rapids: 26,014
26. Madison, WI: 18,792———26. Pittsburgh: 18,698———–26. Lincoln: 25,689
27. Des Moines, IA: 15,713—–27. Cleveland: 17,739————27. St. Louis: 23,659
28. Lincoln, NE: 13,246———-28. Grand Rapids: 16,615——-28. Fort Wayne: 22,186
29. Cincinnati: 12,461————29. Cincinnati: 16,531————29. Cleveland: 21,992
30. Fort Wayne, IN: 10,187—–30. Fort Wayne: 15,286———30. Cincinnati: 19,085
31. Toledo: 9,475——————31. Toledo: 11,159—————31. Akron: 13,423
32. Akron: 6,911——————-32. Akron: 8,524——————-32. Toledo: 11,260
33. Dayton: 3,245—————–33. Dayton: 5,102——————33. Dayton: 6,743
34. Youngstown: 1,605———-34. Youngstown: 3,695———–34. Youngstown: 1,401

Here’s the 2000-2017 total change.

And the 2000-2017 change by %.

So Columbus has had above average total and % growth compared to its peers nationally since 2000. What about more recently?

Total change 2010-2017.

And the 2010-2017 change by %.

So now that we know how many foreign-born immigrants are arriving, let’s take a look at where they are coming from.

Total Foreign-Born Residents From Europe in 2000 and 2017
2000———————————————–2017

1. Chicago: 145,462———————1. Chicago: 96,656
2. San Jose: 21,904———————2. San Jose: 25,147
3. Portland: 17,572———————-3. Portland: 16,548
4. Las Vegas: 9,070———————4. Austin: 13,337
5. Cleveland: 8,796———————-5. Charlotte: 9,775
6. St. Louis: 8,543———————–6. Las Vegas: 8,536
7. San Antonio: 8,323——————7. San Antonio: 7,852
8. Sacramento: 8,204——————8. Virginia Beach: 7,368
9. Milwaukee: 7,841——————–9. Columbus: 6,860
10. Charlotte: 7,487——————–10. Indianapolis: 6,344
11. Austin: 7,474————————11. Sacramento: 6,008
12. Pittsburgh: 7,413——————-12. Nashville: 5,778
13. Columbus: 7,017——————-13. Orlando: 5,516
14. Indianapolis: 6,543—————-14. Minneapolis: 5,477
15. Virginia Beach: 6,333————-15. Milwaukee: 4,388
16. Detroit: 5,600————————16. Pittsburgh: 4,265
17. Minneapolis: 5,409—————–17. Providence: 4,022
18. Providence: 5,126——————18. Lincoln: 3,908
19. Nashville: 4,859——————–19. St. Louis: 3,680
20. Cincinnati: 3,851——————-20. Cincinnati: 3,556
21. Grand Rapids: 3,396————–21. Omaha: 3,483
22. Omaha: 3,320———————–22. Cleveland: 3,399
23. St. Paul: 3,255———————-23. Kansas City: 3,362
24. Des Moines: 3,216—————-24. Madison: 2,867
25. Kansas City: 2,985—————-25. St. Paul: 2,394
26. Madison: 2,871——————–26. Detroit: 2,393
27. Lincoln: 2,701———————-27. Fort Wayne: 2,388
28. Akron: 2,687———————–28. Des Moines: 2,156
29. Orlando: 2,509——————–29. Wichita: 1,660
30. Fort Wayne: 2,076—————30. Grand Rapids: 1,517
31. Toledo: 2,020———————31. Akron: 1,286
32. Wichita: 2,004———————32. Toledo: 1,242
33. Dayton: 901———————–33. Dayton: 877
34. Youngstown: 870—————-34. Youngstown: 173

Columbus had a high number of Europeans versus most peers, but almost all cities saw drops in this demographic between 2000 and 2017, some quite drastic. Columbus’ drop was relatively minor.

Total Foreign-born Population from Asia 2000 and 2017
2000————————————————–2017

1. San Jose: 182,712—————————1. San Jose: 262,208
2. Chicago: 112,932—————————-2. Chicago: 140,434
3. Sacramento: 40,253————————-3. Austin: 57,584
4. Portland: 26,271——————————4. Sacramento: 53,731
5. Austin: 25,036——————————–5. Charlotte: 46,698
6. St. Paul: 23,245——————————6. Columbus: 43,706
7. Columbus: 22,354—————————7. San Antonio: 40,642
8. Minneapolis: 17,376————————8. Portland: 38,224
9. Las Vegas: 17,062————————–9. Las Vegas: 35,087
10. San Antonio: 15,840———————-10. St. Paul: 34,678
11. Charlotte: 15,734————————–11. Nashville: 26,155
12. Virginia Beach: 15,176——————-12. Indianapolis: 23,934
13. Detroit: 15,114——————————13. Virginia Beach: 23,625
14. Nashville: 12,573—————————14. Madison: 18,795
15. Milwaukee: 12,114————————-15. Detroit: 18,681
16. Wichita: 10,826—————————–16. Milwaukee: 17,838
17. Madison: 9,736—————————–17. Minneapolis: 15,967
18. Indianapolis: 9,190————————-18. Pittsburgh: 15,873
19. Pittsburgh: 7,938—————————-19. Wichita: 15,466
20. Providence: 7,871————————–20. Omaha: 14,504
21. Kansas City: 7,312————————-21. Lincoln: 13,804
22. Lincoln: 6,691——————————-22. Kansas City: 12,043
23. St. Louis: 6,425—————————–23. Fort Wayne: 10,972
24. Omaha: 6,302——————————-24. Des Moines: 10,691
25. Cleveland: 6,213—————————25. St. Louis: 9,632
26. Des Moines: 5,239————————26. Orlando: 8,122
27. Orlando: 4,530—————————–27. Akron: 7,862
28. Cincinnati: 4,326————————–28. Cleveland: 7,450
29. Toledo: 3,847——————————29. Providence: 6,668
30. Grand Rapids: 3,206———————30. Grand Rapids: 6,585
31. Akron: 3,099——————————-31. Toledo: 6,196
32. Fort Wayne: 2,792————————32. Cincinnati: 6,002
33. Dayton: 903———————————33. Dayton: 1,614
34. Youngstown: 338————————–34. Youngstown: 448

Columbus ranks even higher with its foreign-born Asian population.

Total Foreign-born Population from Africa 2000 and 2017
2000—————————————————2017

