Census 1810

The 1810 Census doesn’t exactly have a lot of information available. The earliest censuses seem to focus more on economic information rather than population and demographics.

In 1810, Ohio had just 36 counties and Columbus had not been founded yet. Franklin County, however, did exist at the time, as well as Franklinton and a few other towns.

Franklin County
Cotton Goods Value in Dollars: $6,043
Rank of Ohio’s Counties: 3rd
Flaxen Goods Value in Dollars: $13,935
Rank of Ohio’s Counties: 13th
Blended and Unnamed Cloths and Stuffs Value in Dollars: $9,927
Rank of Ohio’s Counties: 15th
Woolen Goods Value in Dollars: $2,496
Rank of Ohio’s Counties: 13th
# of Looms: 150
# of Naileries: 1
# of Tanneries: 5

That’s all I have for now, but if I find more information about the area in 1810, I will add it here.

Neighborhood Profile #2: King-Lincoln

This week is Demographics week. First up, ACD’s second neighborhood profile, featuring the King-Lincoln District, Columbus’ historically African American cultural heart.

I was going to write a history for the area, but this video tells it better than I ever could.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G_3L_gvqZnU

History aside, what I can do is provide a more detailed demographic picture from the past, present and possible future of the neighborhood.

Population

1930: 17,970
1940: 18,282
1950: 20,527
1960: 17,746
1970: 11,627
1980: 9,291
1990: 8,456
2000: 8,025
2010: 6,439

Population peaked around 1950, but during the 1950s began its long-term decline. Some might say this was a product of White Flight, but in this case, the neighborhood was already almost entirely non-White. The White Flight movement was more than just about racial demographic changes in neighborhoods, it was a factor of urban neglect. Just like in the rest of urban Columbus, King-Lincoln lost its urban appeal due to infrastructure deterioration, lack of city-focused leadership, decline of schools and increasing crime rates (among other things). One of the biggest blows to the area, just like what occurred with Olde Towne East to its south, was the construction of I-71 in the early 1960s. The highway cut the neighborhood off from Downtown, demolished hundreds of historic buildings, and allowed more people to effectively leave the neighborhood altogether. This is a good reason why the population dropped by almost 35% between 1960 and 1970.

The population loss rate had been slowing down each decade through 2000. During the 2000s, the city cleared out Poindexter Village, one of Columbus’ first public-housing projects and home to several hundred residents. This accounted for a very large chunk of the loss that occurred from 2000-2010 and why the loss increased during that time. The city is now tearing the complex down with plans for mixed-use development on the site. If not for this action by the city, it’s very likely that King-Lincoln would’ve had it’s lowest total population loss since the decline began in the 1950s.

Demographics
White
1990: 6.1%
2000: 6.2%
2010: 9.6%
Black
1990: 90.7%
2000: 87.7%
2010: 84.0%
Asian
1990: 2.4%
2000: 0.7%
2010: 0.5%
Hispanic
1990: 0.6%
2000: 1.1%
2010: 2.2%
Other
1990: 0.9%
2000: 5.4%
2010: 5.9%

% Change By Demographic for Each Decade
1990-2000
White: -3.7%
Black: -8.2%
Asian: -71.6%
Hispanic: +63.0%
Other: +501.4%
2000-2010
White: +24.5%
Black: -23.1%
Asian: -42.1%
Hispanic: +60.2%
Other: -11.8%

The demographics for the last 30 years show Hispanic and White populations are becoming an ever larger chunk of the neighborhood, while Asians have declined significantly. The African American population is still, by far, the largest demographic, but it too is on a long-term decline. This suggests a gradual gentrification of the neighborhood.

And what of the future of the area? Significant revitalization news has been coming out in recent months. As mentioned above, the 36-building Poindexter Village, long a hot spot for crime and concentrated poverty, is currently in the process of being torn down. The site will be replaced with residential, retail, office and arts space over time. A larger area plan was recently announced here: http://www.columbusunderground.com/pact-plans-165-million-strategic-redevelopment-for-near-east-side . The $165 million plan will focus on King-Lincoln’s main thoroughfares: East Long Street, Mount Vernon Avenue and Taylor Avenue. Increasing density with mixed-use development and revitalizing the commercial corridors is a big part of the plan, as well as infrastructure and green space improvement. Smaller developments include Homeports housing renovations http://www.columbusunderground.com/homeport-looks-to-increase-activity-on-long-street-in-king-lincoln-district-bw1, which have been very successful so far.

So while King-Lincoln has seen better days, the neighborhood is currently in transition. 5-10 years from now, the neighborhood should be radically changed, hopefully for the better. Its proximity to Downtown and other central neighborhoods give it a great advantage as the city has become fairly popular again.

May Columbus Housing Market Update

May home sales set a record for the month.

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Through May, total sales are also way up, and were the 2nd highest for the 2000-2013 period.

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The average May home sales price was the highest since 2006.

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The average January-May sales price was also up.

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To me, all this shows is that after the Recession’s downturn, housing in the Columbus area is seeing a strong recovery. In some cases, the recovery is already surpassing the market that existed pre-Recession.

New Post Release Schedule

I’ve more or less been updating this site rather randomly… sometimes a few times a day, sometimes not for a week. What I want to do is be a bit more organized, not only with when I post, but about what. I decided to break down each month into a 4-week posting schedule, each week dedicated to a general category.

Here is the tentative monthly release schedule.

Week 1: Weather
Monday: Historic Event- An individual event is highlighted.
Tuesday: Cool Link- If no link, no post on this day.
Wednesday: Monthly Records- I have already released some all-time monthly records, and will continue to do so until all 12 months are complete. Once complete, this will be replaced with something else.
Thursday: Cool Link
Friday: Yearly Weather Records- An individual year will be highlighted.
Saturday: Cool Link
Sunday: Other- This could be any related news or information.

Week 2- Development
Monday: Project Highlight- Individual project will be detailed. This could include recently completed, ongoing or future.
Tuesday: Cool Link/News Story
Wednesday: Monthly Development Update- Current month’s update on recently completed, ongoing or recently announced projects.
Thursday: Cool Link/News Story
Friday: Fantasy Project- A fun little “what-if” of what I’d like to see for Columbus.
Saturday: Cool Link/News Story
Sunday: Other

Week 3- Economy/Jobs
Monday: Local Economic News- News story related to local economy.
Tuesday: Cool Link
Wednesday: Monthly Jobs Data- BLS monthly data for the Columbus Metro.
Thursday: Cool Link
Friday: Local Economic News
Saturday: Cool Link
Sunday: Other

Week 4- Demographics
Monday: Neighborhood Profile- A profile of a specific neighborhood.
Tuesday: Cool Link
Wednesday: Census Report- A new or reworked census report for Columbus.
Thursday: Cool Link/News Story
Friday: Tract Profile- Similar to Neighborhood Profile, but getting down to block levels.
Saturday: Cool Link
Sunday: Other

Beyond these, I’ll continue to update and better the Pages, but those updates will stay random and will just depend on when I have time.