Happy Eclipse Day! A History of Eclipses in Columbus

In honor of today’s historic “Great American Eclipse”, I thought it might be interesting to take a look at both eclipses that have affected the area in years past, as well as those that will come long into the future.

Solar eclipses are not as unusual as people think, but to have the sun mostly or completely covered in any particular area IS relatively rare. In Columbus, that is no exception. Looking back in time to 1900, here are Columbus’ greatest solar eclipses. Only those solar eclipses with at least 75% coverage will be detailed. For maps, animated recreations, etc., follow the links.

1900-1909
Total Solar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 4
Total Solar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 1
Total Solar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 0
Total Lunar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 15
Total Lunar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 5
Total Lunar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 4

May 28, 1900 Solar Eclipse: 7:43AM-10:07AM
This eclipse was the most significant of the 1900-1909 decade for Columbus. The path of totality entered the United States around Brownsville, Texas, crossed New Orleans, went just south of Atlanta and left the country at Virginia Beach, Virginia. In Columbus, maximum coverage reached 82.58%.
https://www.timeanddate.com/eclipse/in/usa/columbus?iso=19000528

1910-1919
Total Solar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 6
Total Solar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 0
Total Solar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 0
Total Lunar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 15
Total Lunar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 7
Total Lunar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 5

June 8, 1918 Solar Eclipse: 6:28PM-8:22PM
This eclipse’s path of totality is somewhat similar to August 21, 2017, only a few hundred miles to further south. Path of totality entered the US in southern Washington state, moved across Denver, just north of Oklahoma City to central Mississippi and northern Florida. In Columbus, maximum coverage reached 72.58%, making this the most significant solar eclipse of the 1910s.
https://www.timeanddate.com/eclipse/in/usa/columbus?iso=19180608

1920-1929
Total Solar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 3
Total Solar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 1
Total Solar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 0
Total Lunar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 16
Total Lunar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 5
Total Lunar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 4

January 24, 1925 Solar Eclipse: 7:52AM-10:12AM
Path of totality for this eclipse began in northern Minnesota, crossed northern Michigan, Buffalo and then over Long Island, New York. In Columbus, coverage reached 92.79%, the highest of any solar eclipse in the 20th Century.
https://www.timeanddate.com/eclipse/in/usa/columbus?iso=19250124

1930-1939
Total Solar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 4
Total Solar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 1
Total Solar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 0
Total Lunar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 13
Total Lunar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 4
Total Lunar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 3

August 31, 1932 Solar Eclipse: 3:15PM-5:36PM
The path of totality on this eclipse was somewhat unusual, moving south out of northern Canada over Montreal and then just east of Boston. In Columbus, coverage reached 79.31%, the highest during the 1930s.
https://www.timeanddate.com/eclipse/in/usa/columbus?iso=19320831

1940-1949
Total Solar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 4
Total Solar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 0
Total Solar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 0
Total Lunar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 14
Total Lunar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 6
Total Lunar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 5

April 7, 1940 Solar Eclipse: 3:39PM-6:12PM
While there were no solar eclipses during the 1940s that reached at least 75% coverage in Columbus, the most significant during the decade did reach 61.86% coverage. The path of totality for this eclipse was in the Deep South, crossing into the US in central Texas and then riding along the Gulf Coast until it exited around Jacksonville, Florida.
https://www.timeanddate.com/eclipse/in/usa/columbus?iso=19400407

1950-1959
Total Solar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 3
Total Solar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 2
Total Solar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 0
Total Lunar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 15
Total Lunar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 4
Total Lunar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 4

September 1, 1951 Solar Eclipse: 6:01AM-8:05AM
Because this eclipse began in the morning, the first half was not visible, and the maximum coverage in Columbus, at 81.58% and the greatest during the decade, occurred just as the sun was rising on the horizon, so it was poor viewing overall. Path of totality began in far eastern Tennessee and moved out of the US at Virginia Beach, Virginia.
https://www.timeanddate.com/eclipse/in/usa/columbus?iso=19510901