1. Minneapolis: 12,765——————–1. Columbus: 33,607
2. Chicago: 12,613————————-2. Chicago: 26,995
3. Columbus: 9,530————————3. Minneapolis: 25,286
4. San Jose: 5,189————————-4. Nashville: 18,387
5. Charlotte: 4,722————————–5. Charlotte: 18,234
6. St. Paul: 4,697—————————-6. Indianapolis: 17,452
7. Nashville: 4,183————————–7. St. Paul: 15,926
8. Detroit: 3,249—————————–8. Omaha: 7,496
9. Providence: 3,138———————–9. San Jose: 7,400
10. Indianapolis: 2,650——————–10. Portland: 7,059
11. Portland: 2,430————————-11. Austin: 6,469
12. Austin: 2,263—————————-12. Des Moines: 6,124
13. Kansas City: 2,192——————–13. San Antonio: 5,718
14. Cincinnati: 1,781———————–14. Kansas City: 5,051
15. St. Louis: 1,500————————-15. St. Louis: 4,977
16. Omaha: 1,497—————————16. Providence: 4,697
17. San Antonio: 1,358——————–17. Milwaukee: 4,423
18. Milwaukee: 1,332———————-18. Cincinnati: 4,207
19. Cleveland: 1,075———————–19. Grand Rapids: 3,754
20. Sacramento: 1,051——————–20. Sacramento: 2,955
21. Des Moines: 1,038——————–21. Pittsburgh: 2,731
22. Madison: 991—————————22. Cleveland: 2,728
23. Orlando: 983—————————23. Orlando: 2,552
24. Wichita: 946—————————-24. Akron: 2,311
25. Las Vegas: 916———————–25. Madison: 2,180
26. Pittsburgh: 905————————26. Wichita: 2,142
27. Virginia Beach: 840——————27. Las Vegas: 1,846
28. Grand Rapids: 718——————-28. Lincoln: 1,680
29. Toledo: 638—————————-29. Dayton: 1,397
30. Lincoln: 637—————————30. Detroit: 1,082
31. Dayton: 522—————————-31. Virginia Beach: 847
32. Fort Wayne: 384———————-32. Fort Wayne: 628
33. Akron: 197—————————–33. Toledo: 615
34. Youngstown: 50———————-34. Youngstown: 0

Columbus has claimed the number 1 spot in its foreign-born African population, passing previous top city Minneapolis.

And finally, the total foreign-born population from the Americas in 2000 and 2017
2000—————————————————-2017

1. Chicago: 357,235————————–1. Chicago: 297,926
2. San Jose: 117,989————————2. San Antonio: 157,629
3. San Antonio: 107,906——————–3. San Jose: 120,657
4. Austin: 73,935——————————4. Austin: 99,482
5. Las Vegas: 63,277————————5. Las Vegas: 93,693
6. Charlotte: 31,625————————–6. Charlotte: 72,211
7. Sacramento: 28,927———————-7. Orlando: 52,421
8. Providence: 27,649———————–8. Sacramento: 42,632
9. Milwaukee: 24,781————————9. Indianapolis: 41,554
10. Detroit: 21,527—————————10. Providence: 39,093
11. Portland: 20,939————————-11. Nashville: 35,719
12. Minneapolis: 19,648——————–12. Milwaukee: 32,630
13. Orlando: 18,639————————-13. Portland: 25,417
14. Indianapolis: 17,530——————–14. Omaha: 25,385
15. Nashville: 17,125————————15. Minneapolis: 22,688
16. Omaha: 14,467————————–16. Columbus: 21,578
17. Wichita: 13,988—————————17. Wichita: 20,983
18. Grand Rapids: 13,477——————18. Detroit: 19,143
19. Kansas City: 12,948———————19. Kansas City: 17,377
20. St. Paul: 9,804—————————-20. Grand Rapids: 14,158
21. Columbus: 8,596————————21. St. Paul: 10,878
22. Des Moines: 6,201———————-22. Des Moines: 10,627
23. Virginia Beach: 5,754——————23. Virginia Beach: 10,415
24. Cleveland: 5,192————————24. Cleveland: 8,386
25. Madison: 5,080————————–25. Fort Wayne: 8,198
26. Fort Wayne: 4,930———————-26. Madison: 8,031
27. Lincoln: 3,106—————————-27. Lincoln: 6,190
28. St. Louis: 2,961————————–28. Cincinnati: 5,320
29. Toledo: 2,942—————————-29. St. Louis: 5,008
30. Pittsburgh: 2,463————————30. Pittsburgh: 3,443
31. Cincinnati: 2,432————————31. Toledo: 3,207
32. Dayton: 919——————————32. Dayton: 2,855
33. Akron: 891——————————-33. Akron: 1,699
34. Youngstown: 333———————–34. Youngstown: 780

Columbus does the worst with this group, but even here it moved up 5 spots in the rankings.

The rest of the foreign-born population is made up of small groups of people from Oceania- or basically island nations.




Columbus City Diversity and Peer Comparison




In the 2nd post related to the recently-released Census demographic data, I’ll look at city diversity and how it’s been changing since 2005.

Rank by City of Total White, non-Hispanic Population by Year
2005————————————–2010————————————-2015

1. Chicago, IL: 819,215————1. Chicago: 853,910—————1. Chicago: 879,318
2. Indianapolis, IN: 491,044——2. Indianapolis: 482,195———–2. Columbus: 491,602
3. Columbus: 442,958————-3. Columbus: 470,971————-3. Indianapolis: 479,376
4. Portland, OR: 382,033———-4. Portland: 417,876—————4. Portland: 449,552
5. San Antonio, TX: 356,420—–5. Austin: 384,065——————5. Austin: 444,638
6. Austin, TX: 347,013————-6. San Antonio: 351,420———-6. Nashville: 365,542
7. Nashville, TN: 314,518——–7. Nashville: 339,030————–7. San Antonio: 364,707
8. Charlotte, NC: 302,789——-8. Charlotte: 331,357—————8. Charlotte: 356,507
9. Virginia Beach, VA: 290,891–9. Virginia Beach: 282,812——9. Omaha: 293,631
10. San Jose, CA: 281,822—–10. Las Vegas: 280,604——-10. Virginia Beach: 281,686
11. Las Vegas, NV: 281,679—-11. Omaha: 277,606————–11. Las Vegas: 278,444
12. Omaha, NE: 267,685——–12. San Jose: 265,311————12. San Jose: 268,948
13. Kansas City, MO: 249,123—13. Kansas City: 247,473——13. Kansas City: 261,360
14. Milwaukee, WI: 219,891——14. Minneapolis: 242,848——14. Minneapolis: 243,709
15. Minneapolis, MN: 216,975—-15. Milwaukee: 221,514——-15. Milwaukee: 216,755
16. Toledo: 183,746—————–16. Pittsburgh: 203,622——–16. Pittsburgh: 192,187
17. Pittsburgh, PA: 180,725——-17. Toledo: 177,341————17. Toledo: 164,305
18. Sacramento, CA: 160,599—-18. Sacramento: 165,610—–18. Sacramento: 155,784
19. Cleveland: 147,359————19. Cincinnati: 143,120——–19. Cincinnati: 147,360
20. St. Louis, MO: 143,590——–20. Cleveland: 137,977——–20. St. Louis: 138,178
21. Cincinnati: 138,486————-21. St. Louis: 134,146———-21. Cleveland: 133,998
22. Akron: 128,976——————22. Akron: 120,800————22. Grand Rapids: 119,128
23. Grand Rapids, MI: 113,791—23. Grand Rapids: 104,636—-23. Akron: 117,587
24. Orlando, FL: 92,326————24. Orlando: 96,867————24. Orlando: 102,822
25. Detroit, MI: 77,163————–25. Dayton: 72,663————-25. Dayton: 75,539
26. Dayton: 67,581——————26. Providence: 64,284——-26. Detroit: 64,511
27. Providence, RI: 64,223——–27. Detroit: 55,298————-27. Providence: 61,492

Columbus moved from 3rd to 2nd over the 10-year period for total White, non-Hispanic population.

Rank by City of Total Black, non-Hispanic Population by Year
2005—————————————–2010———————————2015

1. Chicago: 938,097—————–1. Chicago: 895,294———–1. Chicago: 834,048
2. Detroit: 683,999——————–2. Detroit: 587,707————-2. Detroit: 536,527
3. Milwaukee: 222,040————–3. Charlotte: 251,274———-3. Charlotte: 282,456
4. Cleveland: 221,797—————4. Milwaukee: 230,473——–4. Indianapolis: 234,338
5. Charlotte: 205,216—————-5. Indianapolis: 226,314——-5. Columbus: 233,320
6. Indianapolis: 193,948————6. Columbus: 216,486———6. Milwaukee: 231,304
7. Columbus: 179,197—————7. Cleveland: 208,528———7. Cleveland: 194,350
8. St. Louis: 168,768—————-8. Nashville: 171,104———–8. Nashville: 178,293
9. Nashville: 148,051—————-9. St. Louis: 157,382———–9. St. Louis: 146,925
10. Kansas City: 131,694———-10. Kansas City: 138,461—–10. Kansas City: 140,515
11. Cincinnati: 131,010————-11. Cincinnati: 131,909——–11. Cincinnati: 125,621
12. Pittsburgh: 81,758————–12. Virginia Beach: 79,583—-12. San Antonio: 98,876
13. Virginia Beach: 80,004——–13. San Antonio: 79,307——13. Virginia Beach: 85,867
14. Orlando: 73,736—————–14. Toledo: 75,033————-14. Minneapolis: 78,861
15. Toledo: 72,190——————-15. Pittsburgh: 71,539——–15. Toledo: 76,173
16. Sacramento: 71,452————16. Orlando: 70,988————16. Pittsburgh: 73,012
17. San Antonio: 70,723————17. Minneapolis: 63,749——17. Las Vegas: 68,777
18. Dayton: 60,196——————-18. Sacramento: 61,976——18. Austin: 68,061
19. Akron: 59,810——————–19. Austin: 61,833————–19. Sacramento: 63,477
20. Las Vegas: 59,780————–20. Dayton: 61,402————-20. Orlando: 61,955
21. Austin: 59,583——————-21. Akron: 60,653—————-21. Akron: 58,716
22. Minneapolis: 57,499————22. Las Vegas: 60,187———22. Omaha: 57,546
23. Omaha: 50,333——————23. Omaha: 55,086————-23. Dayton: 51,896
24. Grand Rapids: 40,408———24. Grand Rapids: 41,848—–24. Portland: 35,362
25. Portland: 30,828—————25. Portland: 37,355————-25. Grand Rapids: 32,423
26. San Jose: 27,446————–26. San Jose: 29,831———–26. San Jose: 30,068
27. Providence: 18,794————27. Providence: 19,265——–27. Providence: 21,484

Columbus moved up from 7th to 5th in total Black, non-Hispanic during the period.

Rank by City of Total Asian, non-Hispanic Population by Year
2005————————————-2010——————————————2015

1. San Jose: 269,186————–1. San Jose: 303,227—————–1. San Jose: 355,777
2. Chicago: 127,686—————-2. Chicago: 148,280——————2. Chicago: 166,771
3. Sacramento: 80,307————3. Sacramento: 84,556————-3. Sacramento: 88,422
4. Portland: 36,278—————–4. Austin: 46,575———————-4. Austin: 69,696
5. Austin: 35,239——————–5. Portland: 43,185——————-5. Charlotte: 50,142
6. Columbus: 27,125—————6. Las Vegas: 37,406—————-6. Portland: 49,811
7. Las Vegas: 25,077————–7. Charlotte: 37,181——————7. Columbus: 42,933
8. Charlotte: 23,356—————-8. Columbus: 35,468—————-8. San Antonio: 41,988
9. Virginia Beach: 22,501———9. San Antonio: 29,200————-9. Las Vegas: 41,782
10. San Antonio: 20,492———10. Virginia Beach: 27,303—–10. Virginia Beach: 28,358
11. Minneapolis: 20,189———-11. Milwaukee: 22,670————11. Minneapolis: 26,958
12. Milwaukee: 19,596————12. Minneapolis: 21,426———–12. Indianapolis: 25,264
13. Nashville: 16,943—————13. Indianapolis: 17,137———-13. Milwaukee: 22,497
14. Indianapolis: 12,312———–14. Nashville: 17,045————–14. Nashville: 20,577
15. Providence: 10,751————15. Pittsburgh: 12,036————-15. Pittsburgh: 18,067
16. Pittsburgh: 10,727————–16. Providence: 11,497———–16. Omaha: 15,243
17. Kansas City: 10,674———-17. Kansas City: 10,263———–17. Kansas City: 13,552
18. Detroit: 9,577——————-18. St. Louis: 8,717—————–18. Providence: 10,842
19. St. Louis: 7,046—————–19. Omaha: 8,397——————19. St. Louis: 8,920
20. Omaha: 6,971——————20. Orlando: 7,870——————20. Detroit: 8,790
21. Cincinnati: 6,874—————21. Detroit: 6,549——————–21. Akron: 8,006
22. Cleveland: 6,289————–22. Cincinnati: 5,938—————–22. Orlando: 7,949
23. Orlando: 5,528—————–23. Cleveland: 5,392—————–23. Cleveland: 7,874
24. Toledo: 4,150——————-24. Akron: 4,567———————-24. Cincinnati: 6,259
25. Akron: 3,497——————–25. Grand Rapids: 3,695———–25. Toledo: 5,008
26. Grand Rapids: 2,847———26. Toledo: 3,125——————-26. Grand Rapids: 4,451
27. Dayton: 1,827——————27. Dayton: 1,231——————-27. Dayton: 1,548

Columbus fell from 6th to 7th in Asian, non-Hispanic population.

Rank by City of Total Hispanic Population by Year
2005——————————————–2010————————————2015

1. Chicago: 778,234—————1. San Antonio: 853,654———-1. San Antonio: 937,607
2. San Antonio: 735,458———–2. Chicago: 763,968—————2. Chicago: 787,725
3. San Jose: 279,420————–3. San Jose: 318,389————–3. San Jose: 331,232
4. Austin: 223,361——————4. Austin: 288,130——————4. Austin: 327,680
5. Las Vegas: 153,813————5. Las Vegas: 181,923————-5. Las Vegas: 204,913
6. Sacramento: 111,559———6. Sacramento: 124,461———–6. Sacramento: 150,153
7. Milwaukee: 80,945————-7. Milwaukee: 104,619————-7. Charlotte: 113,731
8. Providence: 60,008————-8. Charlotte: 96,246—————-8. Milwaukee: 110,335
9. Charlotte: 58,466—————9. Indianapolis: 78,467————-9. Orlando: 89,306
10. Indianapolis: 47,764———10. Providence: 76,645————10. Indianapolis: 83,426
11. Detroit: 46,993—————–11. Nashville: 61,212————–11. Providence: 77,968
12. Orlando: 43,978—————12. Portland: 58,986—————12. Nashville: 67,526
13. Portland: 43,324—————13. Orlando: 56,061—————13. Omaha: 63,516
14. Omaha: 39,674—————–14. Omaha: 53,661—————14. Portland: 61,064
15. Nashville: 37,463—————15. Kansas City: 49,800———15. Detroit: 53,980
16. Minneapolis: 37,017———–16. Detroit: 45,580—————-16. Columbus: 46,855
17. Kansas City: 35,995———–17. Columbus: 43,276————17. Kansas City: 46,037
18. Grand Rapids: 32,368———18. Cleveland: 36,067———-18. Cleveland: 40,603
19. Cleveland: 32,085————–19. Minneapolis: 34,504——-19. Minneapolis: 39,981
20. Columbus: 24,607———–20. Grand Rapids: 30,659——20. Virginia Beach: 36,309
21. Virginia Beach: 20,803——–21. Virginia Beach: 29,206—-21. Grand Rapids: 31,282
22. Toledo: 18,404——————22. Toledo: 21,346————–22. Toledo: 23,614
23. St. Louis: 8,268—————–23. St. Louis: 11,207————-23. St. Louis: 12,261
24. Pittsburgh: 5,018—————24. Cincinnati: 8,710————-24. Pittsburgh: 9,266
25. Cincinnati: 3,855—————25. Pittsburgh: 7,282————-25. Cincinnati: 9,121
26. Akron: 3,485——————–26. Akron: 3,990——————-26. Dayton: 4,945
27. Dayton: 1,693——————-27. Dayton: 3,180—————–27. Akron: 3,684

Columbus moved up from 20th to 16th in the total Hispanic population.