June 30, 1954 Solar Eclipse: 6:06AM-7:56AM
As with the eclipse in 1951, this one began early in the morning, so the first half was not visible. Viewing was slightly better than in 1951, as maximum occurred while the sun was over the horizon, but because it was still low, one needed a clear eastern view to really see it. In Columbus, maximum reached 76.59%, second best of the decade. Path of totality for this eclipse began in north-central Nebraska and moved northeast over Minneapolis and then into Canada and off northern Newfoundland.
https://www.timeanddate.com/eclipse/in/usa/columbus?iso=19540630

1960-1969
Total Solar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 4
Total Solar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 0
Total Solar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 0
Total Lunar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 16
Total Lunar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 9
Total Lunar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 8

July 20, 1963 Solar Eclipse: 4:34PM-6:49PM
This eclipse’s totality path was almost entirely in Canada, only entering the US briefly in Maine. In Columbus, coverage reached 72.41%, the maximum of any solar eclipse during the 1960s.
https://www.timeanddate.com/eclipse/in/usa/columbus?iso=19630720

1970-1979
Total Solar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 6
Total Solar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 1
Total Solar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 0
Total Lunar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 13
Total Lunar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 5
Total Lunar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 5

March 7, 1970 Solar Eclipse: 12:12PM-2:43PM
Path of totality moved north through the panhandle of Florid and then along the East Coast before exiting the US at Virginia Beach, Virginia (they seem to be in a lot of eclipse paths). In Columbus, maximum reached 79.10%, the most in the 1970s.
https://www.timeanddate.com/eclipse/in/usa/columbus?iso=19700307

1980-1989
Total Solar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 2
Total Solar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 1
Total Solar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 0
Total Lunar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 13
Total Lunar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 3
Total Lunar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 3

May 30, 1984 Solar Eclipse: 11:09AM-2:08PM
The 1980s had very few solar eclipses, but it did have one of the 20th Century’s best for Columbus. Path of totality was unusually narrow for this eclipse, but the 90%+ coverage was very wide. Totality went from just north of New Orleans over Atlanta and off the coast of Maryland. In Columbus, coverage reached 82.44%, a top 5 of the century.
https://www.timeanddate.com/eclipse/in/usa/columbus?iso=19840530

1990-1999
Total Solar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 3
Total Solar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 1
Total Solar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 0
Total Lunar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 16
Total Lunar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 5
Total Lunar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 4

May 10, 1994 Solar Eclipse: 11:28AM-3:00PM
For me, this is the only eclipse I can remember experiencing. Path of totality went northeast from southern New Mexico through northern Ohio and off of Maine and Nova Scotia. In Columbus, coverage reached 87.48% and was the 2nd highest of the 20th Century. This was also the only solar eclipse of the century where the path of totality entered Ohio.
https://www.timeanddate.com/eclipse/in/usa/columbus?iso=19940510

2000-2009
Total Solar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 4
Total Solar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 0
Total Solar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 0
Total Lunar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 14
Total Lunar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 7
Total Lunar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 7

No significant eclipses occurred in Columbus during the 2000s. The most significant was December 25, 2000, when coverage reached just 42.42%

2010-2019
Total Solar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 3
Total Solar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 1
Total Solar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 0
Total Lunar Eclipses that affected Columbus: 15
Total Lunar Eclipses with at least 75% coverage: 6
Total Lunar Eclipses with 100% coverage: 5

August 21, 2017 Solar Eclipse: 1:04PM-3:52PM
The most significant eclipse so far this century, the “Great American Eclipse” is the first one to transit across the US west to east since 1898. Path of totality enters the US in Oregon and crosses Kansas City, St. Louis and Nashville before exiting the country over Charleston, South Carolina. In Columbus, it will be the most significant solar eclipse since 1994 and the 3rd best since 1900, with 86.55% coverage.
https://www.timeanddate.com/eclipse/in/usa/columbus?iso=20170821

Significant Future Solar Eclipses

April 8, 2024 Solar Eclipse: 1:55PM-4:26PM
This eclipse will be Columbus’ greatest at any time in the next 200 years. In the city itself, coverage will reach 99.88%, and one wouldn’t have to go very far northwest to see 100%.
https://www.timeanddate.com/eclipse/in/usa/columbus?iso=20240408

After 2024, there are no eclipses that reach even 75% coverage until June 11, 2048, and none 80% or higher until May 11, 2078, and none over 90% until July 23, 2093. So enjoy today’s and the one 7 years from now, because after that, you’ll be waiting a very long time for another.