Rank by City of Total Other, non-Hispanic Population by Year
2005——————————————-2010———————————————–2015

1. Chicago: 38,694—————1. Chicago: 37,379————————–1. Chicago: 54,694
2. San Jose: 29,456————2. San Jose: 32,439————————2. San Jose: 40,894
3. Sacramento: 21,370———-3. Sacramento: 30,900——————-3. Portland: 36,398
4. Portland: 21,164————–4. Portland: 28,027————————4. Columbus: 34,357
5. Indianapolis: 20,242———-5. Las Vegas: 24,521—————–5. Sacramento: 32,909
6. Columbus: 20,096————-6. Columbus: 23,738——————6. Las Vegas: 29,853
7. San Antonio: 19,130———-7. San Antonio: 20,778—————7. San Antonio: 26,646
8. Minneapolis: 18,580———-8. Minneapolis: 20,753—————-8. Indianapolis: 26,019
9. Detroit: 18,324—————–9. Virginia Beach: 20,268————-9. Charlotte: 24,285
10. Las Vegas: 18,304———-10. Indianapolis: 20,086————–10. Nashville: 22,658
11. Virginia Beach: 16,685—-11. Charlotte: 18,360——————11. Austin: 21,765
12. Milwaukee: 14,476———-12. Detroit: 16,776——————–12. Minneapolis: 21,426
13. Kansas City: 13,399——–13. Milwaukee: 16,311———–13. Virginia Beach: 20,525
14. Austin: 13,261—————-14. Omaha: 15,519—————-14. Milwaukee: 19,263
15. Charlotte: 11,771————-15. Austin: 14,915—————–15. Omaha: 13,951
16. Omaha: 8,552—————–16. Kansas City: 14,668———-16. Kansas City: 13,897
17. Toledo: 7,447——————17. Nashville: 14,227————-17. Detroit: 13,316
18. Cincinnati: 7,315————–18. Pittsburgh: 12,080————18. Pittsburgh: 11,853
19. Cleveland: 7,004————–19. Toledo: 10,134—————-19. Cleveland: 11,234
20. Providence: 6,488————-20. Akron: 9,020——————20. Toledo: 10,678
21. Pittsburgh: 6,138————–21. Cleveland: 8,276—————21. Cincinnati: 10,176
22. St. Louis: 6,058—————-22. St. Louis: 7,704—————22. Akron: 9,560
23. Orlando: 5,731—————–23. Grand Rapids: 7,376——-23. St. Louis: 9,401
24. Nashville: 5,687—————24. Orlando: 7,251————–24. Orlando: 8,885
25. Akron: 4,431——————–25. Cincinnati: 7,230———–25. Grand Rapids: 7,815
26. Grand Rapids: 4,154———26. Providence: 6,471———-26. Providence: 7,418
27. Dayton: 1,382——————27. Dayton: 3,025—————27. Dayton: 6,669

Finally, Columbus moved up from 6th to 4th in the total of Other, non-Hispanic population. Overall, Columbus ranks fairly well in totals vs. its peers, as one might expect given that it is one of the largest cities in the grouping. However, to truly find out how it compares with these other cities, you have to look at percentages, which tells how much of the city’s population is made up of each group.

Columbus had the 8th highest White, non-Hispanic % of total population of the city in 2015.


Columbus had the 12th highest Black, non-Hispanic % of total population.


Columbus also had the 12th highest Asian, non-Hispanic % of total population.


Columbus ranks poorly with Hispanics in the group, having only the 22nd highest % of population.


Finally, Columbus ranks 8th again in Other, non-Hispanic % of population.

So what’s the final ranking for where Columbus is with diversity compared to its peers? To find out, I assigned points based on ranked position in each 5 racial categories. The final total determined where the cities ranked overall.

So based on this, Columbus is the 6th most racially diverse city of the 27 cities measured. This is no doubt surprising, but not so much when you get to the numbers.

*Note: Normally, Youngstown would be included, but the data was not available.




2015 Metro Area Population Estimates and Peer Comparison




As promised, here is the information for the Columbus metro, its national peers and major Midwest metros.

2015 Metro Population Estimates
Chicago, IL: 9,551,031
Detroit, MI: 4,302,043
Minneapolis, MN: 3,524,583
St. Louis, MO: 2,811,588
Charlotte, NC: 2,426,363
Portland, OR: 2,389,228
Orlando, FL: 2,387,138
San Antonio, TX: 2,384,075
Pittsburgh, PA: 2,353,045
Sacramento, CA: 2,274,194
Cincinnati: 2,157,719
Las Vegas, NV: 2,114,801
Kansas City, MO: 2,087,471
Cleveland: 2,060,810
Columbus: 2,021,632
Austin, TX: 2,000,860
Indianapolis: 1,988,817
San Jose, CA: 1,976,836
Nashville, TN: 1,830,345
Virginia Beach, VA: 1,724,876
Providence, RI: 1,613,070
Milwaukee, WI: 1,575,747
Grand Rapids, MI: 1,038,583
Omaha, NE: 915,312
Dayton: 800,909
Akron: 704,243
Toledo: 605,956
Youngstown: 549,885

Components of Metro Area Population Change



As you can see, while Columbus has a middle of the road birth rate for its peers, its relatively low death rate means that it manages to be near the top of the its peer group in natural growth.




It seems that while international migration is competitive with peers in the Columbus metro, domestic migration would need to improve to truly be at the upper peer level. At the very least, it is positive.




How Big is the Columbus Police Force?



Police departments nationally have been in the news quite a bit lately, but usually not for positive reasons. Excessive force, racism and even murder charges have been levied against police. While it is difficult to measure such incidents within individual departments, we can at least look at how big police departments are relative to a city’s population, and that’s what this post is about.

I looked at Columbus and its peers and Midwest counterparts to see where it ranked in terms of police presence within the city limits. Here is what I found.

Total Law Enforcement Officers, 2012
Chicago, IL: 12,766
Las Vegas, NV: 4,814
Jacksonville, FL: 2,972
Detroit, MI: 2,883
San Antonio, TX: 2,883
Milwaukee, WI: 2,577
Austin, TX: 2,252
Charlotte, NC: 2,196
Columbus: 2,138
Kansas City, MO: 1,869
St. Louis, MO: 1,866
Indianapolis, IN: 1,813
Cleveland: 1,709
Nashville, TN: 1,637
San Jose, CA: 1,435
Portland, OR: 1,195
Cincinnati: 1,113
Minneapolis, MN: 983
Virginia Beach, VA: 955
Pittsburgh, PA: 947
Omaha, NE: 943
Orlando, FL: 931
Sacramento, CA: 861
Wichita, KS: 821
Toledo: 674
Madison, WI: 555
Providence, RI: 517
Akron: 461
Dayton: 415
Youngstown: 196
Canton: 163

Law Enforcement per 10,000 Residents, 2012
1. St. Louis: 58.6
2. Chicago: 47.1
3. Cleveland: 43.4
4. Milwaukee: 43.0
5. Detroit: 40.8
6. Kansas City: 40.3
7. Orlando: 37.8
8. Cincinnati: 37.6
9. Jacksonville: 35.4
10. Las Vegas: 32.5
11. Pittsburgh: 30.3
12. Youngstown: 29.4
13. Dayton: 29.2
14. Providence: 29.1
15. Charlotte: 27.2
16. Austin: 27.0
17. Columbus: 26.8
18. Nashville: 26.4
19. Minneapolis: 25.2
20. Toledo: 23.6
21. Madison: 23.4
22. Akron: 23.2
23. Omaha: 22.6
24. Canton: 22.4
25. Indianapolis: 21.6
26. Virginia Beach: 21.3
27. Wichita: 21.2
28. San Antonio: 20.9
29. Portland: 20.0
30. Sacramento: 18.1
31. San Jose: 14.7

So now that we know the size of the police force in these places, does the size have a correlation to crime rates?

Here is the violent crime rate for the same year as these stats, 2012. The rank for police force per 10K people is listed beside the violent crime ranking.

Violent Crime Rate per 100K People and Law Enforcement Rank per 10K People
1. Detroit: 2,122.9 #5
2. St. Louis: 1,776.5 #1
3. Cleveland: 1,383.8 #3
4. Milwaukee: 1,294.5 #4
5. Kansas City: 1,263.2 #6
6. Nashville: 1,216 #18
7. Indianapolis: 1,185.5 #25
8. Toledo: 1,171.9 #20
9. Orlando: 1,017.4 #7
10. Minneapolis: 992.2 #19
11. Cincinnati: 974.7 #8
12. Dayton: 973.7 #13
13. Akron: 886.6 #22
14. Youngstown: 809.2 #12
15. Las Vegas: 784 #10
16. Pittsburgh: 752 #11
17. Wichita: 742.5 #27
18. Sacramento: 738.6 #30
19. Charlotte: 647.9 #15
20. Providence: 636.9 #14
21. Columbus: 630 #17
22. Jacksonville: 617.3 #9
23. Omaha: 594.5 #23
24. Portland: 517.2 #29
25. San Antonio: 503.1 #28
26. Austin: 408.8 #16
27. Madison: 377.7 #21
28. San Jose: 363.3 #31
29. Virginia Beach: 169.4 #26
30. Canton: 28.6 #24
Chicago: N/A

Based on the ranking above, which cities are getting the best bang for their police force? That would be cities with a larger police force ranking (by at least 2 spots) than violent crime ranking. These would include: Orlando, Cincinnati, Youngstown, Las Vegas, Pittsburgh, Charlotte, Providence, Columbus, Jacksonville, Austin, Madison, Virginia Beach and Canton.

On the opposite end, the cities with failing police levels vs. violent crime include those places with a higher violent crime ranking than police ranking (by at least 2 spots). Those are: Detroit, Nashville, Indianapolis, Toledo, Minneapolis, Akron, Wichita, Sacramento, Portland, San Antonio and San Jose.

Finally, the cities with violent crime ranked about where their police size is include St. Louis, Cleveland, Milwaukee, St. Louis, Kansas City, Dayton and Omaha.

So Columbus is in the best category. Its violent crime ranking is 4 spots lower than its law enforcement ranking size, meaning that police in Columbus are performing better than average. Let’s just hope they’re doing the right, legal thing when policing.

For more information and other cities, large and small, check out this link: http://www.governing.com/topics/public-justice-safety/gov-cities-with-the-greatest-police-presence-most-officers-per-capita.html



Exurbia in the Columbus Metro




I hear all the time how Columbus is extremely suburban (low density) in its development. But where does it actually rank with its peers? One metric is looking at exurbia, the far outer suburban areas that are largely made up of sprawl.

I looked at metros of similar size to Columbus (1.5-2.5 million).

Metro Population Living in Exurbia, 2000
1. Nashville, TN: 23.1%
2. Austin, TX: 21.8%
3. Charlotte, NC: 16.7%
4. Orlando, FL: 14.7%
5. San Antonio, TX: 12.6%
6. Indianapolis, IN: 10.5%
7. Kansas City, KS: 9.0%
8. Cincinnati: 6.7%
9. Virginia Beach: 6.0%
10. Portland, OR: 5.8%
11. Columbus: 4.9%
12. Sacramento, CA: 4.1%
13. Las Vegas, NV: 3.1%
14. Providence, RI: 2.9%
15. Milwaukee, WI: 2.8%
16. San Jose, CA: 1.1%
17. Cleveland: 1.0%
18. Pittsburgh, PA: 0.8%

Metro Population Living in Exurbia, 2010
1. Austin, TX: 32.3%
2. Nashville, TN: 27.9%
3. Charlotte, NC: 22.7%
4. Orlando, FL: 21.7%
5. San Antonio, TX: 20.3%
6. Indianapolis: 15.8%
7. Kansas City, KS: 14.4%
8. Las Vegas, NV: 10.6%
9. Cincinnati: 8.8%
10. Columbus: 7.7%
11. Sacramento, CA: 7.7%
12. Virginia Beach, VA: 7.4%
13. Portland, OR: 6.7%
14. Milwaukee, WI: 3.3%
15. Providence, RI: 3.2%
16. Cleveland: 1.7%
17. Pittsburgh, PA: 1.1%
18. San Jose, CA: 1.1%

Metro Population Living in Exurbia Total % Change 2000-2010
1. Las Vegas, NV: +389.9%
2. Sacramento, CA: +123.5%
3. Austin, TX: +103.8%
4. San Antonio, TX: +101.6%
5. Orlando, FL: +92.0%
6. Charlotte, NC: +82.5%
7. Columbus: +78.4%
8. Kansas City, KS: +75.6%
9. Indianapolis, IN: +72.9%
10. Cleveland: +58.3%
11. Nashville, TN: +46.4%
12. Cincinnati: +38.7%
13. Portland, OR: +33.5%
14. Virginia Beach, VA: +31.2%
15. Pittsburgh, PA: +28.0%
16. Milwaukee, WI: +20.8%
17. Providence, RI: +10.3%
18. San Jose, CA: +9.0%

So what these numbers show is that Columbus is actually in the bottom half of exurban population vs. its 17 peers, but is in the top half of growth in that population. As can be imagined, a large part of this growth came before the recession.