1950s Ohio Severe Weather Reports Map

Interested in knowing where severe weather took place in Ohio during the 1950s? Here is a map for all the listed reports during that era. Click on the pins for more information.

https://drive.google.com/open?id=1rAbADeNyKlqLT_7qvxUpURKXlHA&usp=sharing

The map incudes information for tornadoes, high wind and hail reports.

June 8, 1953 tornado damage.

2014: Year in Review- January

This kind of post seems obligatory at this time of year. I thought about making just one big post, but there was so much that happened this year that I decided to break it up by month. This review won’t include every single piece of news, just the highlights. First up, of course, is January.

Development
-The Columbus Zoo began to push for a permanent levy to help pay for upgrades at its existing facility, as well as for adding a new expansion attraction at the Scioto Peninsula Downtown http://www.dispatch.com/content/stories/local/2014/01/09/zoo-wants-vote-on-bigger-permanent-property-tax.html
-Redevelopment of the Barrett Middle School site in Merion Village began to make news. http://www.dispatch.com/content/stories/home_and_garden/2014/01/12/caughtmiddle.html The project should begin sometime this spring, though the exact number of residential units and layout has changed some.
-Columbus adopted Complete Streets. http://www.columbusunderground.com/new-complete-streets-thoroughfare-plan-could-have-big-impact-bw1 This set of standards guides the development of the street layout and design throughout the city. This includes including multi-use and bike paths, as well as better signaling and access for pedestrians.
-A new 40-unit apartment complex was proposed for 122 Parsons Avenue in Olde Towne East. However, very little news has been heard about this project since, as it may be waiting for work on the Parsons section of the 70/71 rebuild to move along first. http://www.columbusunderground.com/forums/topic/new-ote-apartment-complex-proposal-parsons-gustavus
-OSU announced plans to renovate several buildings in order to create a sort-of tech campus that partnered with IBM’s new analytics center in Dublin. http://www.bizjournals.com/columbus/news/2014/01/23/osu-in-line-for-53m-from-state.html
-And on the West Side, the huge apartment complex off Georgesville Road once known as Lincoln Park West, was announced to get a major makeover, with the demolition of a few hundred units while the rest would get a high-end renovation. This complex had long been very run down and the site of tragic arson fires, crime and high vacancy. http://www.bizjournals.com/columbus/blog/2014/01/204-apartments-at-former-lincoln-park.html

Economy/Other
-Columbus was named one of the nation’s top Opportunity Cities. http://finance.yahoo.com/news/america-s-new-opportunity-cities-222209099.html
-Columbus was named one of the top 7 Intelligent Communities in the world. http://www.columbusunderground.com/forums/topic/top7-intelligent-communities-of-2014-aka-were-smart-again
-Columbus was predicted to have one of the nation’s best economic performances of 2014. http://blogs.wsj.com/economics/2014/01/22/cities-face-a-good-but-not-great-economic-outlook-for-2014/ The numbers won’t be out for a few months on how the city/metro actually performed, however.
-A study came out detailing how future growth in Columbus would radically alter where people lived and in what type of home and environment they lived. The consensus? Young and urban. http://switchboard.nrdc.org/blogs/dlovaas/discovering_a_new_housing_futu.html
-The unemployment rate rose to 6% in January from December 2013, as it usually rises after seasonal employees are laid off. However, this was 1.1 percentage points lower than the previous January.

Weather
January 2014 continued what December 2013 had started. Snowfall was nearly 2x above normal and temperatures were almost 7 degrees below normal. The month tied for the 15th coldest January and the 16th snowiest. The coldest low was -11 and the low hit 0 or below 7 times, the most since 1994. The biggest snow event occurred on the 25th-26th with 8.3″. This was the 10th largest January snowstorm of all time. Snow depth reached at least 1″ on 19 days.