Metro Exurban Population Growth 2000-2007
1. Las Vegas, NV: +285.2%
2. Sacramento, CA: +104.2%
3. Orlando, FL: +78.3%
4. Austin, TX: +74.2%
5. Columbus: +62.0%
6. Charlotte, NC: +58.4%
7. San Antonio, TX: +56.2%
8. Kansas City, KS: +55.4%
9. Indianapolis, IN: +46.4%
10. Nashville, TN: +30.6%
11. Portland, OR: +29.1%
12. Cleveland: +27.0%
13. Cincinnati: +26.2%
14. Virginia Beach, VA: +25.7%
15. Pittsburgh, PA: +16.5%
16. Milwaukee, WI: +13.3%
17. Providence, RI: +10.9%
18. San Jose, CA: +5.9%

Metro Exurban Population Growth 2007-2010
1. San Antonio, TX: +29.1%
2. Las Vegas, NV: +27.2%
3. Cleveland: +24.7%
4. Indianapolis, IN: +18.0%
5. Austin, TX: +17.0%
6. Charlotte, NC: +15.3%
7. Kansas City, KS: +13.7%
8. Nashville, TN: +12.1%
9. Columbus: +10.1%
10. Cincinnati: +9.9%
11. Pittsburgh, PA: +9.8%
12. Sacramento, CA: +9.5%
13. Orlando, FL: +7.7%
14. Milwaukee, WI: +6.7%
15. Virginia Beach, VA: +4.3%
16. Portland, OR: +3.3%
17. San Jose, CA: +2.9%
18. Providence, RI: -0.6%

Average Annual Rate Change Between 2000-2007 and 2007-2010
1. Cleveland: +117.1%
2. Pittsburgh, PA: +45.5%
3. San Antonio, TX: +34.8%
4. San Jose, CA: +25.0%
5. Milwaukee, WI: +22.2%
6. Indianapolis, IN: +1.8%
7. Nashville, TN: +0.0%
8. Cincinnati: -5.9%
9. Charlotte, NC: -29.4%
10. Kansas City, KS: -32.3%
11. Austin, TX: -34.1%
12. Columbus: -53.5%
13. Virginia Beach, VA: -57.6%
14. Las Vegas, NV: -60.8%
15. Portland, OR: -70.3%
16. Orlando, FL: -70.9%
17. Sacramento, CA: -71.0%
18. Providence, RI: -113.3%

So there you have it. Columbus is definitely not anywhere near the sprawl king it’s often made out to be, even within its own peer group. Outside of it, there are dozens of metros with far more.



Columbus and the Midwest: Historic Population and Density Rankings




I’ve compared Columbus to peer cities nationally in terms of density and population, but I’ve never compared Columbus to the Midwest as a whole historically for those categories. For the following, I used the top 15 largest Midwest cities as of 2012.

Red indicates a fallen ranking while blue indicates a rise. Black is no change.

Historic Population Rankings
1840

1. Cincinnati: 46,338
2. St. Louis: 16,469
3. Detroit: 9,102
4. Cleveland: 6,071
5. Columbus: 6,048
6. Chicago: 4,470
7. Indianapolis: 2,695
8. Milwaukee: 1,700
9. Toledo: 1,222
10. Kansas City: Not incorporated.
11. Lincoln: Not incorporated.
12. Minneapolis: Not incorporated.
13. Omaha: Not incorporated.
14. St. Paul: Not incorporated.
15. Wichita: Not incorporated.

1850
1. Cincinnati: 115,435
2. St. Louis: 77,860
3. Chicago: 29,963
4. Detroit: 21,019
5. Milwaukee: 20,061
6. Columbus: 17,882
7. Cleveland: 17,034
8. Indianapolis: 8,091
9. Toledo: 3,829
10. St. Paul: 1,112
11. Kansas City: Not incorporated.
12. Lincoln: Not incorporated.
13. Minneapolis: Not incorporated.
14. Omaha: Not incorporated.
15. Wichita: Not incorporated.

1860
1. Cincinnati: 161,044
2. St. Louis: 160,773
3. Chicago: 112,172
4. Detroit: 45,619
5. Milwaukee: 45,246
6. Cleveland: 43,417
7. Indianapolis: 18,611
8. Columbus: 18,554
9. Toledo: 13,768
10. St. Paul: 10,401
11. Minneapolis: 5,809
12. Kansas City: 4,418
13. Omaha: 1,883
14. Lincoln: Not incorporated.
15. Wichita: Not incorporated.

1870
1. St. Louis: 310,864
2. Chicago: 298,977
3. Cincinnati: 216,239
4. Cleveland: 92,829
5. Detroit: 79,577
6. Milwaukee: 71,440
7. Indianapolis: 48,244
8. Kansas City: 32,260
9. Toledo: 31,584
10. Columbus: 31,274
11. St. Paul: 20,030
12. Omaha: 16,083
13. Minneapolis: 13,066
14. Lincoln: 2,441
15. Wichita: 689

1880
1. Chicago: 503,185
2. St. Louis: 350,518
3. Cincinnati: 255,139
4. Cleveland: 160,146
5. Detroit: 116,340
6. Milwaukee: 115,587
7. Indianapolis: 75,056
8. Kansas City: 55,785
9. Columbus: 51,647
10. Toledo: 50,137
11. Minneapolis: 46,887
12. St. Paul: 41,473
13. Omaha: 30,518
14. Lincoln: 13,003
15. Wichita: 4,911

1890
1. Chicago: 1,099,850
2. St. Louis: 451,770
3. Cincinnati: 296,908
4. Cleveland: 261,353
5. Detroit: 205,877
6. Milwaukee: 204,468
7. Minneapolis: 164,738
8. Omaha: 140,452
9. St. Paul: 133,156
10. Kansas City: 132,716
11. Indianapolis: 105,436
12. Columbus: 88,150
13. Toledo: 81,434
14. Lincoln: 55,164
15. Wichita: 23,853

1900
1. Chicago: 1,698,575
2. St. Louis: 575,238
3. Cleveland: 381,768
4. Cincinnati: 325,902
5. Detroit: 285,704
6. Milwaukee: 285,315
7. Minneapolis: 202,718
8. Indianapolis: 169,164
9. Kansas City: 163,752
10. St. Paul: 163,065
11. Toledo: 131,822
12. Columbus: 125,560
13. Omaha: 102,555
14. Lincoln: 40,169
15. Wichita: 24,671

1910
1. Chicago: 2,185,283
2. St. Louis: 687,029
3. Cleveland: 560,663
4. Detroit: 465,766
5. Milwaukee: 373,857
6. Cincinnati: 363,591
7. Minneapolis: 301,408
8. Kansas City: 248,381
9. Indianapolis: 233,650
10. St. Paul: 214,744
11. Columbus: 181,511
12. Toledo: 168,497
13. Omaha: 124,096
14. Wichita: 52,450
15. Lincoln: 43,973

1920
1. Chicago: 2,701,705
2. Detroit: 993,678
3. Cleveland: 796,841
4. St. Louis: 772,897
5. Milwaukee: 457,147
6. Cincinnati: 401,247
7. Minneapolis: 380,582
8. Kansas City: 324,410
9. Indianapolis: 314,194
10. Toledo: 243,164
11. Columbus: 237,031
12. St. Paul: 234,698
13. Omaha: 191,061
14. Wichita: 72,217
15. Lincoln: 54,948

1930
1. Chicago: 3,376,438
2. Detroit: 1,568,662
3. Cleveland: 900,429
4. St. Louis: 821,960
5. Milwaukee: 578,249
6. Minneapolis: 464,356
7. Cincinnati: 451,160
8. Kansas City: 399,746
9. Indianapolis: 364,161
10. Toledo: 290,718
11. Columbus: 290,564
12. St. Paul: 271,606
13. Omaha: 214,006
14. Wichita: 111,110
15. Lincoln: 75,933

1940
1. Chicago: 3,396,808
2. Detroit: 1,623,452
3. Cleveland: 878,336
4. St. Louis: 816,048
5. Milwaukee: 587,472
6. Minneapolis: 492,370
7. Cincinnati: 455,610
8. Kansas City: 400,178
9. Indianapolis: 386,972
10. Columbus: 306,087
11. St. Paul: 287,736
12. Toledo: 282,349
13. Omaha: 223,844
14. Wichita: 114,966
15. Lincoln: 81,984

1950
1. Chicago: 3,620,962
2. Detroit: 1,849,568
3. Cleveland: 914,808
4. St. Louis: 856,796
5. Milwaukee: 637,392
6. Minneapolis: 521,718
7. Cincinnati: 503,998
8. Kansas City: 456,622
9. Indianapolis: 427,173
10. Columbus: 375,901
11. St. Paul: 311,349
12. Toledo: 303,616
13. Omaha: 251,117
14. Wichita: 168,279
15. Lincoln: 98,884

1960
1. Chicago: 3,550,404
2. Detroit: 1,670,144
3. Cleveland: 876,050
4. St. Louis: 750,026
5. Milwaukee: 741,324
6. Cincinnati: 502,550
7. Minneapolis: 482,872
8. Indianapolis: 476,258
9. Kansas City: 475,539
10. Columbus: 471,316
11. Toledo: 318,003
12. St. Paul: 313,411
13. Omaha: 301,598
14. Wichita: 254,698
15. Lincoln: 128,521

1970
1. Chicago: 3,366,957
2. Detroit: 1,514,063
3. Cleveland: 750,903
4. Indianapolis: 744,624
5. Milwaukee: 717,099
6. St. Louis: 622,236
7. Columbus: 539,677
8. Kansas City: 507,087
9. Cincinnati: 452,525
10. Minneapolis: 434,400
11. Toledo: 383,818
12. Omaha: 346,929
13. St. Paul: 309,980
14. Wichita: 276,554
15. Lincoln: 149,518

1980
1. Chicago: 3,005,072
2. Detroit: 1,203,368
3. Indianapolis: 700,807
4. Milwaukee: 636,212
5. Cleveland: 573,822
6. Columbus: 564,871
7. St. Louis: 452,801
8. Kansas City: 448,159
9. Cincinnati: 385,460
10. Minneapolis: 370,951
11. Toledo: 354,635
12. Omaha: 313,939
13. Wichita: 279,272
14. St. Paul: 270,230
15. Lincoln: 171,932

1990
1. Chicago: 2,783,726
2. Detroit: 1,027,974
3. Indianapolis: 731,327
4. Columbus: 632,910
5. Milwaukee: 628,088
6. Cleveland: 505,616
7. Kansas City: 435,146
8. St. Louis: 396,685
9. Minneapolis: 368,383
10. Cincinnati: 364,040
11. Omaha: 335,795
12. Toledo: 332,943
13. Wichita: 304,011
14. St. Paul: 272,235
15. Lincoln: 191,972

2000
1. Chicago: 2,896,016
2. Detroit: 951,270
3. Indianapolis: 781,926
4. Columbus: 711,470
5. Milwaukee: 596,974
6. Cleveland: 478,403
7. Kansas City: 441,545
8. Omaha: 390,007
9. Minneapolis: 382,618
10. St. Louis: 348,189
11. Wichita: 344,284
12. Cincinnati: 331,285
13. Toledo: 313,619
14. St. Paul: 287,151
15. Lincoln: 225,581

2010
1. Chicago: 2,695,598
2. Indianapolis: 829,445
3. Columbus: 787,033
4. Detroit: 713,777
5. Milwaukee: 594,833
6. Kansas City: 459,787
7. Omaha: 408,958
8. Cleveland: 396,815
9. Minneapolis: 382,578
10. Wichita: 382,368
11. St. Louis: 319,294
12. Cincinnati: 296,945
13. Toledo: 287,208
14. St. Paul: 285,068
15. Lincoln: 258,379

2012
1. Chicago: 2,714,856
2. Indianapolis: 834,852
3. Columbus: 809,798
4. Detroit: 701,475
5. Milwaukee: 598,916
6. Kansas City: 464,310
7. Omaha: 421,570
8. Minneapolis: 392,880
9. Cleveland: 390,928
10. Wichita: 385,577
11. St. Louis: 318,172
12. Cincinnati: 296,727
13. St. Paul: 290,770
14. Toledo: 284,012
15. Lincoln: 265,404

2020 Projection based on 2012 growth rates.
1. Chicago: 2,789,944
2. Indianapolis: 893,465
3. Columbus: 892,495
4. Detroit: 665,954
5. Milwaukee: 607,919
6. Kansas City: 482,776
7. Omaha: 460,487
8. Minneapolis: 428,487
9. Wichita: 401,104
10. Cleveland: 373,336
11. St. Louis: 315,462
12. St. Paul: 305,878
13. Cincinnati: 302,288
14. Lincoln: 289,901
15. Toledo: 271,124

Columbus seems poised to take the #2 spot from Indianapolis around or just after 2020. Also, 11 of 15 would’ve seen growth 2010-2020. Cleveland, Toledo, St. Louis and Detroit would be the only cities that still lost.

2012 Density
1. Chicago: 11,949.2
2. Minneapolis: 7,156.3
3. Milwaukee: 6,230.9
4. St. Paul: 5,593.9
5. St. Louis: 5,140.1
6. Detroit: 5,055.7
7. Cleveland: 5,031.2
8. Cincinnati: 3,807.1
9. Columbus: 3,728.4
10. Toledo: 3,519.8
11. Omaha: 3,317.1
12. Lincoln: 2,978.4
13. Wichita: 2,420.6
14. Indianapolis: 2,286.6
15. Kansas City: 1,474.2

2020 Projected density using 2012 growth rates
1. Chicago: 12,279.7
2. Minneapolis: 7,804.9
3. Milwaukee: 6,324.6
4. St. Paul: 5,884.5
5. St. Louis: 5,096.3
6. Cleveland: 4,804.8
7. Detroit: 4,799.7
8. Columbus: 4,109.7
9. Cincinnati: 3,878.5
10. Omaha: 3,623.3
11. Toledo: 3,360.1
12. Lincoln: 3,253.3
13. Wichita: 2,518.1
14. Indianapolis: 2,447.2
15. Kansas City: 1,532.9



Columbus and the Midwest- Metro Population by Distance from Downtown




One of the more interesting things the Census measures is the population from “City Hall”, or basically the population by a mile radius from the center of each city’s downtown. Since city boundaries come in all different sizes, this is a good way to compare urban populations.

I looked at the 15 largest Midwest metros for these numbers.

First, here is a breakdown of aggregate population at each mile marker in 2010. Aggregate means that with each mile added, the population within all previous miles are added together.

Mile 0
1. Chicago: 63,120
2. Minneapolis: 31,036
3. Milwaukee: 21,587
4. Cincinnati: 17,681
5. St. Louis: 17,359
6. Grand Rapids: 16,099
7. Omaha: 15,582
8. Indianapolis: 14,058
9. Kansas City: 13,709
10. Akron: 12,479
11. Cleveland: 9,471
12. Dayton: 9,182
13. Detroit: 8,709
14. Toledo: 8,304
15. Columbus: 7,416

This is a pretty bad showing in this list. In 2010, Columbus had the lowest Downtown population, or population at Mile 0, of any of the largest 15 metros.

Mile 1
1. Chicago: 181,714
2. Minneapolis: 123,526
3. Milwaukee: 86,261
4. Grand Rapids: 75,613
5. Cincinnati: 65,264
6. Omaha: 56,244
7. Toledo: 55,739
8. Akron: 53,715
9. Columbus: 49,667
10. Indianapolis: 45,079
11. Dayton: 41,053
12. St. Louis: 40,184
13. Kansas City: 32,900
14. Detroit: 32,810
15. Cleveland: 32,193

By Mile 1, Columbus starts to move up rapidly, however.

Mile 2
1. Chicago: 318,522
2. Minneapolis: 228,927
3. Milwaukee: 208,776
4. Cincinnati: 138,235
5. Columbus: 134,826
6. Grand Rapids: 127,535
7. Akron: 122,395
8. Omaha: 113,044
9. Indianapolis: 102,412
10. Dayton: 101,817
11. Toledo: 94,058
12. St. Louis: 94,038
13. Kansas City: 77,388
14. Cleveland: 64,721
15. Detroit: 64,046

Mile 3
1. Chicago: 508,949
2. Minneapolis: 325,198
3. Milwaukee: 319,111
4. Columbus: 221,466
5. Cincinnati: 205,624
6. Grand Rapids: 184,887
7. Akron: 177,674
8. Omaha: 168,724
9. Toledo: 166,569
10. Indianapolis: 166,266
11. St. Louis: 160,117
12. Kansas City: 155,802
13. Dayton: 152,789
14. Cleveland: 139,945
15. Detroit: 109,104

Mile 4
1. Chicago: 764,400
2. Minneapolis: 448,499
3. Milwaukee: 438,629
4. Cincinnati: 315,665
5. Columbus: 314,557
6. Omaha: 253,723
7. St. Louis: 251,432
8. Grand Rapids: 247,473
9. Indianapolis: 240,970
10. Akron: 227,825
11. Cleveland: 227,309
12. Kansas City: 216,483
13. Dayton: 214,614
14. Toledo: 213,529
15. Detroit: 198,341

Mile 5
1. Chicago: 1,067,434
2. Minneapolis: 585,588
3. Milwaukee: 552,064
4. Columbus: 404,642
5. Cincinnati: 400,254
6. Cleveland: 361,475
7. St. Louis: 336,573
8. Indianapolis: 320,919
9. Omaha: 311,189
10. Grand Rapids: 305,307
11. Akron: 296,787
12. Detroit: 282,986
13. Toledo: 271,187
14. Kansas City: 269,936
15. Dayton: 262,069

So while Columbus’ downtown is down at the bottom in this list, it ends up being a top 5 within just a few miles from it. Clearly, though, the city needs to do better at getting people in the center.

What about further out?

Mile 10
1. Chicago: 2,763,025
2. Minneapolis: 1,312,640
3. Detroit: 1,053,920
4. Columbus: 993,957
5. Milwaukee: 944,415
6. Cleveland: 918,511
7. Indianapolis: 871,050
8. St. Louis: 864,336
9. Cincinnati: 862,932
10. Kansas City: 797,442
11. Omaha: 588,484
12. Dayton: 586,178
13. Akron: 502,710
14. Grand Rapids: 482,599
15. Toledo: 454,859

Mile 20
1. Chicago: 4,738,903
2. Detroit: 2,663,489
3. Minneapolis: 2,542,565
4. St. Louis: 1,878,365
5. Kansas City: 1,618,823
6. Cincinnati: 1,592,905
7. Cleveland: 1,549,799
8. Indianapolis: 1,511,675
9. Columbus: 1,432,067
10. Milwaukee: 1,317,062
11. Omaha: 788,498
12. Dayton: 757,623
13. Akron: 673,654
14. Grand Rapids: 602,220
15. Toledo: 558,219

Columbus seems to hold its own from Mile 2 through about Mile 15 or 16, and then begins to fall back as full metro populations begin to take shape.

So now we know the exact populations by distance, but what about how those are changing over time? Here are the same miles and their total change from 2000 to 2010.

Aggregate Change 2000-2010
By Mile 1

1. Chicago: 48,288
2. Minneapolis: 7,969
3. St. Louis: 5,881
4. Cleveland: 3,174
5. Milwaukee: 2,250
6. Kansas City: 1,009
7. Omaha: -53
8. Columbus: -1,049
9. Detroit: -3,601
10. Indianapolis: -4,739
11. Grand Rapids: -5,236
12. Cincinnati: -6,112
13. Akron: -8,916
14. Toledo: -10,118
15. Dayton: -10,165

By Mile 2
1. Chicago: 31,824
2. Minneapolis: 3,462
3. Omaha: 408
4. St. Louis: -1,523
5. Milwaukee: -2,399
6. Cleveland: -3,388
7. Kansas City: -4,807
8. Columbus: -6,004
9. Grand Rapids: -9,279
10. Detroit: -11,019
11. Indianapolis: -15,532
12. Cincinnati: -15,749
13. Akron: -15,874
14. Toledo: -16,771
15. Dayton: -20,826

By Mile 3
1. Chicago: 13,414
2. Minneapolis: 257
3. Omaha: -28
4. Milwaukee: -4,550
5. Columbus: -8,509
6. Grand Rapids: -8,818
7. St. Louis: -12,153
8. Kansas City: -14,528
9. Akron: -18,107
10. Toledo: -21,469
11. Cleveland: -23,287
12. Indianapolis: -23,973
13. Cincinnati: -24,548
14. Dayton: -27,652
15. Detroit: -29,905

By Mile 4
1. Minneapolis: 2,381
2. Omaha: 1,376
3. Milwaukee: -4,943
4. Grand Rapids: -8,612
5. Columbus: -9,650
6. Chicago: -12,130
7. Kansas City: -17,813
8. Akron: -18,533
9. Toledo: -22,039
10. St. Louis: -22,415
11. Indianapolis: -27,912
12. Dayton: -31,173
13. Cincinnati: -32,342
14. Cleveland: -41,948
15. Detroit: -61,209

By Mile 5
1. Omaha: 1,800
2. Minneapolis: 1,798
3. Milwaukee: -4,090
4. Columbus: -7,924
5. Grand Rapids: -8,112
6. Akron: -19,405
7. Kansas City: -21,986
8. Toledo: -26,094
9. Indianapolis: -28,401
10. Dayton: -33,066
11. St. Louis: 35,038
12. Cincinnati: -38,698
13. Chicago: -48,898
14. Cleveland: -70,067
15. Detroit: -89,973

By Mile 10
1. Columbus: 59,873
2. Indianapolis: 37,721
3. Omaha: 25,330
4. Grand Rapids: 10,284
5. Minneapolis: -1,544
6. Milwaukee: -2,369
7. Akron: -6,207
8. Dayton: -17,223
9. Kansas City: -19,048
10. Toledo: -21,636
11. Cincinnati: -39,767
12. St. Louis: -58,549
13. Cleveland: -120,862
14. Chicago: -172,571
15. Detroit: -239,616

By Mile 20
1. Indianapolis: 213,270
2. Columbus: 183,014
3. Kansas City: 144,634
4. Minneapolis: 141,652
5. Omaha: 97,813
6. Cincinnati: 46,813
7. Milwaukee: 27,876
8. Grand Rapids: 24,505
9. Akron: 8,625
10. Dayton: -7,484
11. Toledo: -9,112
12. St. Louis: -21,917
13. Cleveland: -88,522
14. Chicago: -215,802
15. Detroit: -291,258